Instruments used in medical laboratories

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This is a list of instruments used in general in laboratories, including:


Instrument list[edit]

Instrument Uses
Test tube
Folin-Wu tube
Glass slide and cover slips in microscopy, serology, etc. as the solid backing on which test samples are taken
Petri dish used for preparation of culture media and the culture of organisms they are in
Glass beaker reagent storage
Glass flask gastric acid, or other fluid titration
Pasteur pipette for aspiration and addition of reagents
Graduated pipettes for aspiration and addition of reagents, often of minuscule amounts of the material; used mainly in colorimetry
Syringes
Disposable gloves prevention of transmission of diseases (as long as not cut or perforated) to or from the user
Tourniquet This is used to cause an artificial venous stasis by applying pressure through this rubber tube. This leads to engorgement of the veins, allowing them to be seen more easily. Used for intravenous injections and cannulation.
Microscope used for visualising minute structures, including microbes
Bunsen burner or spirit lamps or candles source of fire / heat
Ultracentrifuge used to separate particles dispersed in a liquid according to their molecular mass
Electrophoresis apparatus used to detect and classify serum proteins or proteins from any other source; also used for DNA separation
Chromatography:
Gas chromatography or Gas liquid chromatography (GLC)
Planar chromatography
Paper chromatography
Thin layer chromatography
Affinity chromatography
Ion exchange chromatography
Size exclusion chromatography
Countercurrent chromatography
Countercurrent chromatography
Hematology analyzer
Semiauto analyzer
Reflotron
Setup for radioimmunoassay or RIA Previously this was widely used to detect various things in bold fluids like proteins (natural, infective, those produced by the body in reaction to disease, or cancer related), tumor markers, hormones, viruses (hepatitis, or HIV), etc.
Setup for enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) It is presently widely used to detect various things in bold fluids like proteins (natural, infective, those produced by the body in reaction to disease, or cancer related), tumor markers, hormones, viruses (hepatitis, HIV), etc. It has replaced RIA.
Colorimeter used in photochemical analysis and quantitative estimation of substances such asblood sugar, creatinine, and hemoglobin.
Burette used to measure the amount of acid or alkali used in titration
General laboratory stands, racks, filter paper, reagents, etc.
Induction coils as a source of high voltage electricity
Cathode ray oscilloscope '
Recording kymograph historically, used in human or animal experiments to measure and record data
Long extension kymograph historically, used in or human animal experiments to measure and record data
Surface plasmon resonance Label-free detection of molecule binding. Used to determine kinetic constants of the interaction (ka, kd, KD). Can also be used for thermodynamic analysis.

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Practical Pathology by Dr. P. Chakraborty and Dr. G. Chakraborty, ISBN 81-7381-332-9
  2. ^ Robbins and Cotran, Review of Pathology, ISBN 0-7216-0194-4
  3. ^ Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Bertram G. Katzung, ISBN 978-0-07-141092-2