Internalizing disorder

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An internalizing disorder (or internalising disorder) is one type of emotional and behavioral disorder, along with externalizing disorders, and low incidence disorders.[1] One who has an internalizing disorder will keep their problems to themselves, or internalize the problems.

Symptoms[edit]

Behaviors that are apparent in those with internalizing disorders include depression, withdrawal, anxiety, and loneliness.[1] There are also behavioral characteristics involved with internalizing disorders. Some behavioral abnormalities include poor self-esteem, suicidal behaviors, decreased academic progress, and social withdrawal.[2] Internalizing one's problems, like sadness, can cause the problems to grow into larger burdens such as social withdrawal, suicidal behaviors or thoughts, and other unexplained physical symptoms.[3]

DSM-5[edit]

The internalizing disorders, with high levels of negative affectivity, include depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, trauma and stressor-related disorders, and dissociative disorders.[4][5] Others like bulimia, and anorexia also come under this category.[1]

Treatment[edit]

Some treatments for internalizing disorders include antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychotherapy.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Smith, D.D. "Emotional or Behavioral Disorders Defined". education.com. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Internalizing Symptoms and Affect of Children with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders". studymode.com. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  3. ^ DiMaria, Lauren. "Internalizing Behaviors and Depression". about.com. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Regier, Darrel A.; Kuhl, Emily A.; Kupfer, David J. (June 2013). "The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes". World Psychiatry. 12 (2): 92–98. doi:10.1002/wps.20050. PMC 3683251Freely accessible. PMID 23737408. 
  5. ^ Turygin, Nicole C.; Matson, Johnny L.; Adams, Hilary; Belva, Brian (August 2013). "The effect of DSM-5 criteria on externalizing, internalizing, behavioral and adaptive symptoms in children diagnosed with autism". Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 16 (4): 277–282. doi:10.3109/17518423.2013.769281. PMID 23617257. 
  6. ^ "Depression". helpguide.org. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 

External links[edit]