In the terminology of ghost hunting, an intelligent haunting (also known as a classic or traditional haunting) differs from a residual haunting, being a haunting in which a spiritual entity is aware of the living world and interacts with or responds to it. Ghost hunters and paranormal writers believe that such a ghost or spirit may be able to communicate with the living, not just by talking, but by moving inanimate objects such as furniture or toys. Study and classification of ghosts and poltergeists is regarded as pseudoscience because it does not use a system of controlled experimentation or scientific method.
Borley Rectory is a Victorian mansion. Built in 1863, it was located in Essex County in England and was described by Harry Price in the 1930s as the "most haunted house in England". Incidents of intelligent haunting have been reported at the site. In particular, a nun was said to have been buried alive, but is claimed to have been seen gliding along the dark path, and tramping footsteps and ringing bells are claimed to have been heard at night. In 1930, when the Foysters moved in, they reported that objects flew in the air and fire randomly broke out around the mansion. They described being attacked by the forces with hot stones and claimed to have been spat at and levitated. In 1944, a Life Magazine photographer was at the site and took a photo of the Borley Rectory. The photo seems to show specks of white dust.
The story plot of Shutter includes Jane, the main character, being involved in a car accident that severely injures and kills a girl. Jane’s boyfriend, Tun, suggests that they keep driving, leaving the girl behind. Tun is a photographer and mysterious shadow figures of the girl begin to appear in his work. The spirit of the girl is malevolently trying to communicate with both Jane and Tun. 
In The Sixth Sense, the boy, Cole, was able to see dead people and was contacted by the ghost of a girl who was murdered, Kyra. Kyra wanted to reveal the truth about her murder, but needed Cole’s help. Cole showed the videotape of the murder to Kyra’s father. The videotape revealed that Kyra’s mother put floor cleaner fluid into her food.
- James Houran; Rense Lange; Gertrude R. Schmeidler; John Beloff (August 2007). Hauntings and Poltergeists: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. McFarland. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-0-7864-3249-3. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- Robert E. Krebs (28 February 1999). Scientific development and misconceptions through the ages: a reference guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 12–. ISBN 978-0-313-30226-8. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- Christopher Bader; F. Mencken; Joseph Baker (12 October 2010). Paranormal America: Ghost Encounters, UFO Sightings, Bigfoot Hunts, and Other Curiosities in Religion and Culture. NYU Press. pp. 24–. ISBN 978-0-8147-9134-9. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
- Floyd, E. Randall (2002). In the Realm of Ghosts and Hauntings. Harbor House. ISBN 978-1-891799-06-8.
- "A photo of the Borley Rectoryissn=0024-3019". LIFE Magazine. 22 September 1947. p. 128.
- "Shutter (2004)".
- "The Sixth Sense". Retrieved 8 November 2011.