International Bank of Azerbaijan
|Open Joint Stock Company|
|Founded||10 January 1992|
|Products||Consumer banking, corporate banking, finance and insurance, credit and debit cards|
|Revenue||US$ 630 million (2012)|
|US$ 282 million (2012)|
|US$ 67 million (2012)|
|Total assets||US$ 9.79 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||US$ 600 million (2013)|
Number of employees
|1,304 (June 30, 2013)|
|Subsidiaries||IBA-Moscow, International Bank of Azerbaijan-Georgia|
The International Bank of Azerbaijan is a global financial institution serving consumers, pensioners, small businesses, multi-national corporations and investors. The bank enjoys a unique position in the history of its nation: the institution has played a key role in bringing the country of Azerbaijan, a “new” country with an ancient heritage and culture, into the 21st century’s global economy.
- 1 Bank History
- 2 Financial
- 3 History
- 4 Services
- 5 Corporate affairs
- 6 Operations
- 7 Syndicated Murabaha financing entity
- 8 Public affairs
- 8.1 Awards and recognition
- 8.2 Community involvement
- 8.3 Cross-promotions
- 8.4 Memberships
- 8.5 Partnerships
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
One hundred years ago, Azerbaijan was a global economic power, producing more than half of the world's oil. Nearly a century of Soviet oppression, ending with the fall of the Soviet Union, damaged the country's economic capacity. Like many former Soviet republics, the country faced an extremely difficult task in securing its own governance and building an economy after gaining independence in 1991.
IBA's beginnings and its growth since that time have been anchored alongside the growth and rebuilding of the country, its administration and a capitalistic economy. The bank is the same age as the current independent country of Azerbaijan (both began in 1992).
After the Soviet Union dissolved, Azerbaijan's society transformed into a free-market, democratic state. Although heavily controlled and 50% owned by the country's government, the bank was able to accomplish what no other large company in Azerbaijan could: expand and connect its people and money to the larger world and partner with some of the most successful, admired, global financial brands: American Express, MasterCard, and Visa.
The bank’s growth in the period 2001-2013 has been notable. Assets have increased from 1.93 billion AZN to 7.681 billion AZN ($9.8 billion US), an increase of 397%, paralleling, but slightly better than Azerbaijan’s GDP growth of 374% (both in constant manats) over the same period. The bank’s net income increased to 126.9 million AZN last year, a 235% growth rate.
All this reinforces the International Bank of Azerbaijan’s position as a fiscal foundation and one of the leading economic engines of its country. Additionally, IBA is helping connect the country's people and businesses with those from other nations, including the United States.
In 2014, IBA holds the following rankings among banks worldwide:
- Capital: #776
- Assets: #722
- Capital adequacy ratio: #546
- Return on equity: #447
- Return on assets: #520
According to a report issued by the bank on July 1, 2014, IBA's assets increased over 25 percent during 2014 to over AZN 8 billion. Other updated financial figures included:
- Loan portfolio: Increased 23.4 percent to AZN 5.5 billion.
- Individual loans: Totalled at AZN 563 million.
- Revenue: First the first two quarters of 2014, the bank made over AZN 330 million in revenue.
- Profit: Net profit for the first two quarters of 2014 was AZN 29.7 million.
In 2013, the bank's assets increased to 7.17 billion AZN. On January 1, 2014, the bank's loan portfolio amounted to over 5 billion AZN. The loan portfolio dollar amount great by 30 percent between 2012 and 2013.
Deposits at IBA have increased 20.2% since the beginning of 2012. Total deposits amount to 1.165 billion manat.
In November 2012, shareholders voted to pay over 63 percent of undistributed profits as dividends. Approximately 8.6 million manat will be paid out as dividends. For 2009, 2010, and 2010, the bank's net profit amounted to 200.958 million manat. Revenues equaled 1.2 billion manat.
As of July 1, 2012, IBA held the following sector positions:
- 35% of banking market in Azerbaijan
- 30% of the loan portfolio market
- 35% of the total deposit portfolio
- Long term foreign currency senior unsecured debt
- Long-term foreign currency subordinated debt
- Long-term local and foreign currency deposits
- Standalone financial strength
- Aggregate capital increased by 40% to AZN 720 million.
- Assets increased by 17.5% to AZN 5.891 billion.
- Authorized capital increased by 38% to AZN 331 million.
- Credit portfolio increased by 28.8% to AZN 4 billion.
- Loans to individuals increased to AZN 476 million.
- Net income increased by 80% to AZN 43.4 million.
- Revenue increased to AZN 377.8 million.
- Total capital increased by 78.3% to AZN 747 million.
The bank's portfolio information for 2012-2013 includes the following:
As of July 31, 2013, the bank’s assets amounted to AZN 6.42 billion. This figure amounted to an increase of over 25% over the prior year.
See the Subsidiaries section above.
Major loan activity
In 2012, IBA signed a 5-year bilateral loan agreement for US $145 million. The bank entered the Islamic financing market in 2013 with an initial investment of US $120 million.
Total credit portfolio
The bank holds over 34 percent of the total credit portfolio in Azerbaijan.
|History of the International Bank
The bank began in 1990 as a branch office of Russian bank “Vneshekonombank” (RUS: Внешэкономбанк). In 1992, the office grew into a full joint-stock bank.
The bank began relationships with both Visa and MasterCard in 1997, and the bank began issuing bank cards using those systems.
The few years after 2000 marked a period of growth and international recognition for IBA.
In 2002, the bank accomplished many growth initiatives, including:
- Creating the Azerbaijani insurance company International Insurance Company, which remains the country's largest insurance provider (in terms of paid-in capital) as of October 2013;
- Opening two subsidiary banks in Russia and Georgia;
- Entering the World Economic Forum "Community of Growth Companies" as a full member;
- Offering American Express cards.
The IBA management team laid a foundation for growth in the 2000s. Chairman Hajiyev led the bank to international prominence, and by 2010, the bank was recognized as entering the world stage as a major player. The bank opened many international representative offices in the 2000s, including offices in the London, Frankfurt, Luxembourg, and Dubai.
In 2010, IBA participated in the United Nations 7th Meeting of the Global Compact Working Group on the 10th Principle against Corruption.
Corporate customer services
The bank offers various types of bank accounts for business customers.
The bank offers a number of business loans, including business project financing, loans syndication, and long-term loans.
IBA buys and sells various currencies by offering a currency exchange.
The bank works with business customers to set up e-commerce services on the business’ website. The e-commerce system allows customers to use a Visa or MasterCard to buy merchandise and services online.
The bank’s full-service online banking system is called InternetBank.
The bank also offers businesses and their employees a “salary card.” An employer puts money onto the card for an employee’s salary, bonuses, and any other types of pay.
The bank offers a suite of corporate banking services called “settlement services.” The services includes accounts that use more than one currency, "salary cards,” cash deposits and withdrawal, money transfers and online account management.
Individual customer services
The bank also provides “micro-loans,” which are loans up to 5,000 manat for customers age 20-65. Individuals can also apply for regular short-term and long-term personal loans.
Individual customers can do online banking with IBA’s InternetBank system. Customers can pay bills online to various Azeri companies like Aztelekom, Azercell, Alfanet, and AzEuroTel. Customers can also set up automatic, recurring monthly payments. Customers can also make online purchases through the WebMoney, a service similar to PayPal.
For retired customers who receive pensions, the bank offers a service called Pension+. The bank gives interest-free loans of 100 manat or more. Repayments for the loan are made automatically when the customer gets their next pension deposit. Additionally, the IBA offers safety deposit boxes.
The bank runs a private banking service for wealthy individuals called “Prestige Club,” a personal banking service aimed at wealthy customers. IBA started the service in 2011. Members of the club get personal assistance with all areas of life, such as business, leisure, travel, home and family.
In late 2013, the bank’s Russian branch, IBA-Moscow, started a service called the Multi-Family Office Prestige Club. The service provides private banking services such as consulting, tax and investment help. Fagan Naghiyev serves as the head of Prestige Club Private Banking at IBA-Moscow.
The bank has described Prestit as a personal banking service “designed to organize all processes in all areas of life” such as business, property, inheritance, and travel. Some of the services are only available for people who have over $50,000 USD in their account.
The Azerbaijan Ministry of Finance is the bank’s main shareholder, possessing a 50.2 percent equity stake. The bank holds 40 to 50 percent of the Azerbaijan banking system’s total assets. Of the largest 10 banks in Azerbaijan, the bank holds 44.2% of assets, 47.6% of loans, 15.7% of retail loans, 39.4% of deposits, 30.5% of capital and 44.3% of banking sector profits.
Board of Directors
Although the bank offers many programs, the R@ndevu service and "Pension ATM" program have received media attention:
The bank offers customers a service known as “R@ndevu.” The service helps customers get appointments at branches without waiting in line. To do so, customers make appointments online or through the phone.
The bank maintains a balanced portfolio of investment companies:
The bank has also financed Akkord Industry Construction Investment Corporation, an Azeri construction company.
IBA has provided capital financing to AzMeCo, an Azerbaijani methanol production company. In November 2012, AzMeCo signed a contract with BP for the sale, purchase and marketing of methanol produced at the AzMeCo plant in Azerbaijan. The process will begin in 2013.
The cost of the plant construction will be US$360 million.
Gold mining company Anglo-Asian Mining PLC got $30 million from IBA to construct an “agitation leaching plant.” IBA has provided Anglo-Asian Mining with a letter of intent that states the bank may provide up to an additional $42 million. The company will build the plant on the Gadabay gold and copper mine
In May 2008, the bank became the Azerbaijan source for the issuance of Eurobonds and American Express credit cards. In July 2008, the bank received permission from the U.S. Federal Reserve Board to open a representative office in New York City. The bank is expanding internationally. In the first six months of 2012, direct investment into Azerbaijan increased to $2.2 billion, which was a 27 percent increase over the same period a year earlier.
The bank is structured around a boards, committees, departments, branches and sub-branches, representative offices and the bank's chief directors.
Syndicated Murabaha financing entity
As of April 2013, the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) had approved the International Bank of Azerbaijan as a certified Islamic banking institution. IBA is now the only bank in Azerbaijan with the certification by AAOFI.
On July 21, 2013, it was reported that Barwa Bank, Emirates NBD Capital Limited, J.P. Morgan Limited, and Noor Islamic Bank PJSC invested $120.5 million (U.S. dollars) into and created a syndicated Murabaha financing entity for the IBA.
Azerbaijan's importance in the market
In October 2012, Azer News reported that Azerbaijan is becoming a regional center for Islamic financing. According to the article, "Islamic financing is one of the fastest-growing segments of the global financial services industry worldwide. The International Bank of Azerbaijan (IBA), the country’s leading bank, has recently established an Islamic banking department..."
The bank owns several subsidiaries which include direct subsidiary banks of IBA and non-banking sector companies.
International Bank of Azerbaijan-Georgia ("IBA-Georgia")is a subsidiary bank of IBA in Tbilisi, Georgia, founded in 2007. The bank offers depository and commercial banking. Services include currency exchange, money transfer, deposits, and credit. Between July 2013 and 2014, IBA-Georgia's net profit and total capital increased by 145 percent and 15 percent, respectively.
IBA-Georgia is a member of the Tbilisi Interbank Stock Exchange, Association of Banks of Georgia, and the Banking Association for Central and Eastern Europe.
IBA-Moscow is a subsidiary bank of the IBA in Moscow, Russia, that was started in 2002. The primary purpose is to deepen trade and economic ties between Russia and Azerbaijan and to provide services to Azerbaijani citizens who live in Russia. The bank is located at 125009, Moscow, ul. Tverskaya, 6, str. 2.
Non-banking sector investment companies
These investments include:
- Akkord Industry Construction Investment Corporation
- AzeriCard Ltd.
- Inter Glass
- International Insurance Company
The bank is implementing a new ATM management system. Naumen Service Desk, which is a subsidiary of Naumen Company, is developing the system for IBA. Naumen is a software developer based in Russia. IBA and Naumen are leading Azerbaijan toward implementation of virtualization technology across multiple industries.
Awards and recognition
The bank has received awards and recognition from organizations around the world. Some of these include the following:
Best Bank in Azerbaijan
IBA was named the Best Bank in Azerbaijan by Global Finance magazine[a] in 2012 and 2014. The criteria for winning included assets growth, profitability, strategic development, customer service, competitive advantages and innovative products. Global Finance describes the rankings: "The winners are not always the biggest banks but rather the best—those with the qualities that corporations should look for when choosing a bank. These are banks with effective risk management systems, quality service and best practices in corporate governance."
Best Local Bank
In May 2013, the bank was named “Best Local Bank” by EMEA Finance magazine. Each year, EMEA Finance gives “best bank” awards to banks in more than 20 different categories.
In 2011, at the International Banking Conference of CIS, the International Organization of Creditors awarded IBA with the Investment Angel award.
Top 200 in Eurasia
World's Best Emerging Market Banks
In 2012, IBA began sponsoring an annual youth soccer tournament each summer. In 2013, the tournament will be held at Shafa Stadium from June 17–22. In 2012, 130 children from youth teams of professional soccer clubs in 8 countries attended. The countries were Azerbaijan, Turkey, Georgia, Sweden, Russia, Bulgaria, Ukraine and Estonia.
The bank runs a promotion with Visa, Inc. called “'Pay by card Visa abroad and win a prize!” The bank gives prizes such as iPhones to customers who use their credit card outside of Azerbaijan. In 2013, the bank partnered with Azercell and Visa for a joint promotion. The promotion gave free cell phone minutes to customers if they pay their cell phone bill with an IBA Visa debit card.
IBA is a member of the following professional organizations and systems:
- Azerbaijan Banks Association (ABA)
- Baku Interbank Currency Exchange (BICEX)
- Baku Stock Exchange (BSE)
- Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)
- International payment system MasterCard International
- International payment system VISA International
- International payment system American Express
- International information system Reuters
- Banking Association for Central and Eastern Europe (BACEE)
- Global Growth Companies Community (GGC)
- World Economic Forum (WEF)
Some prominent businesses and organizations that have partnered with IBA include the following:
On November 3, 2012, it was reported that the IBA and American Express have signed an exclusive cooperation deal. "According to the International Bank of Azerbaijan, this agreement will become a new step in the development of relations between International Bank of Azerbaijan and American Express."
Baku stock exchange
IBA also holds a 47.6% ownership interest in Joint Leasing Closed Corporation and a 20% ownership interest in Baku Interbank Stock Exchange. Joint Leasing has 30 percent of the leasing market share in Azerbaijan, and its portfolio is valued at around $44 million.
- Azerbaijani manat
- Banking in Azerbaijan
- Central Bank of Azerbaijan
- Economy of Azerbaijan
- List of banks in Azerbaijan
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