Inter-Services Intelligence activities in the United States
|Inter-Services Intelligence activities in the United States|
|Part of Pakistan–United States relations|
Inter-Services Intelligence activities in the U.S. include activities like gathering intelligence in the United States.
The Inter–Services Intelligence (abbreviated as ISI) has been alleged or previously documented by various authors of running an active military intelligence program in the United States, as well as operational activities related to America outside the country.
During the 1980s Soviet war in Afghanistan, the ISI successfully intercepted two undercover American private weapons dealers. One American diplomat (his name has not been de-classified) who lived in the F-7/4 sector of Islamabad was spotted by an ISI agent in a seedy part of Rawalpindi by his automobile's diplomatic plates. He was bugged and trailed and was found to be in contact with various tribal groups, supplying them with weapons for their fight with the Soviet Army in Afghanistan. Another was Eugene Clegg, a teacher in the American International School who also indulged in weapons trade. One American International School employee and under cover agent Naeem was arrested while waiting to clear a shipment from Islamabad customs. All of them were put out of business.
The ISI partnered with the CIA in providing weapons, funds, training and support to the mujahideen resistance fighting the Soviet forces.
The ISI has reportedly been suspicious about CIA's attempted penetration of Pakistani nuclear assets, and CIA's alleged intelligence gathering in the Pakistan's tribal areas along the Afghan border. Based on these suspicions, it was speculated that the ISI was pursuing counter-intelligence against CIA operations in Pakistan and Afghanistan. ISI former DG Ashfaq Parvez Kayani is also reported to have said, "real aim of U.S. [war] strategy is to denuclearize Pakistan."
According to a report by The New York Times, FBI officials tracking the activities of Pakistani spies in the United States have claimed that the ISI actively monitors the Pakistani American community. The objective is to extract information from Pakistanis living in the United States and to specifically keep a check on any elements that are openly critical of the Pakistani government. In one such incident, Mohammad Tasleem, an attaché posted at the Pakistan consulate in New York, had been identified as a clandestine ISI operative who had been posing as an FBI agent to collect information from members of the Pakistani community, in what was described as an ISI campaign to keep tabs on the Pakistani diaspora community. When the matter came to light following an FBI tip-off to Leon E. Panetta, the director of the CIA at that time, a "tense conversation" had reportedly taken place between the directors of the two intelligence agencies in April 2010. According to the report, "Within days, Mr. Tasleem was spirited out of the United States — a quiet resolution typical of the spy games among the worlds's powers".
U.S. diplomats in Pakistan have claimed being intimidated or harassed frequently. One American official described harassment occurring in the form of vehicles of American diplomats being constantly stopped and thoroughly checked by Pakistani security personnel, and pressure against the construction of American consulates. These actions particularly came into the limelight during the director-generalship of Ahmad Shuja Pasha, in his final year in the backdrop of the Osama bin Laden operation. Pasha reportedly adopted a hostile stance on Washington, cutting down the ISI's cooperation, jailing Shakil Afridi, the Pakistani informant who whistleblew Osama bin Laden's alleged presence to the CIA, "ordering the harassment of U.S. diplomats in Pakistan" among other things.
Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai is a Kashmiri American activist who was charged for concealing transfer of USD 3.5 million from the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) to fund his lobbying efforts and influence the U.S. government on the Kashmir conflict in violation of the Foreign Agents Registration Act.
ISI allegedly blew the cover of the CIA station chief in Islamabad in 2010 by filing a lawsuit naming the CIA station chief Jonathan Banks. The lawsuit was filed by a drone victim who alleged that CIA was killing innocent civilians using its drone program. Following this Banks was recalled. In 2013, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf a political party that also runs the government in the Pakistani North Western province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa lodged a complaint against CIA director John O. Brennan and Islamabad station chief Craig Osth for aiding in the drone attack at Hangu District on 21 November 2013.
In the aftermath of a shooting involving American CIA agent Raymond Davis, the ISI had become more alert and suspicious about CIA spy network in Pakistan, which had disrupted the ISI-CIA cooperation. At least 30 suspected covert American operatives have suspended their activities in Pakistan and 12 have already left the country.
ISI operative Mohammed Tasleem, an attache in the New York consulate, was found by the FBI in 2010 to be issuing threats against Pakistanis living in the United States, to prevent them from speaking openly about Pakistan's government. US officials and Pakistani journalists and scholars say the ISI has a systematic campaign to threaten those who speak critically of the Pakistan military.
Pakistani political academic Ayesha Siddiqa has controversially claimed that the ISI has infiltrated US think tanks. According to Siddiqa, a Pakistani diplomat had confided that the ISI set up funds to infiltrate think tanks in Washington, D.C. and had "finally did it".
In popular culture
American video games such as Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, Call of Duty: Black Ops II and Medal of Honour: Warfighter have incorporated missions involving the ISI. The intelligence agency has been portrayed in a nemesis role in the games.
- CIA activities in Pakistan
- Soviet espionage in the United States
- Chinese intelligence operations in the United States
- Brigadier Syed A. I. Tirmazi (1985). Profiles of Intelligence. Combined Printers. Library of Congress Catalogue No. 95-930455.
- "The ISI and Terrorism: Behind the Accusations". Washington Post. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- Jehl, Douglas (2002-02-25). "A NATION CHALLENGED: THE SUSPECTS; Death of Reporter Puts Focus On Pakistan Intelligence Unit". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- "Pakistan | CIA and ISI locked in aggressive spy battles". Dawn.Com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "New estimates put Pakistan's nuclear arsenal at more than 100, By Karen DeYoung, Washington Post, Monday, January 31, 2011". Washingtonpost.com. 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Mazzetti, Mark; Schmitt, Eric; Savage, Charlie (23 July 2011). "Pakistan Spies on Its Diaspora, Spreading Fear". New York Times. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Waraich, Omar (7 August 2012). "The CIA and ISI: Are Pakistan and the U.S.’s Spy Agencies Starting to Get Along?". Time World. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Chidanand Rajghatta (16 December 2010). "ISI blows cover of CIA man in Islamabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- "CIA recalls its top Pakistan spy after his cover is blown in drone case". Belfast Telegraph. 18 December 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Manan, Abdul; Yousaf, Kamran (29 November 2013). "No cover: US may recall CIA station chief in Islamabad". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Mumtaz Alvi (28 November 2013). "PTI nominates CIA officials in FIR for committing murder". The News. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- "ISI redefining terms of engagement with CIA, By Baqir Sajjad Syed, March 6, 2011". Dawn.com. 2011-03-06. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Kharal, Asad (2011-02-25). "After Davis' arrest, US operatives leaving Pakistan – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 2011-03-17.
- Mark Mazzetti, Eric Schmitt and Charlie Savage (July 23, 2011). "Pakistan Spies on Its Diaspora, Spreading Fear". New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "ISI has infiltrated US thinktanks, Pak scholar says". Times of India. 30 June 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
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- "Psychological warfare?: Games banned for showing Pakistan as terrorist haven". The Express Tribune. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.