Internal auditory meatus

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Internal auditory meatus
Gray138.png
Right temporal bone. Inner surface.
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Diagrammatic view of the fundus of the right internal acoustic meatus.
Details
Systempetrous part of the temporal bone of the skull
Identifiers
Latinmeatus acusticus internus
TA98A02.1.06.033
TA2671
FMA53163
Anatomical terms of bone

The internal auditory meatus (also meatus acusticus internus, internal acoustic meatus, internal auditory canal, or internal acoustic canal) is a canal within the petrous part of the temporal bone of the skull between the posterior cranial fossa and the inner ear.

Structure[edit]

The opening to the meatus is called the porus acusticus internus or internal acoustic opening. It is located inside the posterior cranial fossa of the skull, near the center of the posterior surface of the petrous part of the temporal bone. The size varies considerably. Its outer margins are smooth and rounded.

The canal which comprises the internal auditory meatus is short (about 1 cm) and runs laterally into the bone.

The lateral (outer) aspect of the canal is known as the fundus.[1] The fundus is subdivided by two thin crests of bone to form three separate canals, through which course the facial and vestibulocochlear nerve branches.[citation needed] The falciform crest first divides the meatus into superior and inferior sections; a vertical crest (Bill's bar, named by William F. House) then divides the upper passage into anterior and posterior sections.[2] Although there are three osseous canals, the fundus is conceptually divided more commonly into four quadrant areas according to the four major nerve branches of the inner ear:

  • anterior superior - facial nerve area (contains facial nerve and nervus intermedius)
  • anterior inferior - cochlear nerve area (contains cochlear nerve)
  • posterior superior - superior vestibular area (contains superior division of vestibular nerve)
  • posterior inferior - inferior vestibular area (contains inferior division of vestibular nerve)

The cochlear and vestibular branches of cranial nerve VIII separate according to this schema and terminate in the inner ear. The facial nerve continues traveling through the facial canal, eventually exiting the skull at the stylomastoid foramen.

Function[edit]

The internal auditory meatus provides a passage through which the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII), the facial nerve (CN VII), and the labyrinthine artery (an internal auditory branch of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery in 85% of people) can pass from inside the skull to structures of the inner ear and face. It also contains the vestibular ganglion.

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 143 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Kozerska, M; Skrzat, J (2015). "Anatomy of the fundus of the internal acoustic meatus — micro-computed tomography study". Folia Morphol. 74, 3 (3): 352–358. doi:10.5603/FM.2015.0053. PMID 26339817.
  2. ^ Brennan, Peter Prof.; Standring, Susan; Wiseman, Sam (5 November 2019). Gray's Surgical Anatomy E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 155. ISBN 9780702073885. Retrieved 20 March 2022.

External links[edit]