Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation

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Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation
Type Broadcast commercial radio and television network
Country Philippines
Availability National
Founded March 1, 1960
by Dick Baldwin
0.15% (Nielsen Urban National TAM January–June 2016)[1]
Owner Government of the Philippines
(Presidential Communications Office) (100%)
Parent Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation
Key people
Manolito "Lito" Ocampo-Cruz (President and CEO)
Jose Avellana (Chairman)
Jaime Alanis, Diosdado Marasigan, Ernesto Maipid, Jr., Jose Raphael Hernandez, Lauro Vizconde, Arturo Alejandrino (Board of Directors)
Dave Fulgoso (Finance Manager)
Launch date
March 1, 1960; 57 years ago (1960-03-01) (as Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation)
February 1, 1975; 42 years ago (1975-02-01) (as Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation)
Former names
Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation (1960-1975)
Islands TV-13 (1990-1992)
Picture format
NTSC 480i (4:3 SDTV)
Language Filipino (main)
English (secondary)

Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) is a Philippine-based media company and VHF television network of the Government Communications Group under the Presidential Communications Operations Office. Its studios are located at Broadcast City, Capitol Hills, Diliman, Quezon City. It is one of two government-owned and controlled television stations in the country.

History[edit]

Beginnings as Inter-Island 13[edit]

DZTV Channel 13 started broadcasts on March 1, 1960 at 6:30pm under the Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation through the tri-media conglomerate of RMN-IBC-Philippine Herald owned by Andrés Soriano, Sr., the then owner of San Miguel Corporation. The station had relay transmitters to bring its programs to viewers in Cebu and Davao. In between 1970 and 1972, IBC launched its color transmission system named "Vinta Color" named after the Vintas from Zamboanga, becoming the third network in the Philippines to convert to all-color broadcasts, after ABS-CBN and RPN.

American Dick Baldwin was the station's first owner, and programming first consisted of mostly foreign programs from CBS, and a few local shows. Andres would only acquire the network in 1962. After the declaration of Martial Law, ABS-CBN veteran Ben Aniceto took over the station manager post of Channel 13 from 1973–1976.[2]

Relaunch as Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation[edit]

On February 1, 1975, due to a constitutional limitation prohibiting the ownership of media by non-Filipinos or corporations not 100% Filipino owned, Inter-Island 13 split off from the Sorianos and the Canoys (the owners of RMN), and was renamed Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) and moved to Benedicto Group of Companies by the late Roberto S. Benedicto (1916–2000), who purchased the network consisting of the Manila station and other relay stations in Cebu and Davao. IBC also opened its FM station DWKB-FM the same year. Marking the relaunch, the network debuted its vinta logo, which would be used until 1978 in two iterations. In 1976, IBC metamorphosed into one of the country's most viewed TV network with its primetime lineup and full length local and foreign films aired on this channel. This catapulted IBC in the number one slot among 4 rival networks, and also emphasized that the network became the birthplace of the Golden Age of Philippine Television.

Through the blood and sweat of its employees and the income generated from its programs, the network built and finally moved to its present home at the modern Broadcast City, together with its sister networks RPN and BBC in July 1978. The complex was a 55,000 square metre tract located at Capitol Hills, Diliman, Quezon City.

Post-EDSA Revolution[edit]

After the EDSA Revolution, IBC, with 20 television stations that time, was sequestered by the government. A board of administrators was created to run the station. All of the stocks and assets of IBC, and its sister networks RPN-9 and BBC-2 were sequestered by the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG).

President Corazon Aquino turned over IBC and RPN to the Government Communications Group and awarded BBC through an executive order to ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation. When BBC closed down, IBC absorbed majority of its displaced employees, thus doubled the operating expenses of the network. Cost of programs went up three-fold. Line-produced shows and co-production ventures with some big film companies like Viva, Regal, and Seiko were favored, aside from their station-produced programs. The top rated shows of IBC were pirated by rival networks. Cost of programs, talent fees and TV rights increased tremendously. IBC could no longer afford to produce its own shows. In 1987, IBC was renamed as E13 and its slogan Life Begins at 13 noted for the butterfly logo in the form of the letter E and the number 13. In 1989, E13 was renamed back as IBC.

IBC took on a new image at the same year, Pusong Pinoy, Pusong Trese (Heart of Filipino, Heart of Thirteen), to recapture the glory days it once had. But because of the sequestration, periodic change of management and the internal problems, the network started to lose the support from its advertisers.

Islands TV-13[edit]

Islands Broadcast Corporation under Mr. Alfonso Denoga and Mr. Gil Balaguer took over the management and the marketing of IBC (which came to be known as Islands TV-13) in October 1990, when the time IBC 13 was dead last in the ratings. It was in the later part of its operations that ratings and income suffered due to mismanagement which caused labor unrest. In March 1993, the Makati RTC issued the court order stopping Islands for being the marketing and sales agent of IBC due to unpaid financial obligations to the network as the contract of Islands expired on February 28, 1993.[3]

Return of Operations[edit]

Logo used from May 27, 1994 to December 31, 2001. The design of the stylized "13" is a descendant of the one found in the station logo design used in the 1970s and 1980s.

In October 1992, Islands TV-13 was renamed back as IBC and became a 100% government owned station by virtue of a compromise agreement between PCGG and Roberto Benedicto, management and marketing were returned to the IBC Board of Directors. The programming remained at a standstill in preparation for the launching of a new image of the station.

It was on May 27, 1994 when IBC launched its new slogan Pinoy Ang Dating (The Coming of Filipino, literally translated as Filipino styled) with a Filipino-like visually enticing music video (with Grace Nono as the composer and singer of the same song), an innovation in terms of station identification. Despite limited resources, programming improved but the battle for audience share continued. Advertisers became more responsive to marketing efforts. The said ident won the Gawad CCP Award for Best Station Identification in the said year.[4] The following year, IBC began to broadcast its programs nationwide via "Nationwide Satellite Broadcast".[5]

In 1996, Vintage Enterprises transferred to IBC as part of the launching of Vintage Television (VTV), a Primetime slot that aired on IBC with PBA Games, Blow by Blow and other Vintage Sports-produced programs after leaving another Government-owned station, People's Television Network (PTV). later in the year 2000, Viva Entertainment's subsidiary Viva Television acquired Vintage Enterprises (including VTV on IBC Primetime block) from the Velez family and changed its name to Viva TV is a Primetime Sports and Entertainment block on IBC, as its major program and continued until 2002. Rehabilitation of the transmitter and other technical facilities where initiated in the network's flagship and provincial stations. However, in early 2003, Viva TV on IBC Primetime block went Off the Air after Viva decided did not renew a blocktime agreement with IBC to air the Viva TV Primetime block due to high blocktime costs and low ratings. Viva Main Event is its only program which still airs in IBC recently, as it became part of the TV5 sports programming block AKTV, making Viva Sports own a mere 20% of the block. On July 16, 2012, Viva TV went back on the air after a 9 years hiatus as a 24-hour all-Filipino general Entertainment channel on Cable and Satellite, Viva TV has been available on most major cable/satellite systems in the Philippines distributed by Viva Entertainment. At the same time, IBC also installed a new Harris 60-kilowatt transmitter for clearer TV reception, and utilized the services of the APSTAR 1 Satellite for a broader international reach.

On January 1, 2002, IBC launched its new logo and its new slogan New Face, New Attitude with a new station ID.

Logo used from December 12, 2003 to June 4, 2011.

On December 12, 2003, IBC launched again its new logo and its new slogan Ang Bagong Pilipino (The New Filipino) with a freestyle station ID.

In late 2007, IBC Management inked a deal with the Makisig Network, led by Hermie Esguerra. Makisig was accepted as a primetime block-timer of IBC. However, Makisig Network's programs were not aired due to questions on the propriety of the terms and conditions of the agreement. Said agreement expired in October 2008.

Abandonment and privatization[edit]

After four decades of serving the network's dominance and entertainment programing, IBC-13's studios and facilities are abandoned due to negligence and their network's mismanagement. Their studio equipment, cameras, lighting and props are useless, dilapidated and very old. Cash and budgets were cut short and they cannot afford to utilize radio-TV operations. Their programming and airtime were lost after suffering from a network war in the late 1980s and the 1990s and many employees lost their jobs. The network suffered more than 800 million pesos worth of backwages to its employees, some of them are old-timers or those who worked in the network since the 1980s.[6]

At present, IBC 13 has 200 regular employees as of 2016, while 29 of those are talents or in a "contractual basis", particularly from the news and public affairs and production.[7]

The management tried to revive the ill-fated network but it failed thereafter during the 5 administrations span for 30 years (Aquino, Ramos, Estrada, Arroyo, Aquino III).

There were many plans to sell and privatize IBC and its sister station RPN.[8] TV network ABS-CBN was planning to buy the network's blocktime to address signal problems and mimic the former's programs. However, ABS-CBN could not join the privatization bid due to ownership regulations.[9]

IBC has entered into a joint venture agreement with Prime Realty, an affiliate of R-II Builders Group of Reghis Romero Jr. The agreement called for the development of 3.5 hectares of Broadcast City.[10] With this joint venture agreement with a private business enterprise, the Aquino administration expressed its desire to privatize both RPN and IBC and retain the People's Television (PTV) as a sole-mandated government TV network.[11][12]

It has been announced that conglomerate San Miguel Corporation will join the government-sponsored bidding for the privatization of RPN and IBC.[13][14]

Relaunch and privatization bids[edit]

IBC signed a blocktime agreement with TV5's sports division Sports5 to air live sports coverage via its sports programming block AKTV.[15][16] It was launched last June 5, 2011, with the AKTV Run held outside SM Mall of Asia in Bay City, Pasay.

At the same day, IBC launched a new logo & slogan Where the Action Is to reflect the change.[17]

However, in a statement released on April 11, 2013, MediaQuest chairman Manny Pangilinan announced that AKTV will no longer renew the blocktime agreement in May due to high costs and poor ratings,[18] and there has been doubts about the future of the network.

However, according to a news article dated September 26, 2012, former IBC president Eric Canoy hinted that in pursuant to AO 26 which restored its archives, hopefully IBC could reair them as IBC Classics.[19]

IBC recently signed a memorandum of agreement with the Asian Television Content Corporation under Engr. Reynaldo Sanchez as the major blocktimer of the station. ATC @ IBC primetime block with newest programs premiered last June 2, 2014. However, on August 31, 2014, programs under the ATC @ IBC 13 block suddenly no longer aired on the network, possibly due to poor ratings and lack of advertisers' support.[20][21][22]

PCOO Secretary Herminio Coloma, Jr. said in a Senate budget hearing for the PCOO last September 3, 2014 that the network will be fully privatized before President Aquino stepping down in the office in 2016 and keeping PTV-4 as the sole government TV network. Process of the privatization will be managed by the Governance Commission for Government-Owned or -Controlled Corporations through the Development Bank of the Philippines. Business tycoon Manny V. Pangilinan is one of the possible bidders for the privatization in which TV5 (a media company under PLDT's MediaQuest Holdings through ABC Development Corporation), despite expiration of blocktime agreement in 2013 (AKTV), is still using IBC's Broadcast City facilities for sports events, including its 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup coverage.[23][24] However, MediaQuest also could not join the privatization bid due to ownership rules and regulations that MediaQuest owns TV5 and AksyonTV.

In January 2016, President Benigno Aquino III, through the Governance Commission for Government-owned and -controlled corporation (GCG) appoved the planned privatization of IBC.[25] The privatization will be undergo public bidding with an estimated floor price of 10 billion pesos.[6] The proceeds of the bidding will be for the increase of state-owned PTV-4's capital to upgrade and modernize their broadcast capabilities.[26] The Development Bank of the Philippines will be the financial adviser for the privatization. Incoming PCOO secretary Martin Andanar has already forwarded the privatization plan to President Rodrigo Duterte's executive secretary Salvador Medialdea. Andanar will also coordinate with the GCG before the start of the bidding.[27]

The privatization process of IBC 13 will be commenced in October 2017. As of December 2016, five groups have already showed their interest to join the bidding process. These are Ramon Ang of San Miguel Corporation and the groups of former IBC president (and current RMN President/CEO) Eric Canoy and former Ilocos Sur governor Chavit Singson, Dennis Uy of Phoenix Petroleum and William Lima, a businessman from Davao.[7][28][29]

As of March 2017, IBC currently operated on a low powered signal it continues the broadcast from cable and satellite providers. On October 2017, IBC begins its test broadcast on digital terrestrial television.

Property venture issues[edit]

On June 2, 2015, the Philippine Crusader for Justice (PCJ), led by Joe Villanueva, filed a petition to the Supreme Court of the Philippines to nullify the joint venture agreement between IBC and Primestate/R-II Builders for the development of 3.5 hectares of Broadcast City, after the Office of the Ombudsman found the contract to be disadvantageous to the government. The Ombudsman filed a graft case in 2013 against former IBC executives and Primestate.[30]

Programming[edit]

IBC Stations Nationwide[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Media Ownership Monitor Philippines - IBC-13". Reporters Without Borders. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "ABS-CBN's post-EDSA boss Ben Aniceto passes away". ABS-CBN News. March 21, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Court stopped TV-13 marketing agent". Manila Standard. March 19, 1993. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  4. ^ surf reyes (13 February 2011). "IBC 13- "Pinoy Ang Dating".mov" – via YouTube. 
  5. ^ sandiessss (25 June 2014). "IBC13 - Station ID 1995 ver.2" – via YouTube. 
  6. ^ a b "Duterte govt eyes sale of IBC-13 for P10B". ABS-CBN News. June 17, 2016. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Monzon, Alden M. (March 22, 2016). "Invitation to bid for IBC-13 expected in April". BusinessWorld. Retrieved March 24, 2016. 
  8. ^ PCGG urges gov’t to fast-track sale of RPN-9, IBC-13 ABS-CBNnews.com. 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  9. ^ Mirror,Mirror on the Airwaves Inquirer.net. 2011-02-11. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
  10. ^ San Miguel still keen on IBC-13, RPN-9 PhilStar.com. 12-26-2011. Retrieved 12-26-2011.
  11. ^ Coloma: Privatization of RPN 9, IBC 13 in the works GMANews.TV. 03-01-2011. Retrieved 03-01-2011.
  12. ^ Aquino government set to privatize RPN-9, IBC-13 MB.com.ph. 03-01-2011. Retrieved 03-01-2011.
  13. ^ San Miguel to join bidding for RPN-9, IBC-13 PhilStar.com. 03-06-2011. Retrieved 03-06-2011.
  14. ^ San Miguel Corp. announces plan to bid for RPN-9 and IBC-13 PEP.ph. 03-06-2011. Retrieved 03-06-2011.
  15. ^ TV5 airs primetime sports block AKTV on IBC-13 PhilStar.com. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
  16. ^ AKTV Official Website Archived 2011-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. retrieved via www.interaskyon.com/aktv 05-11-2011
  17. ^ MediaQuest keen on IBC-13 retrieved via www.philstar.com 04-04-2011
  18. ^ [1] "PhilStar.com". Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  19. ^ [2] "PhilStar.com". Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  20. ^ "IBC New Shows". YouTube. March 28, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Asian Television Content Phl Corp. launches top-notch TV programs". Philippine Star. June 1, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014. 
  22. ^ Rio, Cindy Del (14 May 2014). "ATC Takes a Bite at Philippine TV Primetime - Negosentro". 
  23. ^ "IBC-13 to be privatized before Aquino steps down – Coloma". Rappler. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014. 
  24. ^ "TV5 using IBC-13 facilities". BusinessMirror. September 17, 2014. Archived from the original on December 4, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Gov't TV station 'bulok,' says incoming PCOO chief Andanar". ABS-CBN News. June 7, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016. 
  26. ^ "President Aquino approves privatization of IBC-13". Official Gazette. January 25, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  27. ^ Leyco, Chino (June 17, 2016). "New gov't eyes higher price tag for IBC-13". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  28. ^ Salaverria (December 26, 2016). "Chavit Singson eyes IBC network". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  29. ^ Andal, Rudy (December 27, 2016). "Chavit, 3 pa interesado sa IBC 13 (Chavit, 3 others interested in IBC-13)" (in Tagalog). Pilipino Star Ngayon. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  30. ^ Carcamo, Dennis (June 2, 2015). "Group to ask SC to void deal between IBC-13, real estate firm". The Philippine Star. Retrieved June 2, 2015.