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Internalizing disorder

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An internalizing disorder (or internalising disorder) is one type of emotional and behavioral disorder, along with externalizing disorders, and lower incidence disorders.[1] People who have an internalizing disorder will keep their problems to themselves, or internalize the problems.

Signs and symptoms[edit]

Behaviors that are apparent in those with internalizing disorders include depression, withdrawal, anxiety, and loneliness.[1] There are also behavioral characteristics involved with internalizing disorders. Some behavioral abnormalities include poor self-esteem, suicidal behaviors, decreased academic progress, and social withdrawal.[2] Internalizing one's problems, like sadness, can cause the problems to grow into larger burdens such as social withdrawal, suicidal behaviors or thoughts, and other unexplained physical symptoms.[3]


The internalizing disorders, with high levels of negative affectivity, include depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, trauma and stressor-related disorders, and dissociative disorders, [4][5] bulimia, and anorexia come under this category, [1] as do dysthymia, and somatic disorders (in Huberty 2017) and posttraumatic stress disorder (in Huberty 2004).


Some treatments for internalizing disorders include antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychotherapy.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Smith, D.D. "Emotional or Behavioral Disorders Defined". education.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Internalizing Symptoms and Affect of Children with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders". studymode.com. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  3. ^ DiMaria, Lauren. "Internalizing Behaviors and Depression". about.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  4. ^ Regier, Darrel A.; Kuhl, Emily A.; Kupfer, David J. (June 2013). "The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes". World Psychiatry. 12 (2): 92–98. doi:10.1002/wps.20050. PMC 3683251. PMID 23737408.
  5. ^ Turygin, Nicole C.; Matson, Johnny L.; Adams, Hilary; Belva, Brian (August 2013). "The effect of DSM-5 criteria on externalizing, internalizing, behavioral and adaptive symptoms in children diagnosed with autism". Developmental Neurorehabilitation. 16 (4): 277–282. doi:10.3109/17518423.2013.769281. PMID 23617257.
  6. ^ "Depression". helpguide.org. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.


Internalizing Disorder. Encyclopedia of Adolescence: sciencedirect.com. 2011. - Huberty 2004, 2017

External links[edit]