In April 2018, it was reported that Intel was assembling a team to develop discrete Graphics Processing Units, targeting both data-centers, as well as the PC gaming market, and therefore competitive with products from both Nvidia and AMD. Rumors supporting the claim included that the company had vacancies for over 100 graphics related jobs, and had taken on former Radeon Technologies Group (AMD) leader Raja Koduri in late 2017 – the new product was reported to be codenamed "Artic Sound". The project was reported to have initially been targeting video streaming chips for data centers, but had its scope expanded to include desktop GPUs.
In June 2018, Intel confirmed it planned to launch a discrete GPU in 2020.
In September 2019, hothardware.com reported that the Xe graphics (formally as "Gen 12") would represent a large change in the Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) of Intel's GPUs, with practically all instruction encodings being altered. The Xe graphics ISA is expected to ship with the Tiger Lake product line.
The first functional discrete "Xe" GPU, codenamed "DG1", was reported as having begun testing in October 2019.
According to a report by hexus.net in late 2019, a discrete GPU would launch in mid 2020; combined GPU/CPU (GPGPU) products were also expected, for data center and autonomous driving applications. The product is expected to be initially built on a 10 nm node (with 7 nm products in 2021) and use Intel's Foveros die stacking packaging technology (see 3D die stacking).
Intel officially announced their Xe general HPC/AI GPU codenamed Ponte Vecchio on November 17, 2019. The chip is to use Intel's 'Embedded Multi-Die Interconnect Bridge' (EMIB) and Foveros die stacking packaging on a 7nm node. The new GPU is expected to be used in Argonne National Laboratory's new exascale supercomputer, Aurora, with compute nodes comprising two Intel Xeon (Sapphire Rapids) CPUs, and six Ponte Vecchio GPUs.
- Cutress, Ian (12 December 2018), "Intel's Architecture Day 2018: The Future of Core, Intel GPUs, 10nm, and Hybrid x86", www.anandtech.com, p. 5,
Intel will use the Xe branding for its range of graphics that were unofficially called ‘Gen12’ in previous discussions
- Evangelho, Jason (11 Apr 2018), "Intel Is Developing A Desktop Gaming GPU To Fight Nvidia, AMD", www.forbes.com
- Hill, Brandon (12 June 2018), "Intel To Power Up Its First Discrete GPU Confirmed For 2020 Launch", hothardware.com
- Hill, Brandon (9 Sep 2019), "Intel Says Tiger Lake Gen12 Xe Graphics Is Its Biggest Architectural Revamp In A Decade", hothardware.com
- Allan, Darren (26 Oct 2019), "Intel's first Xe graphics card is officially 'alive' and coming for AMD and Nvidia", ww.techradar.com
- Tyson, Mark (16 Oct 2019), "Industry sources say discrete Intel Xe cards will arrive mid-2020", hexus.net
- Intel Unveils New GPU Architecture with High-Performance Computing and AI Acceleration, and oneAPI Software Stack with Unified and Scalable Abstraction for Heterogeneous Architectures (press release), Intel, 17 Nov 2019
- Cutress, Ian (17 Nov 2019), "Intel's Xe for HPC: Ponte Vecchio with Chiplets, EMIB, and Foveros on 7nm, Coming 2021", www.anandtech.com
- Altavilla, Dave; Chiappetta, Marco (30 November 2018), "Intel Exec Discloses Discrete GPU Details And Strategy", hothardware.com
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