International Biology Olympiad
The International Biology Olympiad (IBO) is a biological olympiad for pre-university students under the age 20, and is one of the most well-known International Science Olympiads. The first IBO was held in Czechoslovakia in 1990, and it has since been held annually. The competition have gradually expanded to include more than 75 countries participating countries across five continents. All participating countries send the four winners of their National Biology Olympiad to the IBO, usually accompanied by two adults who are members of the international jury for the duration of the competition.
To select these top four life science contestants for this international competition, all member countries host Biology Olympiad competitions in typically 3-5 consecutively more difficult national competition rounds. As a consequence, this leads to a trickle-down effect, engaging more than 1 million students worldwide in life science each year. 
In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the IBO (host Japan) was organized virtually and was rated "a great success" and "highly successful" in the history of IBO because of its exceptional way of operation and the unique international group-based scientific project International Group Project 2020.
IBO 2020 and the International Group Project
In the face of the threat of the International Science Olympiads' cancellation due to the COVID-19 pandemic (the International Physics Olympiad was officially canceled), the IBO 2020 was the first in the International Science Olympiads that was claimed by the host (Japan) to be held entirely virtually with a guaranteed supervision to adapt to the pandemic.
Notably, in the IBO 2020, the International Group Project was proposed. This is the first international group-based scientific project in the history of International Science Olympiads, aiming to intensify scientific discussion and collaboration among competitors from various countries.
In the International Group Project 2020, there are 50 research teams, and every team consists of 4 to 7 competitors, all representing different countries. In each team, these young biologists collaborated with their international fellows in a three-month scientific project. Finally, they had to propose a professional poster or presentation about an outstanding, innovative idea that can determine biology's future and solve a critical global issue. Every performance was evaluated by noble professors of Japan in life science.
Altogether, 53 countries and 202 contestants participated in the International Group Project 2020. This project was described as "the first trial of a collaborative research opportunity in IBO's history." Among 50 teams, six outstanding teams had (25 students) received the Award of Excellence for the best performance.
|2||1991||Makhachkala||Soviet Union||July 1–7||9|
|7||1996||Artek||Ukraine||June 30–July 7||23|
|13||2002||Jurmala and Riga||Latvia||July 7–14||40|
|17||2006||Rio Cuarto||Argentina||July 9–16||48|
|21||2010||Changwon||South Korea||July 11–18||58|
|28||2017||Coventry||United Kingdom||July 23–30||64|
|31||2020||Nagasaki||Japan||Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replaced by a remotely-conducted competition, the IBO Challenge 2020, and the first international group-based scientific project in the history of International Science Olympiads, the International Group Project. The whole competition was operated from August 8 to October 31.||Total 95.|
53 countries participated in the International Group Project and the exams of the IBO Challenge.
|32||2021||Lisbon||Portugal||Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replaced by a remotely-conducted competition, the IBO Challenge II. The whole competition was operated from July 18-23.||77|
- Biology by Team
- Iranian Biology Olympiad
- USA Biology Olympiad
- Asian Physics Olympiad
- International Chemistry Olympiad
- International Astronomy Olympiad
- International Physics Olympiad
- List of biology awards
- "IBO is an association of national biology competitions from countries and regions". International Biology Olympiad. Retrieved 2020-09-26.
- "Regarding COVID-19". IBO2020 Nagasaki. 2020-03-06. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "THE VIRTUAL IBO CHALLENGE 2020 WAS A GREAT SUCCESS". International Biology Olympiad. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "51st International Physics Olympiad". ipho-unofficial.org. Retrieved 2021-01-26.
- "International Group Project". IBO2020 Nagasaki. 2020-04-24. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
- "Group Project Results". IBO2020 Nagasaki. 2020-12-19. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
- "Past IBOs". International Biology Olympiad. Retrieved 2020-03-26.
- "Future IBOs". International Biology Olympiad. Retrieved 2020-03-26.
- "International Group Project". International Biology Olympiad Nagasaki 2020. Retrieved 2020-06-11.
- সূর্যোদয়ের দেশ থেকে এলো সুখবর: জীববিজ্ঞান অলিম্পিয়াডে বাংলাদেশের দুই ব্রোঞ্জ [Good news from the land of sunrise: two bronzes for Bangladesh in Biology Olympiad]. Samakal. 25 August 2020.