|Service type||Passenger train|
|First service||26 March 1956|
|Last service||31 August 1991|
|Former operator(s)||State Rail Authority|
|Distance travelled||956 kilometres|
|Service frequency||daily in each direction|
|Line(s) used||Main South, NSW|
North East, Victoria
|Rolling stock||RUB sets|
On 26 March 1956 the New South Wales Government Railways and Victorian Railways introduced connecting daytime services named the Sydney–Melbourne (Melbourne–Sydney) Daylight Express. From Sydney a three times per week service was introduced, returning from Albury the following day. From Melbourne a three times per week non-stop service operated in the morning, returning in the evening.
From 24 September 1956 both were extended to operate daily Monday to Saturday. Total journey time between the capitals was 13 hours 20 minutes. The New South Wales train consisted of a 42 class locomotive hauling a nine carriage air-conditioned RUB set. The Victorian portion had a B class locomotive hauling eight air-conditioned S and Z carriages including the round-ended car ex Spirit of Progress, formerly known as Parlor car and renamed to Lounge car but later Club car, attached to the rear.
Following the completion of the standard gauge to Melbourne, the New South Wales train was extended to Melbourne from 16 April 1962. Named Inter-Capital Daylight, the train was formed of a nine carriage New South Wales Government Railways RUB set later extended to eleven carriages. The trains were initially hauled by New South Wales 44 class and the Victorian S class locomotives. During the 1970s the 422 class became the rostered power in New South Wales while the X class shared the Victorian duties with the S class.
A typical consist in the late 1980s would be Locomotive-HFZ-VFK-VFK-ABS, or Locomotive-RS-BDS-SDS-SDS, with either a PHN or PHS power van attached.
From 1982 through working was introduced with the 422 class rostered to operate the services throughout. Class 442s occasionally operated the service in the mid 1980s during the time they were permitted to operate in Victoria. Other mainline locomotives were regularly used. Following a ban being placed by the Victorian branch of the Australian Federated Union of Locomotive Enginemen on non-air-conditioned locomotives in Victoria, from February 1990 the service was rostered for 81 class and G class locomotives. The superior power of these locomotives was negated by them being limited to 100 km/h (vs 115 km/h) in Victoria due to the condition of the track. By this stage the journey time was 12 hours 30 minutes.
The train length varied from 7 to 13 carriages, with V/Line Z type carriages also appearing from February 1990. A motorail facility was introduced in October 1987 but due to low loadings withdrawn in 1990 on the train.
Since mid-1990 the State Rail Authority and V/Line had been discussing the replacement of the stock with an XPT from 1993. However, with deregulation of the Australian airline industry, patronage dropped to around 30%. A decision was made to cancel the service with the last service operating on 31 August 1991. Appropriately the last services were hauled in New South Wales by 44 class 4458/27 on the Melbourne bound service and 4465/69 on the Sydney bound service, while X class X37 handled the Victorian duties.
- The Intercapital Daylight 1956–1991 Banger, Chris Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June;July 2001 pp203–219;243–267
- Leo J Harrigan (1962). Victorian Railways to '62. Public Relations and Betterment Board. p. 261.
- "The Intercapital Daylight" Railway Digest November 1991 page 396
- Julian Insall (October 1992). "A reflection on the Intercapital Daylight". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division). pp. 316–319.
- Newsrail November 1990, pg190
- "ARHS Railway Museum: Victoria 1950 – Now". ARHS Railway Museum. Archived from the original on 8 February 2007. Retrieved 5 February 2008.
- "Motorail on Daylight" Railway Digest December 1987 page 393
- "The end of the Daylight" Railway Digest November 1991 page 402
- "Sydney–Melbourne Daylight XPT Commences This Month" Railway Digest December 1994 page 7