Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance

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The Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, or simply IPA, is a funding mechanism of the European Union. As of 2007, it replaced previous programmes such as the PHARE, ISPA, SAPARD and CARDS. Unlike the previous assistance programs, IPA offers funds to both EU candidate countries (Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey) and potential candidates (Bosnia and Kosovo).

The previous IPA Regulation covering the period 2007-2013 ("IPA I") was replaced in March 2014 by a new regulation ("IPA II") covering the period 2014-2020. The overall budget allocation for IPA II is EUR 11.7bn. The new regulation streamlined the rules governing access to IPA funds for candidate countries and potential candidates.

Budgets in millions of euros:

Country IPA I[1] IPA II[2] Total
Turkey 4,795 4,454 9,249
Multi-country 1,137 2,959 2,959
Serbia 1,386 1,508 2,894
Kosovo 656 646 1,302
Macedonia 615 664 1,279
Albania 595 649 1,244
Croatia 998 0 998
Bosnia Herzegovina 656 166 822
Montenegro 236 271 507
Iceland 30 0 30
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
Turkey
Multi-country
Serbia
Kosovo
Macedonia
Albania
Croatia
Bosnia Herzegovina
Montenegro
Iceland
  •   IPA I
  •   IPA II

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