International Association of National Public Health Institutes

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The International Association of National Public Health Institutes (IANPHI) is a member organization of national public health institutes (NPHIs), public health government agencies working to improve national disease prevention and response. IANPHI is made up of 100+ members, located in more than 90 countries.[1] An important goal of IANPHI is to improve health outcomes by strengthening NPHIs or supporting countries in creating new NPHIs.

As of 2021 IANPHI’s president is Prof. Duncan Selbie, former chief executive of Public Health England. The IANPHI Secretariat is based at Santé Publique France, and the US Office is located at the Emory University Global Health Institute in Atlanta, GA. The IANPHI Foundation is located in Finland at the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare. Coordinated by Secretary General Jean Claude Desenclos, the IANPHI team is responsible for member relations and programs, policy, communications and NPHI development projects, and the IANPHI annual meeting.

At its inception (2002-2006), IANPHI received seed funds from the Rockefeller Foundation and a one-year planning grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF). BMGF subsequently awarded multi-year funds for IANPHI's development and to support projects to build NPHIs in low- and middle-income countries. Resources have since been contributed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention[2] A recent role for IANPHI has been to work with the Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) project.[3]

The National Public Health Institute model[edit]

The national public health institutes (NPHI) model, exemplified by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), Public Health Agency of Canada, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública of Mexico (INSP Mexico), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation of Brazil (FIOCRUZ Brazil) and others, is an effective and cost-efficient way to systematically develop and sustain national public health systems. NPHIs have been major contributors to reductions in morbidity and mortality from infectious and noncommunicable conditions. Many, including the U.S. CDC and the National Institute for Health and Welfare (Finland), have developed over several decades, while others, including NPHIs in Liberia and Canada, were created following threats such as Ebola and SARS, in recognition that a coordinated system with a specialized institution is needed to effectively respond to disease threats.

NPHIs usually lead national efforts for disease surveillance and outbreak investigation (to monitor population health trends and detect and resolve outbreaks), laboratory services (to identify and confirm disease threats), health programs (including recommendations for immunizations and maternal and child health initiatives), and public health workforce development and research (including new treatments and technologies). NPHIs are designed to give governments the ability to assess and address major acute and long-term disease threats in a country using scientific, evidence-based policies and strategies, as well as create a career home for public health researchers and scientists, thereby fostering the evidence-based approaches necessary to ensure that government policies are based on scientific evidence rather than politics.

History and activities[edit]

In 2002, the directors of nearly 30 NPHIs met in Bellagio, Italy to share best practices and discuss opportunities for collaboration. In 2004, the group reconvened in Helsinki and declared its intention to forge an alliance.[4]

IANPHI was formally launched at the first General Assembly in Brazil in January 2006, with 39 founding members and a one-year grant from the Gates Foundation. Under a subsequent five-year grant from the Gates Foundation awarded in late 2006, the membership has expanded to 100 institutes in 88 countries around the world.[4]

IANPHI's activities fall into three areas:[5]

  • Projects (targeting investments to create or strengthen NPHIs in low-resource countries)
  • Policy (developing a framework, tools and policy papers for public health system strengthening)
  • Leadership development (creating an international community of NPHI directors)

Peer-to-Peer Partnerships[edit]

One of IANPHI's distinctive features and strengths is a peer-assistance approach that facilitates sharing of expertise and experience among member NPHIs.[6] The model clearly benefits the recipient NPHI by identifying strategies to address priority needs and raising standards of performance for organizing and conducting public health functions. But it rewards the contributing institute as well – by sharing skills and assets to benefit others while also linking resources and solutions to address regional and global health threats and opportunities.

For the network of IANPHI members, the model provides unique opportunities for NPHIs to link with others that are geographically or linguistically similar or are struggling with similar technical or programmatic issues, such as information system development or pandemic preparedness. This collaborative approach also provides a platform for developing research or programs to address shared issues, whether laboratory safety or avian influenza, tobacco use or injury.

Recent peer-to-peer partnerships include:

List of IANPHI members[edit]

  1. Afghanistan: Afghan Public Health Institute[7]
  2. Albania: Public Health Institute[8]
  3. Algeria: Institut National de Santé Publique (INSP)
  4. Angola: National Institute of Public Health
  5. Argentina: National Laboratories and Health Institutes Administration (ANLIS)[9]
  6. Armenia: National Center for Disease Control
  7. Armenia: Armenian National Institute of Health
  8. Austria: Gesundheit Österreich GmbH (GÖG)
  9. Bangladesh: Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control & Research - IEDCR[10]
  10. Belgium: Sciensano[11]
  11. Bolivia: Health Laboratories National Institute (INLASA)
  12. Brazil: Oswaldo Cruz Foundation - FIOCRUZ[12]
  13. Bulgaria: National Center of Public Health and Analyses (NCPHA)
  14. Burkina Faso: Institut National de Sante Publique (INSP)
  15. Burundi: National Institute of Public Health
  16. Cabo Verde: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Pública (INSP)
  17. Cambodia : National Institute of Public Health[13]
  18. Cameroon: Direction de la Lutte Contre la Maladie, les Epidemies, et les Pandemies (DLM)
  19. Canada: Public Health Agency of Canada[14]
  20. Canada: Institut national de santé publique du Quebec
  21. China: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention[15]
  22. China: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong[16]
  23. Colombia: National Institute of Public Health[17]
  24. Costa Rica: National Institute for Research on Nutrition and Health[18]
  25. Côte d'Ivoire : National Institute of Public Health
  26. Croatia: Croatian Institute for Public Health[19]
  27. Cuba: Institute of Tropical Medicine "Pedro Kouri"[20]
  28. Czech Republic: National Institute of Public Health[21]
  29. Denmark: Statens Institut for Folkesundhed
  30. Denmark: Statens Serum Institut (SSI)
  31. Ecuador: National Institute of Public Health Research[22]
  32. El Salvador: National Institute of Public Health[23]
  33. Estonia: National Institute for Health and Development[24]
  34. Ethiopia : Ethiopian Public Health Institute [25]
  35. Finland: National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)[26]
  36. France: Santé publique France
  37. Georgia: Georgia National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC)
  38. Germany: Robert Koch Institute[27]
  39. Germany: Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung (BZgA)
  40. Ghana: Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research[28]
  41. Ghana: Ghana Health Service[29]
  42. Guatemala: Centro Nacional de Ciencias de la Salud (CNCS)
  43. Guinea: Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire (ANSS)
  44. Guinea: National Institute of Public Health Guinea (Guinea NPHI)
  45. Guinea Bissau: National Institute of Public Health (INASA)
  46. India: National Centre for Disease Control[30]
  47. Iran Islamic Republic: Institute of Public Health Research
  48. Ireland: The Institute of Public Health in Ireland[31]
  49. Israel: Israel Center for Disease Control
  50. Italy: National Institute of Health[32]
  51. Jordan: Jordan Ministry of Health
  52. Kazakhstan: National Center for Public Healthcare
  53. Kenya: Kenya Medical Research Institute[33]
  54. Kenya: Kenya National Public Health Institute
  55. Liberia: National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL)
  56. Libya: Libya National Centre for Disease Control
  57. Macedonia FYR: Institute for Public Health of the R. Macedonia
  58. Madagascar: Ministère de la santé publique
  59. Malawi: Public Health Institute of Malawi [34]
  60. Mexico: National Institute of Public Health[35]
  61. Moldova: National Center of Public Health[36]
  62. Mongolia : National Center for Public Health[37]
  63. Morocco: Pasteur Institute of Morocco[38]
  64. Morocco: National Institute of Hygiene[39]
  65. Morocco: Direction of Epidemiology and Disease Control
  66. Mozambique: National Institute of Health
  67. Myanmar: National Health Laboratory[40]
  68. Myanmar: Ministry of Health and Sports[41]
  69. Nepal: School of Public Health and Community Medicine B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences[42]
  70. Netherlands: Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment[43]
  71. Nigeria: Nigerian Institute of Medical Research NIMRNigerian Institute of Medical Research[44]
  72. Nigeria: Nigeria Centre for Disease Control
  73. Nigeria: National Primary Health Care Development Agency[45]
  74. Norway: Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  75. Pakistan: Pakistan National Institute of Health
  76. Palestine: Palestinian National Institute of Public Health
  77. Panama: Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies[46]
  78. Papua New Guinea: National Department of Health[47]
  79. Peru : Peruvian National Institute of Health[48]
  80. Poland : National Institute of Public Health[49]
  81. Portugal: Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine[50]
  82. Portugal: National Institute of Health INSA[51]
  83. Republic of Korea: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention[52]
  84. Russian Federation: National Research Center for Preventive Medicine[53]
  85. Rwanda: Institute of HIV/AIDS, Diseases Prevention and Control
  86. Saudi Arabia: Centers for Disease Control
  87. Serbia: Institute of Public Health of Serbia[54]
  88. Sierra Leone: Ministry of Health & Sanitation
  89. Slovenia: National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ)
  90. Somalia: National Institute of Health (NIH)
  91. South Africa: National Institute for Communicable Diseases - NICD[55]
  92. Spain: Carlos III Health Institute[56]
  93. Sudan: National Public Health Institute[57]
  94. Sweden: Public Health Agency of Sweden
  95. Syria: Center for Strategic Health Studies
  96. Tanzania: National Institute for Medical Research - NIMR[58]
  97. Thailand: National Institute of Health
  98. Timor Leste: National Institute of Public Health
  99. Togo: National Institute of Hygiene[59]
  100. Tunisia: National Institute of Health[60]
  101. Turkey: Refik Saydam Hygiene Center[61]
  102. Uganda: Uganda Virus Research Institute UVRI [62]
  103. Uganda: Uganda National Institute of Public Health
  104. Ukraine: Public Health Center of Ukraine[63]
  105. United Kingdom England: Public Health England (PHE)
  106. United Kingdom Wales: Public Health Wales
  107. United States: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention[64]
  108. Vietnam: National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology - NIHE[65]
  109. Zambia: Zambian National Public Health Institute
  110. Zimbabwe: National Public Health Institute

Organization[edit]

IANPHI is managed by an executive board and secretariat. Executive board members consider and vote on issues of strategic direction and policy and on project and funding recommendations. There are currently 14 active members on the executive board:[66]

  1. Duncan Selbie - IANPHI President, Former Chief Executive, Public Health England, United Kingdom
  2. Meerjady Sabrina Flora - IANPHI Vice President, Former Director General, Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research and National Influenza Center, Bangladesh
  3. André van der Zande - Immediate Past President, IANPHI, Former Director General, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands
  4. Martha Lucia Ospina - Director, Instituto Nacional de Salud, Colombia
  5. George F. Gao - Director, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China
  6. Ebba Abate - Director, Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI), Ethiopia
  7. Lothar H. Wieler - President, Robert Koch Institute, Germany
  8. Juan Rivera Dommarco - Director, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Mexico
  9. Camilla Stoltenberg - Director General, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway
  10. Akhmetov Valikhan Isaevich - Former Director, National Centre for Public Healthcare, Kazakhstan
  11. Abdullah Algwizani - Chief Executive Officer, Saudi Centers for Disease Control, Saudi Arabia
  12. Aamer Ikram - Executive Director, National Institute of Health, Pakistan
  13. Sabin Nsanzimana - Director General, Rwanda Biomedical Center, Rwanda
  14. Markku Tervahauta - Director General, Finnish Institute of Health and Welfare, Finland

Emeritus Members

  1. Igbal Abukarig - Director, Public Health Institute, Sudan
  2. Paulo Buss - Former President, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation/FIOCRUZ, Brazil[67]
  3. Reinhard Burger - President, Robert Koch Institute, Germany
  4. David Butler Jones - Director, Public Health Agency of Canada[68]
  5. Cesar Cabezas - Director, National Institute of Health, Peru
  6. L. S. Chauhan - Director, National Centre for Disease Control, India
  7. Rajae El Aouad - Former Director, National Institute of Hygiene, Morocco[69]
  8. Naima El Mdaghri - Director General, Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Morocco
  9. Mohammed Hassar - Former Director, Institute Pasteur du Maroc, Morocco
  10. Mauricio Hernández-Avila - IANPHI Immediate Past President, Former Director, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico
  11. Oni Idigbe - Former Director General & Director of Research, Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Nigeria
  12. Ilesh Jani - Director General, National Institute of Health, Mozambique
  13. Amha Kebede - Director, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Ethiopia
  14. Jeffrey Koplan, IANPHI Senior Advisor, Vice President for Global Health, Emory University, USA
  15. Justin McCracken - Former Chief Executive, Health Protection Agency, United Kingdom
  16. Tsehaynesh Messele - Former Director General, Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Ethiopia
  17. Pekka Puska - Former IANPHI President, Former Director General, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
  18. Mahmudur Rahman - Director, Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control, and Research, Bangladesh
  19. Amabelia Rodrigues - Former President, National Institute of Public Health, Guinea Bissau
  20. Mario Henry Rodriguez - Former General Director, National Institute of Public Health, Mexico
  21. Pathom Sawanpanyalert - Former Director General, National Institute of Health
  22. Barry Schoub - Former Executive Director, National Institute of Communicable Diseases, South Africa
  23. Marc Sprenger - Director, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Netherlands
  24. Geir Stene-Larsen - Director General, Norwegian Institute of Public Health
  25. Gregory Taylor - Chief Public Health Officer, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canada
  26. Jaroslav Volf - Former Director, National Institute of Public Health, Czech Republic
  27. Yu Wang - Director-General, Centers for Disease Control, China
  28. Jane Wilde - Former Chief Executive, Institute of Public Health in Ireland

The IANPHI Secretariat is based at the Santé Publique France, and the US Office is located at the Emory University Global Health Institute in Atlanta, GA.[70]

IANPHI long-term projects[edit]

IANPHI's long-term projects help public health systems in low-resource countries respond to modern public health challenges, improve outcomes, and support healthy populations and strong economies. These intensive multi-year engagements develop and strengthen national public health institutes (NPHIs), moving them forward on a continuum from those least developed to those with a comprehensive and coordinated scope of public health responsibilities. Currently, IANPHI has ongoing long-term projects in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Togo.[71]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IANPHI, OUR MEMBERS, http://ianphi.org/membercountries/index.html
  2. ^ IANPHI, HISTORY. http://www.ianphi.org/whatwedo/history.html
  3. ^ IANPHI, "Champions for Addressing Childhood Mortality." http://www.ianphi.org/news/2016/gpb.html
  4. ^ a b "History". ianphi.org. Archived from the original on 2013-04-28. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
  5. ^ [1] Archived October 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
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  50. ^ "IHMT - Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical". unl.pt.
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  53. ^ "Государственный научно-исследовательский центр профилактической медицины". gnicpm.ru.
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  55. ^ "National Institute for Communicable Diseases". nicd.ac.za.
  56. ^ "Instituto de Salud Carlos III". isciii.es.
  57. ^ "Public Health Institute". phi.edu.sd.
  58. ^ "NIMR Tanzania". nimr.or.tz.
  59. ^ "inhtogo". inhtogo.tg.
  60. ^ National Institute of Health of Tunisia, http://www.insp.rns.tn/
  61. ^ "Atatürk Üniversitesi". atauni.edu.tr.
  62. ^ Uganda Virus Research Institute
  63. ^ https://phc.org.ua/
  64. ^ "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention".
  65. ^ "WWW.NIHE.ORG.VN - Viện Vệ sinh Dịch tễ Trung ương". nihe.org.vn.
  66. ^ "Executive Board". ianphi.org.
  67. ^ "Paulo Buss". ianphi.org.
  68. ^ "David Butler-Jones". ianphi.org.
  69. ^ "Rajae El Aouad". ianphi.org.
  70. ^ "Secretariat". ianphi.org.
  71. ^ [3] Archived September 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]