Interamna Lirenas

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Interamna Lirenas
Interamna Lirenas is located in Lazio
Interamna Lirenas
Shown within Lazio
Region Lazio
Coordinates 41°26′25.404″N 13°47′13.9452″E / 41.44039000°N 13.787207000°E / 41.44039000; 13.787207000
Type settlement
History
Founded 312 BC
Cultures Roman Republic
Site notes
Excavation dates 2010-2012
Archaeologists Martin Millett; Alessandro Launaro
Condition ruined
Public access yes

Interamna Lirenas was an ancient Roman colony near the current Pignataro Interamna, in the southern province of Frosinone, central Italy.[1]

History[edit]

Interamna Lirenas was founded in 312 BC as a colony of Latins in an area perhaps already housing Volscan settlements, on the route of the Via Latina.[2] It was situated at the confluence of the Liri and Rio Spalla Bassa rivers, whence the name "Interamna" (meaning "between the rivers").[3]

Interamna Lirenas served as a military base during the Samnite Wars, leading to its destruction by the Samnites in 294 BC.[4] It was again ravaged by Hannibal in 212 BC; since it later sided with Carthage, after the Carthaginian defeat at Zama in 202 BC it was forced by Rome to pay heavy tribute. It became a municipium in 90 BC. The site received further settled veterans ca. 40 BC.[5]

Archaeological remains include numerous inscriptions and a few remains of buildings.[6] The archaeological site has been sampled by use of geophysical techniques (including magnetometry), leading to the discovery of the site of a Roman theater.[7][8]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Interamna Lirenas". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 683. 
  2. ^ Salmon, E.T. 1955. "Roman Expansion and Roman Colonization in Italy." Phoenix 9.2:63-75.
  3. ^ Purcell, N., DARMC, R. Talbert, S. Gillies, T. Elliott, J. Becker. "Places: 432884 (Interamna Lirenas)". Pleiades. Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  4. ^ John R. Patterson (7 December 2006). Landscapes and cities: rural settlement and civic transformation in early imperial Italy. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-814088-7. 
  5. ^ Alessandro Launaro (19 May 2011). Peasants and Slaves: The Rural Population of Roman Italy (200 BC to AD 100). Cambridge University Press. pp. 132–. ISBN 978-1-107-00479-5. 
  6. ^ Eliodoro Savino (2005). Campania tardoantica (284-604 d.C.). Edipuglia srl. pp. 187–. ISBN 978-88-7228-257-1. 
  7. ^ Hay, S., Launaro, A., Leone, N. and Millett, M. 2012. "Intermana Lirenas e il suo territorio. Indagine archeologiche non invasive 2010." In Lazio e Sabina 8. Edizione Quasar. pp 603-9
  8. ^ Roman Colonial Landscapes project http://www.classics.cam.ac.uk/Research/projects/rcl