Instituto Politécnico Nacional

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National Polytechnic Institute
Instituto Politécnico Nacional
A cogwheel. On its right, the stylized form of a building. On its center, a scale in balance and a laboratory flask surrounded by a snake. On its top, the acronym "IPN".
Official Seal
Motto La Técnica al Servicio de la Patria[1]
Motto in English
Technology to meet the needs of the Nation[2]
Type Public
Established 1 January 1936[3]
Dean Jesús Ávila Galinzoga[4]
Director Enrique Fernández Fassnacht[4][5]
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Students 171,581[6]
Undergraduates 100,854[6]
Postgraduates 6,836[6]
Other students
63,891 (High school)[6]
Location Mexico City,  Mexico
19°30′02″N 99°08′23″W / 19.50056°N 99.13972°W / 19.50056; -99.13972Coordinates: 19°30′02″N 99°08′23″W / 19.50056°N 99.13972°W / 19.50056; -99.13972
Campus Several across Mexico, mostly urban[7]
Colors Maroon and white          
Athletics Burros Blancos (White Donkeys)
Águilas Blancas (White Eagles)
ONEFA Central Conference[8][9]
Nickname Burros Blancos
Affiliations AMECYD,[10] ANUIES,[11] AUIP,[12] CLARA,[13] COMEPO,[14] CUDI,[15] ECOES,[16] OUI,[17] UDUAL,[18] Universia[19]
Sports 27 varsity teams[20]
Mascot White donkey[21]
Staff, students and organization data is for 2013.[6] High school students account for the difference between its total number of students and the sum of undergraduate and postgraduate students.

The Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Spanish: [instiˈtuto poliˈtekniko nasjoˈnal], National Polytechnic Institute), abbreviated IPN, is one of the largest public universities in Mexico with 171,581 students[6] at the high school, undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It was founded on 1 January 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río as a response to provide professional education to the most disadvantaged social classes in that period, a practice that is maintained because it is one of the few vocational schools in the world.[22]

The institute consists of 98 academic units offering 293 courses of study.[6] It includes 78 technical careers, 80 undergraduate and 135 postgraduate programs.[6] Its main campus, called 'Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos' or 'Zacatenco', is on approximately 530 acres (2.1 km2) north Mexico City.[7]

The IPN is based primarily in Mexico City and its suburbs, but with several research institutes and facilities distributed over 22 states.[6]


Marquee at the main entrance of the Adolfo López Mateos campus

The institute was founded on January 1, 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas in what had been previously known as the Ex hacienda Santo Tomás — a large estate initially owned by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in the 16th century[22] and donated by the federal government.[23]

Prominent astronomer Luis Enrique Erro, former revolutionary Juan de Dios Bátiz Paredes and former minister of education Narciso Bassols were among its initial promoters.[23]

During the administration of former director Alejo Peralta sufficient lands were given to IPN. Expropriated lands of Santa Maria Ticomán (213 ha) and San Pedro Zacatenco (43 ha) were used.[7]

The construction of what is now the Professional Unit "Adolfo López Mateos" (Zacatenco) began in 1958. In 1959, former President Adolfo López Mateos, the former minister of education Jaime Torres Bodet, and former director of IPN Eugenio Mendez Docurro, inaugurated the first four buildings of Zacatenco, which were occupied by the Superior School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (ESIME) and the Superior School of Engineering and Architecture (ESIA).[7]


IPN entrance

The institute is organized around 98 academic units[6] including 18 vocational high schools (operates as CECyT), 26 university colleges, 20 scientific and technical research centers, 17 continuing education centers, 4 units for educational support, 3 support units for education innovation, 8 support units for research, development and technological and enterprise foment, and 2 units affiliated to science, enterprise research and development.

These schools are primarily in Mexico City, although several extension and research facilities are distributed over 22 states.[6]

Some units (particularly the semi-autonomous, internationally renowned CINVESTAV) enjoy a high degree of academic and budgetary freedom. The institute as a whole is headed by a director-general appointed by the President of Mexico, usually (but not always) after some consultation with members of its academic community.[24] Since November 2014, its director-general is Enrique Fernández Fassnacht.[5]

In addition to its academic endeavors, and as part of its cultural promotion strategy, the institute operates 'Canal Once', the oldest public broadcast service in Latin America[25] featuring original cultural, scientific, information and entertainment programming, foreign shows and classic, rare, and non-commercial films from all over the world.


One of the schools of the National Polytechnic Institute specializing in business studies.

The Institute offers 80 undergraduate programs[6] leading to four- or five-year bachelor's degrees and 135 postgraduate programs[6] leading to 29 postgraduate diplomas,[6] 70 master's degrees[6] and 36 doctorate degrees.[6]

Like most public universities in Mexico, in addition to its undergraduate and graduate schools the institute sponsors several vocational high schools called 'Centros de Estudios Científicos y Tecnológicos' (C.E.C. y T.), most of which are in Greater Mexico City. Upon completion, they lead to a technician degree. For this level of study, the institute offers 78 technical careers.[6]


IPN fields 27 varsity teams in sports or activities such as archery, American football, athletics, baseball, basketball, body building, bowling, boxing, chess, cycling, frontenis, gymnastics, handball, indoor soccer, judo, karate, kendo, mountaineering, rowing, soccer, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, touch football, volleyball, weightlifting and wrestling.[20]

The university maintains a fierce rivalry with all the athletic teams from the National Autonomous University of Mexico but have a particularly bitter competition with its football program, the "Pumas Dorados" (Golden Pumas).

Notable people[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Scientists and technologists[edit]


Notable faculty[edit]

See also Category: Instituto Politécnico Nacional faculty

See also[edit]


  1. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Lema" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "About Us". Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  3. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Compendio histórico 1930-1939" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Directorio de Servidores Públicos de Mando y Dirección" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Quadratin México. "Designan a Enrique Fernández Fassnacht director del IPN" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s National Polytechnic Institute. "Informe Anuel de Actividades dos mil trece" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d Universia Mexico (March 20, 2009). "Conmemora IPN 50 aniversario de la unidad "Adolfo López Mateos"" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  8. ^ Vanguardia. "Se divide la ONEFA; Nacen la Conferencia del Centro y la Conferencia de los Seis Grandes" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Se divide la ONEFA, con la creación de la Conferencia del Centro" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  10. ^ Asociación Mexicana de Educación Continua y a Distancia A.C. (AMECYD). "Instituciones Afiliadas" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  11. ^ Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Eduación Superior (ANUIES). "Instituciones Afiliadas, Distrito Federal" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  12. ^ Asociación Universitaria Iberoamericana de Postgrado (AUIP). "Asociadas a la AUIP" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  13. ^ Cooperación Latinoamericana de Redes Avanzadas (CLARA). "Miembros México" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  14. ^ Consejo Mexicano de Estudios de Posgrado A.C. (COMEPO). "COMEPO - Miembros Afiliados" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  15. ^ Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet A.C. (CUDI). "Membresía CUDI. Universidades, Centros e Instituciones de Investigación" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  16. ^ Espacio Común de Educación Superior (ECOES). "Instituciones Participantes" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  17. ^ Organización Universitaria Interamericana (OUI). "Miembros" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  18. ^ Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL). "Directorio de Instituciones Afiliadas a la UDUAL" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  19. ^ Universia Mexico. "Instituto Politécnico Nacional" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  20. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Disciplinas" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  21. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Mascota" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on April 12, 2009. Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  22. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Antecedentes del Centro Histórico y Cultural "Juan de Dios Bátiz"" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  23. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Historia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  24. ^ La Jornada. "Villa Rivera: nombrar director del IPN, facultad sólo del Presidente" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  25. ^ Canal Once. "Acerca de Canal Once" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 21, 2147.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]