International African Service Bureau
The International African Service Bureau (IASB) was a pan-African organisation founded in London in 1937 by West Indians George Padmore, C. L. R. James, Amy Ashwood Garvey, T. Ras Makonnen and Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and Sierra Leonean labour activist and agitator I. T. A. Wallace-Johnson. Chris Braithwaite (also known as Jones), was Secretary of this organisation.
The bureau emerged from the International African Friends of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and intended to address issues relating to Africa and the African diaspora to the British general public. Similar in design and organization to the West African Youth League, the IASB also sought to inform the public about the grievances faced by those in colonial Africa and created a list of desired reforms and freedoms that would help the colonies. The bureau also hoped to encourage new African trade unions to affiliate themselves with the British labour movement. To further its interest, it held weekly meetings at Hyde Park, where members discussed labor strikes in the Caribbean and Ethiopia. It also supplied speakers to branches of the Labour Party, trade unions and the League of Nations Union and provided questions to be asked in front of Parliament regarding legislation, working conditions and trade union regulations.
The IASB journal, International African Opinion, was edited by C. L. R. James.
The organisation lasted until about 1945.
- Hooker, James (1967), Black Revolutionary: George Padmore's Path from Communism to Pan-Africanism, New York: Praeger Publishers, OCLC 1992688.
- Padmore, George (1956), Pan-Africanism or Communism? The Coming Struggle for Africa, London: Dennis Dobson, OCLC 939578
- Spitzer, Leo; Denzer, LaRay (1973), "I. T. A. Wallace-Johnson and the West African Youth League", The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 6 (3): 413–452, doi:10.2307/216610, JSTOR 216610.
- Spitzer & Denzer 1973, p. 446.
- Padmore 1957, p. 147.
- International African Services Bureau report for 1937, 6 March 1938.
- Spitzer & Denzer 1973, p. 448.
- Tony Martin, The Pan-African Connection: From Slavery to Garvey and Beyond, The Majority Press, 1984, p. 168.
- Marika Sherwood, "Ending British Rule in Africa: Writers in a Common Cause" (review), Reviews in History, December 2009.
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