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Most of the inter-parliamentary institutions are part of an intergovernmental organization. Such branches of intergovernmental organizations are typically established in order to provide for representation of citizens, rather than governments who are represented in other bodies within the organization. Most of the inter-parliamentary institutions have an assembly comprising members of the national legislatures (whose members are directly elected in most cases).
Most of the inter-parliamentary institutions do not hold legislative power and have a consulting or informal cooperation-stimulating role. When the intergovernmental organization chooses to operate through a hybrid system of not only intergovernmentalism, but also supranationalism an organization-level legislature is established (or a predecessor inter-parliamentary institution is granted legislative power) in the form of international parliament. Members of international parliaments could be assigned in the same way as members of inter-parliamentary institutions or in cases of more advanced supranationalism they could be directly elected.
List of inter-parliamentary institutions
Since 1949, more than 40 parliamentary assemblies have been brought into being.
- The initially consultative European Parliamentary Assembly of ECSC, EEC and Euratom subsequently was renamed, gained legislative powers and became directly elected.
- Multiple regional organizations in Latin America such as the Rio Group, Latin American Economic System and Latin American Integration Association have similar membership.
- Multiple regional organizations in the British Isles have similar membership.
- The Asian Cooperation Dialogue continental organization has similar membership.
- Parliamentary Assembly established by the Cotonou Agreement between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States.
- Related to the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership initiative of the EU's European Neighborhood Policy.
- There are proposals to transform the Pan African Parliament into a directly elected international parliament with legislative powers.
- Established by the parliaments of the European Union, Mercosur, Andean Community, Central American Integration System, Mexico, Chile and the Latin American Parliament.
- The Mercosur Parliament is expected to transform into a directly elected international parliament in 2014.
- Related to the Eastern Partnership initiative of the EU's European Neighborhood Policy.
- There are cases of national assemblies also lacking legislative power such as the Consultative Assemblies of Oman and Qatar.
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