Intel Galileo

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Intel Galileo Gen. 1
Embedded World 2014 Intel Galileo 01.jpg
"Intel Galileo Gen. 1"
Developer Intel Corporation
Type Single-board computer
Release date 17 October 2013[1][2]
Introductory price US$70
Operating system Linux (Yocto Project based Linux)
CPU Intel Quark X1000 400 MHz
Memory 256 MB
Storage Micro SD card slot
(Micro SD or SDHC card)
Power 15 W
Intel Galileo Gen. 2
"Intel Galileo Gen. 2"
Developer Intel Corporation
Type Single-board computer
Release date Q2'14[3]
Introductory price US$79.90[4]
Operating system Linux
CPU Intel Quark X1000 32-bit 400 MHz
Memory 256 MB
Storage Flash Memory 8M, EEPROM 8 kb, Micro SD card slot up to 32GB
Power 15 W

Intel Galileo is the first in a line of Arduino-certified development boards based on Intel x86 architecture and is designed for the maker and education communities. Intel released two versions of Galileo, referred to as Gen 1 and Gen 2.

Intel Galileo combines Intel technology with support for Arduino ready-made hardware expansion cards (called "shields") and the Arduino software development environment and libraries.[5] The development board runs an open source Linux operating system with the Arduino software libraries, enabling re-use of existing software, called "sketches". Intel Galileo can be programmed through OS X, Microsoft Windows and Linux host operating software. The board is also designed to be hardware and software compatible with the Arduino shield ecosystem.

Intel Galileo features the Intel Quark SoC X1000, the first product from the Intel Quark technology family of low-power, small-core products. Intel Quark represents Intel's attempt to compete within markets such as the Internet of Things and wearable computing. Designed in Ireland, the Quark SoC X1000 is a 32-bit, single core, single-thread, Pentium (P54C/i586) instruction set architecture (ISA)-compatible CPU, operating at speeds up to 400 MHz.

In addition to supporting the Arduino shield ecosystem, the Intel development board comes with several computing industry standard I/O interfaces, including ACPI, PCI Express, 10/100 Mbit Ethernet, Micro SD or SDHD, USB 2.0 device and EHCI/OHCI USB host ports, high-speed UART, RS-232 serial port, programmable 8 MB NOR flash, and a JTAG port for easy debug. Intel Galileo supports the Arduino IDE running atop an unmodified Linux software stack, supported by a common open source tool chain.

Intel Galileo Gen 2 Is similar to Gen 1 with the following changes:

  • Replaces the RS-232 console port (audio jack) with a 1x6-pin 3.3V USB TTL UART header
  • Adds 12-bit pulse-width modulation (PWM)
  • Console UART1 redirection to Arduino* headers
  • 12V Power over Ethernet (PoE) capability
  • A power regulation system that accepts power supplies from 7V to 15V.
Feature GEN 1 GEN 2
SoC Intel Quark X1000 32-bit 400 MHz Intel Quark X1000 32-bit 400 MHz
Power Barrel 5V 7V-15V
Ethernet no PoE 12V Power over Ethernet (PoE) capability

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