FIBA

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International Basketball Federation
Fédération Internationale de Basketball
(FIBA)
AbbreviationFIBA
PredecessorInternational Amateur Handball Federation
Formation18 June 1932; 90 years ago (1932-06-18)
Founded atGeneva, Switzerland
TypeSports federation
HeadquartersMies, Switzerland
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
213 national federations
Official languages
English, French[1]
President
Hamane Niang
Secretary General
Andreas Zagklis[2]
Key people
Borislav Stanković
George Vassilakopoulos
Manfred Ströher
Revenue (2018)
US$102.2 million[3]
Expenses (2018)US$107.74 million[3]
WebsiteFIBA.basketball

The International Basketball Federation (FIBA /ˈfbə/ FEE-bə; French: Fédération internationale de basket-ball) is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Originally known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym.[4]

FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

FIBA organizes both the men's and women's FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament and the Summer Olympics Basketball Tournament, which are sanctioned by the IOC.[5] The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's American-Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in association football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially; from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the men's event but in a different country.

History[edit]

1932–49; founding and early years[edit]

FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent.

The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Before 1934 basketball was under the umbrella of the International Amateur Handball Federation. Its original name was Fédération Internationale de basket-ball amateur. The eight nation's basketball federations that were the founding members of FIBA were: Argentina's Basketball Federation, Czechoslovakia's Basketball Federation, Greece's Basketball Federation, Italy's Basketball Federation, Latvia's Basketball Federation, Portugal's Basketball Federation, Romania's Basketball Federation, and Switzerland's Basketball Federation. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.

1950–2019; development[edit]

FIBA in Mies.

FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the men's World Cup was moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.

The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame; the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies. Andreas Zagklis became the Secretary-General of FIBA on 7 December 2018.

2020–present; suspensions of Russia and Belarus[edit]

In February 2022, Russia and Belarus were suspended from international competitions until further notice due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[6][7] It also banned the two countries from hosting any competitions.[7]

Presidents[edit]

Years Name[8]
1932–1948 Switzerland Leon Bouffard
1948–1960 United States Willard Greim
1960–1968 Brazil Antonio dos Reis Carneiro
1968–1976 Egypt Abdel Moneim Wahby
1976–1984 Philippines Gonzalo Puyat II
1984–1990 France Robert Busnel
1990–1998 United States George E. Killian
1998–2002 Senegal Abdoulaye Seye Moreau
2002–2006 China Ching Men-ky
2006–2010 Australia Robert Elphinston
2010–2014 France Yvan Mainini
2014–2019 Argentina Horacio Muratore
2019–present Mali Hamane Niang

During the 1936 Summer Olympics the FIBA honored James A. Naismith, the founder of basketball, as their honorary President.[4]

Secretaries General[edit]

Years Name
1932–1976 United Kingdom Renato William Jones
1976–2003 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro Borislav Stanković
2003–2018 Switzerland Patrick Baumann
2018–present Greece Andreas Zagklis

Tournaments[edit]

World champions[edit]

Tournament FIBA World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men  Spain (2) 2019  United States (16) 2020
Women  United States (11) 2022  United States (9) 2020
U-19 Men  United States (8) 2021  Argentina (1) 2018
U-19 Women  United States (9) 2021  United States (2) 2018
U-17 Men  United States (6) 2022 N/A[a]
U-17 Women  United States (5) 2022
  1. ^ The Youth Olympic Games are a U-19 event, played in FIBA 3x3 format.

World club champions[edit]

Club competition Year Champion Title Runner-up Next edition
Intercontinental Cup 2022 Brazil Flamengo 1st Spain San Pablo Burgos 2023

Continental champions[edit]

National teams FIBA Africa Year Next edition FIBA Americas Year Next edition FIBA Asia Year Next edition FIBA Europe Year Next edition FIBA Oceania Year Next edition
Men  Tunisia (3) 2021 2025  Argentina (3) 2022 2025  Australia (2) 2022 2025  Spain (4) 2022 2025  Australia (19) 2015 N/A[a]
Women  Nigeria (5) 2021 2023  United States (4) 2021 2023  Japan (6) 2021 2023  Serbia (2) 2021 2023  Australia (15) 2015
U-18 Men  Egypt (6) 2022 2024  United States (10) 2022 2024  South Korea (4) 2022 2024  Spain (5) 2022 2023  New Zealand (1) 2016
U-18 Women  Mali (8) 2022 2024  United States (11) 2022 2024  Australia (1) 2022 2024  Lithuania (2) 2022 2023  Australia (7) 2016
U-16 Men  Egypt (5) 2021 2023  United States (7) 2021 2023  Australia (2) 2022 2024  Lithuania (2) 2022 2023  Australia (2) 2019 2022
U-16 Women  Mali (7) 2021 2023  United States (6) 2021 2023  Australia (2) 2022 2024  France (4) 2022 2023  Australia (2) 2019 2022
  1. ^ FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships.

Continental club champions[edit]

Region Competition Year Champion Title Runner-up Next edition
Men's club competitions
Africa Basketball Africa League 2022 Tunisia US Monastir 1st Angola Petro de Luanda 2023
Americas Basketball Champions League Americas 2021–22 Brazil São Paulo 1st Uruguay Biguá 2022–23
Asia Asia Champions Cup 2019 Japan Alvark Tokyo 1st Lebanon Al Riyadi Beirut 2021
Europe[a] Basketball Champions League 2021–22 Spain Lenovo Tenerife 2nd Spain Baxi Manresa 2022–23
Europe Cup 2021–22 Turkey Bahçeşehir Koleji 1st Italy UnaHotels Reggio Emilia 2022–23
Women's club competitions
Africa Africa Women's Clubs Champions Cup 2018 Mozambique Ferroviário de Maputo 1st Angola Interclube 2021
Europe EuroLeague Women (1st-tier) 2020–21 Russia UMMC Ekaterinburg 6th Spain Perfumerías Avenida 2021–22
EuroCup Women (2nd-tier) 2020–21 Spain Valencia Basket 1st Italy Reyer Venezia 2021–22
SuperCup Women 2021 Spain Valencia Basket 1st Russia UMMC Ekaterinburg 2022
  1. ^ The top-tier European professional basketball club competitions is complexe. The EuroLeague run by Euroleague Basketball and its EuroCup are competing with the FIBA Europe organized competitions. The best European clubs have joined the close league EuroLeague.

3x3 world champions[edit]

Tournament FIBA 3x3 World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men  Serbia (5) 2022  Latvia (1) 2020
Women  France (1) 2022  United States (1) 2020
U-23 Men  Russia (1) 2019 N/A
U-23 Women  Japan (1) 2019
U-18 Men  France (1) 2022
U-18 Women  United States (6) 2022

Awards[edit]

Most Valuable Player[edit]

Tournament Most Recent Awardee Team Year
Men Ricky Rubio  Spain 2019
Women Breanna Stewart  United States 2018
U-19 Men Chet Holmgren  United States 2021
U-19 Women Caitlin Clark  United States 2021
U-17 Men Izan Almansa  Spain 2022
U-17 Women JuJu Watkins  United States 2022

FIBA World Rankings[edit]

Men's[edit]

The following table has the Top 32 men's basketball countries in the world.[9] The Top 32 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in men's basketball, anticipating to have 32 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Men's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[10]

Top 20 Rankings as of 1 March 2022[11]
Rank Change Team Points
1 Steady  United States 763.4
2 Steady  Spain 724
3 Steady  Australia 691.9
4 Increase 1  France 673.4
5 Decrease 1  Slovenia 671.2
6 Steady  Serbia 664.8
7 Steady  Argentina 654.1
8 Steady  Lithuania 651.4
9 Increase 1  Greece 650.9
10 Decrease 1  Italy 645.1
11 Steady  Germany 603.9
12 Steady  Czech Republic 577.3
13 Steady  Poland 560.6
14 Increase 1  Brazil 553.6
15 Decrease 1  Russia 551.7
16 Steady  Turkey 504.6
17 Steady  Venezuela 504.5
18 Steady  Canada 501.5
19 Steady  Puerto Rico 476.2
20 Steady  Dominican Republic 474.8
21 Steady  Croatia 469.8
22 Steady  Nigeria 458.7
23 Steady  Iran 448.8
24 Steady  Mexico 402.9
25 Steady  Montenegro 399.6
26 Steady  Latvia 391.3
27 Steady  New Zealand 383.9
28 Steady  Tunisia 377.2
29 Steady  China 359.2
30 Steady  South Korea 342
31 Steady  Angola 334.1
32 Steady  Ukraine 331.4
*Change from 9 August 2021

Women's[edit]

The following table has the Top 16 women's basketball countries in the world.[12] The Top 16 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in women's basketball, anticipating to have 16 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Women's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[13]

Top 20 Rankings as of 15 February 2022[14]
Rank Change Team Points
1 Steady  United States 823.9
2 Steady  Spain 685.7
3 Steady  Australia 678
4 Steady  Canada 661.6
5 Increase 1  Belgium 651.2
6 Decrease 1  France 637.7
7 Steady  China 631.8
8 Steady  Japan 606.1
9 Steady  Turkey 591.4
10 Steady  Serbia 589.5
11 Steady  Belarus 493.7
12 Steady  Russia 476.6
13 Increase 1  South Korea 431.3
14 Increase 1  Nigeria 421.4
15 Decrease 2  Italy 397.5
16 Increase 1  Brazil 395.1
*Change from 9 August 2021

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 General Statutes of FIBA, Article 47.1
  2. ^ "FIBA Central Board appoints Andreas Zagklis as Secretary General". FIBA.basketball.
  3. ^ a b Perelman, Rich (24 May 2020). "Who's in the money? EXCLUSIVE analysis of our survey of International Federation finances". The Sports Examiner. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  4. ^ a b "History". FIBA. Archived from the original on 4 May 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Presentation". FIBA.basketball.
  6. ^ "FIBA suspends Russian teams, officials from international basketball competitions until further notice".
  7. ^ a b "FIBA bans Russia, Belarus from Upcoming National Basketball Team Competitions - KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 18 May 2022.
  8. ^ "President of FIBA". fiba.basketball. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  9. ^ "FIBA Rankings – Men's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  10. ^ "How to Qualify for the 2023 FIBA World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  11. ^ "FIBA Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 1 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  12. ^ "FIBA Rankings – Women's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  13. ^ "How to Qualify for the 2022 FIBA Women's World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  14. ^ "FIBA Women's Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.

External links[edit]