Inter-Korean summits

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Inter-Korean summits
South Korean name
Hangul 남북정상회담
Hanja 南北頂上會談
North Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 북남수뇌상봉
Hancha 北南首腦相逢

Inter-Korean summits are meetings between the leaders of North Korea and South Korea. There have been five such meetings so far (2000, 2007, April 2018, May 2018, and September 2018). The importance of these summits lies in the lack of formal communication between North and South Korea, which makes discussing political and economic issues difficult. The summits' agendas have included topics such as the ending of the 1953 war (currently there is an armistice in force), the massive deployment of troops at the DMZ (approximately two million in total),[1] the development of nuclear weapons by North Korea, and human rights issues.[2][3][4]

Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in shaking hands
Review of the South Korean military traditional honor guard
Talks inside the Peace House

Overview[edit]

2000 summit[edit]

In 2000, the representatives of the two governments met for the first time since the division of the Korean peninsula. Kim Dae-jung, the President of South Korea, who arrived at Pyongyang Sunan International Airport, met Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea, directly under the trap of the airport, and the rallies and divisions of the People's Army Corps were held. [2]

2007 summit[edit]

In June 2007, a summit declaration was adopted, which included the realization of the June 15 Joint Declaration, the promotion of a three-party or four-party summit meeting to resolve the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula, and active promotion of inter-Korean economic cooperation projects. [5] [6]

  • Participants: Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea, and Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea
  • Place of meeting: Pyongyang, North Korea
  • Date of the meeting: October 2 - October 4, 2007
  • Results of talks: 2007 North–South Summit Declaration

2018 Summits[edit]

April 2018 summit[edit]

A summit was held on 27 April 2018 in South Korea's portion of the Joint Security Area. It was the third summit between South and North Korea, agreed by South Korea's President, Moon Jae-in, and North Korea's Supreme Leader, Kim Jong-un.[7]

May 2018 summit[edit]

On 26 May 2018, Kim and Moon met again in the Joint Security Area.[9] The meeting took two hours, and unlike other summits it had not been publicly announced beforehand.[10]

September 2018 summit[edit]

On 13 August, Blue House announced that South Korea's President attended the third inter-Korean summit with leader Kim Jong-un at Pyongyang on 18-20 September as expected. The agenda would be finding the strategy of the breakthrough in its hampered talks with U.S and solution for the denuclearization on the Korean peninsula. [11] [12] [13]

December 2018 summit[edit]

It was announced that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is invited to visit Seoul, South Korea by the end of 2018.

See also[edit]

Press releases[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Kim's War Machine". Time. 2003-02-24. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
  2. ^ a b Jon Van Dyke (July 29, 2010). "The Maritime boundary between North & South Korea in the Yellow (West) Sea". 38 North. U.S.-Korea Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  3. ^ Archived 2007-10-16 at the Wayback Machine., BBC, Tuesday, 2 October 2007, 10:14 GMT
  4. ^ In pictures: Historic crossing Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine., BBC, 2 October 2007, 10:15 GMT
  5. ^ Archived 2007-10-16 at the Wayback Machine., BBC, Tuesday, 2 October 2007, 10:14 GMT
  6. ^ In pictures: Historic crossing Archived 2008-03-07 at the Wayback Machine., BBC, 2 October 2007, 10:15 GMT
  7. ^ https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/north-korea-kim-jong-un-south-moon-jae-in-meet-summit-10180506
  8. ^ https://www.tasnimnews.com/en/news/2018/03/29/1689519/north-south-korea-fix-april-date-for-1st-summit-in-years
  9. ^ "North, South Korea meet for surprise second summit". syracuse.com. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  10. ^ "North and South Korean leaders hold surprise meeting". CNN. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Koreas to hold Pyongyang summit in September". Aug 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "Kim's new look as Pyongyang summit confirmed". Aug 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "South Korean leader to meet Kim Jong Un on his turf". Aug 13, 2018.

References[edit]

External links[edit]