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An interim is a provisional or temporary intervening period of time.

In projects, an interim report is often compiled to analyze how the project is proceeding, before its final completion. Interim analysis is important in medical trials, to ensure that the patients are not exposed to unnecessary danger during the trial.

An interim constitution is a constitution that has not been completely ratified but serves as a temporary law until a permanent is made.

An interim official or leader is a person who is filling official role temporarily. This can be in between two other people, or when the normal person is temporarily unable to do it and somebody else must fill in temporarily or without following the ordinary protocol. For example, a school can have an interim principal, a congregation an interim spiritual leader, or a country an interim prime minister or president. The synonymous term "acting" is frequently used as well to refer to a temporary occupant of an office or position. The primary task of interim (and acting) officials is to ensure both the stability and continuity of the institution despite the absence of a formal leader. A specific usage of this term is the interim leader in Canadian politics. Other examples include after ww2 Donitz was leader of Germany following downfall.

Interim management is used by businesses in trouble, which need extra management resources to control the crisis or change the direction of the company. An interim manager is a person who provides temporary managerial support usually at executive level to an organization and the achievement of its business objectives.

An interim solution is a solution to bridge a connection between two different things. This is usually associated with computer networking and the interim solutions between different network protocols.

A ceasefire is sometimes called an interim, as it interrupts the progress of a war. This usage is particularly used with agreements during the wars of religion in 16th-century Germany, in which three interims were called to convene synods:

The term "Interim Agreement" is used to describe either the first or second Oslo Accords of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.

An interim government is frequently organized following a revolution or sudden death, when there has not been time to nominate, designate, or elect a government formally. Such a government may also be called a provisional government. Examples include:

An interim constitution is a constitution which has not been completely ratified but serves as the law until a final constitution can be drafted. These may also be called provisional constitutions. Examples include: