Provisional government

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Provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a very large government. The early provisional governments were created to prepare for the return of royal rule. Irregularly convened assemblies during the English Revolution, such as Confederate Ireland (1641–49), were described as "provisional". The practice of using "provisional government" as part of a formal name can be traced to Talleyrand's government in France in 1814. The numerous provisional governments during the Revolutions of 1848 gave the word its modern meaning: A liberal government established to prepare for elections. The most notable provisional government was the Russian Provisional Government in 1917

Provisional governments are generally appointed and tend to arise in association with or in the aftermath of civil or foreign wars. In a time of crisis a collapsed government may reform with provisional status under a coalition. The establishment of provisional governments is frequently tied to the implementation of transitional justice.[1] Decisions related to transitional justice can determine who is allowed to participate in a provisional government.[2]

Examples of provisional governments active in the 20th and 21st centuries are:

Provisional governments were also established throughout Europe as occupied nations were liberated from Nazi occupation by the Allies.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ McAuliffe, Padraig (09/01/2010). "Transitional Justice and the Rule of Law". ague Journal of the Rule of Law. doi:10.1017/S1876404510200015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Dyzenhaus, David (2001–2004). "udicial Independence, Transitional Justice and the Rule of Law". Otago Law Review. 
  3. ^ Sayigh, Yezid (1999). Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949–1993 (illustrated ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 624. ISBN 9780198296430.  "The Palestinian National Council also empowered the central council to form a government-in-exile when appropriate, and the executive committee to perform the functions of government until such time as a government-in-exile was established."
  4. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 67 Resolution 19. A/RES/67/19 {{{date}}}. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  5. ^ "The Palestinian Authority".