Insurgency in the Preševo Valley
|Preševo Valley Insurgency|
|Part of the Yugoslav Wars|
|Commanders and leaders|
(Second President, 2000–01)
(Chief of the General Staff)
(General of the Army)
|1,600 separatists|| 3,500 soldiers and policemen
100 JSO members
|Casualties and losses|
400 surrendered to KFOR
|15 civilians killed (8 Serb, 7 Albanian)
2 UN observers wounded
The Insurgency in the Preševo Valley was an armed conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the ethnic Albanian separatists of the Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac (UÇPMB). There were instances during the conflict in which the Yugoslav government requested KFOR support in suppressing UÇPMB attacks since they could only use lightly armed military forces as part of the Kumanovo Treaty that ended the Kosovo War, which created a buffer zone so that the bulk of Yugoslav armed forces could not enter.
The Kosovo War was a parallel conflict between the Yugoslav Army and the Kosovo Liberation Army. It began in February 1998 and ended on 10 June 1999 when the Kumanovo Treaty was signed. According to the treaty, KFOR troops, supervised by the United Nations, would enter as a peacekeeping force, while Yugoslav military forces were to withdraw. It was agreed that the KLA would disband by 19 September 1999. The Preševo valley conflict erupted in June 1999.
In 2013, UÇPMB veterans erected a memorial with the names of 27 insurgents who were killed in the conflict. A further 400 were reported to have surrendered to KFOR. Seven ethnic Albanian civilians were also killed.
Two United Nations observers were wounded, according to reports.
- 2000 unrest in Kosovo
- 2001 insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia
- 2004 unrest in Kosovo
- Kosovo independence precedent
- "Mine kills Serb police". BBC News. October 14, 2000.
- David Holley (25 May 2001). "Yugoslavia Occupies Last of Kosovo Buffer". LA Times. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Rebel Albanian chief surrenders". BBC News. May 26, 2001.
- "British K-For troops under fire". BBC News. January 25, 2001.
- "Kosovo rebels accept peace talks". BBC News. February 7, 2001.
- Kosovo Liberation Army: The Inside Story of an Insurgency, Henry H. Perritt
- Reflections on the Balkan Wars: Ten Years After the Break-up of Yugoslavia, Jeffrey S. Morton, Stefano Bianchini, Craig Nation, Paul Forage
- War in the Balkans, 1991–2002, R. Craig Nation
- Morton, Jeffrey S. (2004). Reflections on the Balkan Wars. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 57. ISBN 1-4039-6332-0.
- "Renewed clashes near Kosovo border". BBC News. January 28, 2001.
- "Kostunica warns of fresh fighting". BBC News. January 29, 2001.
- "KLA future in the balance". BBC News. September 7, 1999.
- "Uhapšeni Albanci otimali i kasapili Srbe". Večernje Novosti. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012.
- "Remembrance of the recent past". The Economist. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Yugoslav troops advance in buffer zone, brace for backlash from top rebel's death, Stars and Stripes, May 26, 2001
- "Human rights violations committed in Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac from the period of the NATO bombing to the granting of an amnesty to former soldiers of the Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac". Humanitarian Law Centre. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2016.