International Association of Genocide Scholars
The International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) is an international non-partisan organization that seeks to further research and teaching about the nature, causes, and consequences of genocide, and to advance policy studies on the prevention of genocide. A central aim of the association is to draw academics, activists, artists, genocide survivors, journalists, jurists, and public policy makers into the study of genocide.
The association, founded in 1994 by Israel Charny, Helen Fein (its first president), Robert Melson, and Roger Smith, focuses on comparative research, recent works, case studies, the links between genocide and other human rights violations, and prevention and punishment of genocide. This information is published in Genocide Studies and Prevention, the official peer-reviewed academic journal of the association.
The International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) was founded in 1994. Initially, the organization was called the Association of Genocide Scholars. The Association’s first conference was held in 1995 at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. In recognition of the rapid growth and global interest in genocide studies, the organization was renamed the International Association of Genocide Scholars in 2001. Since 2003, the IAGS has hosted conferences all over the world. In 2006, the IAGS launched its official journal, Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal. The 2019 IAGS conference will be held in Cambodia.
The origins of the IAGS go back to the early 1980s. At this time, a small group of scholars and teachers were using a comparative framework to study genocide. Leo Kuper published his seminal book Genocide in 1980 and Helen Fein published Accounting for Genocide in 1979.
Israel Charny organized the first conference on the comparative analysis of genocide in Jerusalem in 1982. The Institute for the Study of Genocide was founded in New York in 1982 by Helen Fein. Prof. Gregory Stanton founded The Cambodian Genocide Project in 1982 to bring Khmer Rouge leaders to justice. It became part of Genocide Watch in 1999.
These early genocide scholars, a number of whom began with study of the Holocaust, were attacked by other scholars who insisted on the “uniqueness” of the Holocaust.
The pioneers in genocide studies also confronted institutional pressures. For example, it was a challenge to get platforms in traditional conferences such as the American Historical Association, the International Studies Association, the American Sociological Association, etc.
Traditional academic disciplines did not find room for the interdisciplinary nature of genocide studies, so universities seldom had faculty positions for genocide scholars.
However, what had been a marginalized area of study became one of urgent interest and scholarship as a response to the genocides in Rwanda and the Balkans in 1994 and 1995.
The Association of Genocide Scholars
The idea for an organization of genocide scholars grew out of a meeting between Israel Charny, Helen Fein, Robert Melson and Roger Smith at the Remembering for the Future Two conference, held at Humboldt University in Berlin in 1994. With over 500 persons in attendance and numerous panels and presentations, there was only one three-hour session on the comparative study of genocide. Hence, there was discussion of the need to create an organization that focused on the study and prevention of genocide.
The Association of Genocide Scholars (AGS) was established in 1994. During this initial period, the AGS shared a website and affiliation with the Institute for the Study of Genocide. The organization’s first conference was held in 1995 at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA, with about 45 persons attending. Helen Fein served as the association’s first President. Subsequent biennial conferences were held at Concordia University (Montreal) in 1997, the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1999, and the University of Minnesota in 2001.
With the rapid growth and global interest in genocide studies, a number of scholars pushed for a more international perspective and argued that conferences should held outside North America. The organization revised its by-laws in 2001 and was renamed the International Association of Genocide Scholars. The revised bylaws provided that at least one officer be from outside North America, and that biennial conferences regularly be held outside North America.
The International Association of Genocide Scholars
The IAGS conference at the University of Galway, Ireland in 2003 was the first held outside North America. There were over 200 participants, with a significant increase in participation by European scholars. The increase also reflected growing scholarship in comparative genocide studies. In 2005, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, hosted the IAGS conference.
In 2006, the IAGS, in partnership with the Zoryan Institute of Toronto, Canada began publication of Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal. It became an on-line publication, free to all, in 2012.
In 2007, Gregory Stanton, founding President of Genocide Watch, became President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars. The IAGS was incorporated and accorded non-profit status. It launched the organization’s website: www.genocidescholars.org. Its bylaws and financial practices were legalized. The 2007 IAGS biennial conference was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia. It was the first IAGS conference to be held in a country that had recently experienced genocide, with major participation from genocide survivors in their own language. Over 500 people attended the conference, including many participants from Bosnia, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. The 2009 IAGS conference was held at George Mason University, Virginia, USA.
The association held its first conference in South America in 2011 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It included over 300 participants, a significant number of whom were from Argentina and other Latin American countries. The 2013 IAGS conference was held in Siena, Italy. The IAGS’s European membership has grown substantially.
In 2014 the IAGS held a conference at the University of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It was the first conference to focus on the genocide of Native Americans. It included sessions with these First Peoples on their own land. The 2015 IAGS Biennial Meeting held in Yerevan, Armenia focused on the Armenian Genocide. The 2017 conference in Brisbane, Australia focused on the genocide of the Aboriginal peoples of Australia.
The 2019 IAGS conference will be held in Cambodia. It will focus on the Cambodian Genocide and other Asian genocides and will include significant participation from Cambodians. It will be the first IAGS conference held in Asia.
In 1997, the association unanimously passed a formal resolution affirming the Armenian Genocide, and also sent an open letter to the Prime Minister of Turkey. In December 2007 the organization passed another resolution reaffirming the Armenian Genocide and officially recognizing both the Greek and Assyrian Genocides. The IAGS has also passed resolutions condemning Iran's denial of the Holocaust and incitements for destruction of Israel (2005), condemning repression and the Gukurahunde genocide in Zimbabwe (2005), calling for forceful UN intervention in Darfur (2005), condemning Syria's attacks on civilians (2012), and declaring that ISIS is committing genocide against Yezidis, Christians, Shi'a, and other religious and ethnic groups in Iraq and Syria (2016).
Officers of the association in 2017-2019 are:
Henry C. Theriault, President
Adam Muller, First Vice President
Melanie O'Brien, Second Vice-President
Amy Fagin, Secretary-Treasurer
Stephanie Wolfe, New Media Officer
Kerry Whigham, Communications Officer
Timothy Williams, Emerging Scholar Representative
The following persons have been president of the association:
- Helen Fein
- Roger Smith
- Frank Chalk
- Joyce Apsel
- Robert Melson
- Israel W. Charny
- Gregory H. Stanton
- William Schabas
- Alexander Hinton
- Daniel Feierstein
- Andrew Woolford
- Forsythe, David P. (2009). Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Oxford University Press. pp. 4–. ISBN 978-0-19-533402-9.
- Totten, Samuel (2007). The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide: An Annotated Bibliography. Routledge. pp. 1097–. ISBN 978-0-415-95358-0.
- Totten, Samuel; Pedersen, Jon E. (January 2012). Educating about Social Issues in the 20th and 21st Centuries: A Critical Annotated Bibliography. IAP. pp. 422–. ISBN 978-1-61735-572-1.
- Bartrop, Paul R. (30 July 2012). A Biographical Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide. ABC-CLIO. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-313-38679-4.
- Ball, Howard (2011). Genocide: A Reference Handbook. ABC-CLIO. p. 271. ISBN 978-1-59884-488-7.
- "IAGS Journal". Homepage. International Association of Genocide Scholars. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- "History | International Association of Genocide Scholars". www.genocidescholars.org. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
- Lewy, Guenter (15 April 2012). Essays on Genocide and Humanitarian Intervention. University of Utah Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-60781-187-9.
- MacDonald, David B. (2008). Identity Politics in the Age of Genocide: The Holocaust and Historical Representation. Routledge. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-415-43061-6.
- Henham, Ralph; Behrens, Paul (1 February 2013). The Criminal Law of Genocide: International Comparative and Contextual Aspects. Ashgate Publishing. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-4094-9591-8.
- International Association of Genocide Scholars Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Resolutions | International Association of Genocide Scholars". www.genocidescholars.org. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
- "Executive Board | International Association of Genocide Scholars". www.genocidescholars.org. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
- "Past Boards | International Association of Genocide Scholars". www.genocidescholars.org. Retrieved 2018-12-02.