The interdental plate refers to the bone-filled mesial-distal region between the teeth. The word "interdental" is a combination of "inter" + "dental" (meaning "between the teeth") which originated in approximately 1870. In paleobiology, the presence or absence of the interdental plate can determine the place of an animal in the evolutionary scale, and paleontologists use the interdental plate when trying to classify a new specimen. Thecodont reptiles and theropod dinosaur fossils have an interdental plate, whereas acrodont reptiles such as Sphenodontia do not. Its presence in Archaeopteryx, an extinct avian, resulted in the proposal of the dinosaur-bird connection.
The term can also be used to refer to a manufactured object designed to be placed or worn between the teeth. An example would be a dental prosthetic designed to prevent contact between the teeth while the wearer is sleeping. US 6702765 relates to an apparatus designed to measure the pressure exerted by the tongue as a means of diagnosing ailments related to swallowing.
- Interdental consonant
- Interdental lisp
- Interdental woodstick
- Unvoiced interdental fricative
- Voiced interdental fricative
- Voiceless interdental fricative
- Budney, LISA A.; Caldwell, Michael W.; Albino, Adriana (2006). "TOOTH SOCKET HISTOLOGY IN THE CRETACEOUS SNAKE DINILYSIA, WITH A REVIEW OF AMNIOTE DENTAL ATTACHMENT TISSUES". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 26: 138–145. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[138:TSHITC]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0272-4634.
- "Interdental". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- Tooth Implantation. Palaeos.com. Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
- Aguglia, U; Gambardella, A; Quattrone, A (1991). "Sleep-induced masticatory myoclonus: a rare parasomnia associated with insomnia.". Sleep. 1991 Feb;14(1) (1): 80–2. PMID 1811324.
- US 6702765, "Apparatus for measuring tongue/hard palate contact pressure", issued 2006-03-09