Integrated Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System
Integrated Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System (iNFCIS) is a set of databases related to the nuclear fuel cycle maintained by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The main objective of iNFCIS is to provide information on all aspects of nuclear fuel cycle to various researchers, analysts, energy planners, academicians, students and the general public. Presently iNFCIS includes several modules. iNFCIS requires free registration for on-line access.
Nuclear fuel cycle consists of a number of steps which are critical in supporting a nuclear power programme. This included fuel supply-related activities in the front end and used or spent fuel-related activities in the back end. Reliable and accurate statistical data on worldwide nuclear fuel cycle activities is desired by the nuclear community for national policy making, international co-operation and studies pertaining to sustainable global energy futures. The IAEA provides up-to-date fuel cycle information to Member States, organizations and stakeholders, so as to understand, plan and develop nuclear fuel cycle programmes and activities. iNFCIS, a web-based system comprising several nuclear fuel cycle-related databases, is one source of such information.
IAEA over years has accumulated a large volume of data on nuclear fuel cycle activities through its regular technical meetings and publications, wherein contributions from Member States and leading international experts has been assimilated. IAEA had initiated electronic preservation of this data more than 20 years back, and since the last 10 years it has been made freely available through the public Internet. The data is regularly updated through direct inputs from the Member States, by consultants engaged by the IAEA or from open sources. All data is reviewed by consultants continuously to maintain high quality.
iNFCIS presently includes the follow databases and a simulation tool:
- NFCIS – The Nuclear fuel cycle information system provides details regarding civilian nuclear fuel cycle facilities around the world. It contains information on operational and non-operational, planned, and cancelled facilities. All stages of nuclear fuel cycle activities are included, starting from uranium ore production to spent fuel storage facilities. NFCIS data has been used for analyses and studies related to nuclear fuel cycle.
- UDEPO – The World distribution of uranium deposits database is an on-line database of uranium deposits around the world. It includes classification of deposits, technical information about the deposits, detailed geological information about regions, districts and deposits. UDEPO is widely cited as an authentic source of information on uranium resources.
- ThDEPO – The World Thorium Deposits and Resources database is an on-line database of thorium deposits.
- PIEDB – The Post irradiation examination facilities database is a catalogue of hot laboratories maintained by the IAEA. It includes details of the main characteristics of hot cells and their PIE capabilities.
- MADB – The Minor actinide property database is a bibliographic database of physico-chemical properties of selected minor actinide compounds and alloys. The materials properties are selected based on their importance in the advanced nuclear fuel cycle options.
- NFCSS – The Nuclear fuel cycle simulation system is a scenario-based tool to estimate material flow in the nuclear fuel cycle. NFCSS is developed based on a model designed to estimate long-term nuclear fuel cycle requirements and actinide arisings.
The following are the print publications based on iNFCIS:
- Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System:A Directory of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities 2009 Edition
- The Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System, 1996 Edition
- The Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System
- World Distribution of Uranium Deposits (UDEPO), with Uranium Deposit Classification
- Nuclear reprocessing
- Nuclear fission product
- Activation product
- Reprocessed uranium
- MOX fuel
- Uranium mining
- Enriched uranium
- Post Irradiation Examination
- Spent nuclear fuel
- Spent nuclear fuel shipping cask
- Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System
- IAEA. "Nuclear fuel cycle related databases". IAEA.
- Bellezza, F.; S. Contini; F. Mousty; A. Ussorio (2005). "GIS-based System to Support Open Source Information Analysis". Proc. of the ESARDA 27th Annual Meeting: Symposium on Safeguards and Nucl. Mat. Man. Archived from the original on 2006-05-07. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Kollar, L.; C. E. Mathews (2009). Evolution of Safeguards Over Time: Past, Present, and Projected Facilities, Material, and Budget (PDF). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Retrieved 2013-02-10.[permanent dead link]
- Steinhausler, F. (2009). Infrastructure Security and Nuclear Power. DTIC Document. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Blanc, A.; B. Roberts (2008). Nuclear Proliferation: A Historical Overview. DTIC Document. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Bril, L. V.; J. Gonçalves (2006). "Open source information collection, processing and applications". Verifying Treaty Compliance: 455–476. doi:10.1007/3-540-33854-3_21. ISBN 3-540-33853-5.
- Laughter, M. D. (2009). "Profile of world uranium enrichment programs—2009" (PDF). ORNL/TM-2009/110, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Windsor, L.; C. Kessler (2007). Technical and Political Assessment of Peaceful Nuclear Power Program Prospects in North Africa and the Middle East (PDF). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Cuney, M. (2012). "Uranium and thorium: the extreme diversity of the resources of the world's energy minerals". Non-Renewable Resource Issues: 91–129. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-8679-2_6. ISBN 978-90-481-8678-5.
- Bejaoui, J.; M. Samaali; S. Baccouche; N. Regugui; M. F. B. Hamouda; Z. Azzouz; A. Trabelsi; S. Bouhlel; B. Salim (2012). "New information on radionuclides concentration in phosphorites originating from Tunisia and Algeria". Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 6 (7): 2685–2689. doi:10.1007/s12517-012-0536-3.
- Angiboust, S.; M. Fayek; I. M. Power; A. Camacho; G. Calas; G. Southam (2012). "Structural and biological control of the Cenozoic epithermal uranium concentrations from the Sierra Peña Blanca, Mexico" (PDF). Mineralium Deposita. 47 (8): 859. Bibcode:2012MinDe..47..859A. doi:10.1007/s00126-012-0408-5. Retrieved 2013-02-08.[dead link]
- Koos, C.; M. Basedau (2012). "Does Uranium Mining Increase Civil Conflict Risk? Evidence from a Spatiotemporal Analysis of Africa from 1945 to 2010". SSRN 2145878. Cite journal requires
- IAEA (2009). Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System: A Directory of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities 2009 Edition (PDF). IAEA.
- IAEA (1996). Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System. IAEA.
- IAEA (1987). The Nuclear Fuel Cycle Information System. IAEA.
- IAEA (2009). World Distribution of Uranium Deposits (UDEPO), with Uranium Deposit Classification, 2009 Edition (PDF). IAEA.