International Astronautical Congress

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61st International Astronautical Congress in Prague, Czech Republic (2010)

Every year, the International Astronautical Federation together with the International Academy of Astronautics and the International Institute of Space Law (IISL), holds the International Astronautical Congress (IAC) which is hosted by one of the national society members of the IAF.

They are an annual meeting of the actors in the discipline of space, and are generally held in late September or early October. They consist of plenary sessions, lectures and meetings. The IAC is attended by the agency heads and senior executives of the world's space agencies.

As the Second World War came to an end, the United States and the Soviet Union began to divide due to their differences in ideology and the governance of their country. As the Cold War began to take shape, communication between the two countries became less frequent. Both countries turned their focus to achieving military superiority over the other.

The International Astronautical Federation was formed six years after the Iron curtain fell by scientists from all over Europe in the field of space research in order to collaborate once more. During the years of the Space Race, the IAF was one of the few forums where members of both East and West Europe could meet during the annual International Astronautical Congresses.[1]

Founding Organizations[edit]

  • Argentina: Sociedad Argentina Interplanetaria (Argentianian Interplanetary Society)
  • Austria: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung (Austrian Society for Space Research)
  • France: Groupement Astronautique Français (French Astronautic Group)
  • Germany: Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung Stuttgart (Society for Space Research Stuttgart), Gesellschaft für Weltraumforschung Hamburg (Society for Space Research Hamburg)
  • Italy: Associazione Italiana Razzi (Italian Rocket Association)
  • Spain: Asociación Española de Astronáutica (Spanish Astronautical Association)
  • Sweden: Svenska Interplanetariska Sällskapet (Swedish Interplanetary Society)
  • Switzerland: Schweizerische Astronautische Arbeitsgemeinschaft (Swiss Astronautical Association)
  • United Kingdom: British Interplanetary Society
  • United States: American Rocket Society, Detroit Rocket Society, Pacific Rocket Society, Reaction Research Society[1]

International Astronautical Federation Governance[edit]

The International Astronautical Federation is a non-profit non-governmental organization created in 1951. Under French law, the IAF is defined as a federation of member organizations where a General Assembly is responsible for making decisions.

IAF General Assembly[edit]

The IAF general Assembly is in charge of governing the Federation. Composed of delegates from every member organization, the assembly is responsible for voting to approve all major decisions regarding the Federation’s rules and regulations as well as the acceptance of new member organizations. The General Assembly meets during the International Astronautical Congress.[2]

IAF Bureau[edit]

The IAF Bureau is responsible for organizing the IAF General Assembly and consists of:

The IAF President

12 IAF Vice-Presidents

The IAF Executive Director

The IAF General Counsel

The IAF Honorary Secretary

The President of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA)

The President of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL)

Special advisers to the President

IAF Secretariat[edit]

This branch is in charge of running the administration of the Federation.

Locations of recent and future International Astronautical Congresses (IAC)[edit]

International Astronautical Congresses normally takes place during the first half of October. In 2002 and 2012 the World Space Congress combined the IAC and COSPAR Scientific Assembly.[citation needed]

  • 2019 – Washington DC, USA; 70th IAC
  • 2018 – Bremen, Germany; 69th IAC
  • 2017 – Adelaide, Australia; 68th IAC (September 25–29, 2017)[3]
  • 2016 – Guadalajara, Mexico; 67th IAC (September 26–30, 2016)[4]
  • 2015 – Jerusalem, Israel; 66th IAC (October 12–16, 2015)
  • 2014 – Toronto, Canada; 65th IAC (September 29 – October 3, 2014)
  • 2013 – Beijing, China; 64th IAC (September 23–27, 2013)
  • 2012 – Naples, Italy; 63rd IAC (October 1–5, 2012)
  • 2011 – Cape Town, South Africa; 62nd IAC (October 3–7, 2011)
  • 2010 – Prague, Czech Republic; 61st IAC (September 27 – October 1, 2010)
  • 2009 – Daejeon, South Korea; 60th IAC (October 12–16, 2009)
  • 2008 – Glasgow, United Kingdom; 59th IAC (September 29 – October 3, 2008)
  • 2007 – Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India; 58th IAC (September 24–28, 2007)
  • 2006 – Valencia, Spain; 57th IAC (October 2–6, 2006)
  • 2005 – Fukuoka, Japan; 56th IAC (October 16–21, 2005)
  • 2004 – Vancouver, Canada; 55th IAC (October 4–8, 2004)
  • 2003 – Bremen, Germany; 54th IAC (September 29 – October 3, 2003)
  • 2002 – Houston, Texas, United States; 2nd World Space Congress (October 10–19, 2002)
  • 2001 – Toulouse, France; 52nd IAC (October 1–5, 2001)
  • 2000 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 51st IAC (October 2–6, 2000)
  • 1999 – Amsterdam, The Netherlands; 50th IAC (October 4–8, 1999)
  • 1998 – Melbourne, Australia; 49th IAC (September 28 – October 2, 1998)
  • 1997 – Torino, Italy; 48th IAC (October 6–10, 1997)
  • 1996 – Beijing, China; 47th IAC (October 7–11, 1996)
  • 1995 – Oslo, Norway; 46th IAC (October 2–6, 1995)
  • 1994 – Jerusalem, Israel; 45th IAC (October 9–14, 1994)
  • 1993 – Graz, Austria; 44th IAC (October 16–22, 1993)
  • 1992 – Washington, D.C., USA; 43rd IAC (August 28 – September 5, 1992)
  • 1991 – Montreal, Canada; 42nd IAC (October 5–11, 1991)
  • 1990 – Dresden, Germany; 41st IAC (October 6–12, 1990)
  • 1989 – Malaga, Spain; 40th IAC (October 7–13, 1989)
  • 1988 – Bangalore, India; 39th IAC (October 8–15, 1988)
  • 1987 – Brighton, United Kingdom; 38th IAC (October 10–17, 1987)
  • 1986 – Innsbruck, Austria; 37th IAC (October 4–11, 1986)
  • 1985 – Stockholm, Sweden; 36th IAC (October 7–12, 1985)
  • 1984 – Lausanne, Switzerland; 35th IAC (October 8–13, 1984)
  • 1983 – Budapest, Hungary; 34th IAC (October 10–15, 1983)
  • 1982 – Paris, France; 33rd IAC (September 27 – October 2, 1982)
  • 1981 – Rome, Italy; 32nd IAC (September 6–12, 1981)
  • 1980 – Tokyo, Japan; 31st IAC (September 21–28, 1980)[5]
  • 1979 – Munich, Germany; 30th IAC (September 17-22, 1979)
  • 1978 – Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia; 29th IAC (October, 1-8, 1978)
  • 1977 – Prague, Czechoslovakia; 28th IAC (September 25 – October 1, 1977)
  • 1976 – Anaheim, California, USA; 27th IAC (October 10–16, 1976)
  • 1975 – Lisbon, Portugal; 26th IAC (September, 21-27 1975)
  • 1974 – Amsterdam, Netherlands; 25th IAC (September 30 - October 5, 1974)
  • 1973 – Baku, USSR; 24th IAC (October, 7-13, 1973)
  • 1972 – Vienna, Austria; 23rd IAC (October 8–15, 1972)
  • 1971 – Brussel, Belgium; 22nd IAC (September 20–25, 1971)
  • 1970 – Constance, Germany; 21st IAC (October 4-9, 1970)
  • 1969 – Mar del Plata, Argentina; 20th IAC (October 5-10, 1969)
  • 1968 – New York, USA; 19th IAC (October 13-18, 1968)
  • 1967 – Belgrade, Yugoslavia; 18th IAC (September 24-30, 1967)
  • 1966 – Madrid, Spain; 17th IAC (October 9-15, 1966)
  • 1965 – Athens, Greece; 16th IAC (September 13–18, 1965)
  • 1964 – Warsaw, Poland; 15th IAC (September 7–12, 1964)
  • 1963 – Paris, France; 14th IAC (September 25 – October 1, 1964)
  • 1962 – Varna, Bulgaria; 13th IAC (September 19-23, 1962)
  • 1961 – Washington, D.C., USA; 12th IAC (October 1-7, 1961)
  • 1960 – Stockholm, Sweden; 11th IAC (October 7-12, 1960)
  • 1959 – London, United Kingdom; 10th IAC (August 31 – September 5, 1959)
  • 1958 – Amsterdam, Netherlands; 9th IAC (August 25-30, 1958)
  • 1957 – Barcelona, Spain; 8th IAC (October 6-12, 1957)
  • 1956 – Rome, Italy; 7th IAC (September 17-22, 1956)
  • 1955 – Copenhagen, Denmark; 6th IAC (August 2-6, 1955)
  • 1954 – Innsbruck, Austria; 5th IAC (August 2–7, 1954)
  • 1953 – Zurich, Switzerland; 4th IAC (August 3–8, 1953)
  • 1952 – Stuttgart, Germany; 3rd IAC (September 1-5, 1952)
  • 1951 – London, United Kingdom; 2nd IAC (September 3–8, 1951)
  • 1950 – Paris, France; 1st IAC (September 30 - October 2, 1950)

References[edit]

External links[edit]