"ICE V" redirects here. For the form of water ice, see Ice V. For internal combustion engine vehicle, see ICEV.
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Deutsche Bundesbahn had been operating InterCity trains at up to 200 km/h (120 mph) since 1977. The following year, research into even higher speeds began. At the DB works in Munich-Freimann, a workgroup called Forschungsgruppe Rad-Schiene was founded to evaluate the feasibility of high-speed traffic on conventional rail systems.
After several trials with conventional locomotive-pulled trains and the construction of a roller dynamometer test bench capable of reaching speeds of up to 500 km/h (310 mph), it was decided in September 1982 to build a trainset, with the locomotives permanently fixed to the carriages, to evaluate the specific concept of such a train.
The delivery of the ICE 1 powercars (now called Class 401), based on those of the ICE-V started in 1987. After that, the train was mainly used for material evaluation. The train was retired in 1998 and its powercars and cars were placed on exhibition at various sites. It was replaced by the ICE S.