A lactation consultant is a health professional who specializes in the clinical management of breastfeeding. The International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBLCE) certifies lactation consultants who meet its criteria and have passed its exam.
Lactation consultants are trained to assist mothers in preventing and solving breastfeeding difficulties such as sore nipples and low milk supply. They commonly work in hospitals, physician or midwife practices, public health programs, and private practice. In the United States, lactation consultants are often nurses, midwives, nurse practitioners, and dieticians who have obtained additional certification.
History and organization
The IBLCE was founded by a group of La Leche League leaders who wanted to professionalize the skills they had developed while working with breastfeeding mothers. Candidates can choose various pathways to qualify, including options for current health professionals and volunteers, through college or university academic programs, or through mentoring. 
An International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC) and may use the post nominals IBCLC and/or RLC after her name. The International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA) is the professional association for lactation consultants.
Exclusive and partial breastfeeding are more common among mothers who gave birth in IBCLC-equipped hospitals. In maternity hospitals, a ratio of one IBCLC for every 15 postpartum mothers is suggested. The U.S. Surgeon General recommends that all communities ensure access to services provided by lactation consultants. Evidence found that breastfeeding interventions including lactation consultants and counselors increased the number of women initiating breastfeeding.
- Postpartum confinement, the period after childbirth when the new mother rests and bonds with her newborn, as they both learn to breastfeed
- Wet nurse, a woman paid to nurse another's baby
- Newborn care specialists, a type of nanny
- "IBLCE". Iblce.org. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- Lawrence 2016, p. 749.
- "LLLI - The LLL Leader and the IBCLC - A Partnership in Breastfeeding History". www.llli.org. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- "IBLCE Continuing Education Review / Application Information". Iblce.org. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "ILCA Home". Ilca.org. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
- "US Surgeon General Breastfeeding Executive Summary" (PDF). surgeongeneral.gov. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- Lawrence 2016, p. 246.
- Patel, Sanjay; Patel, Shveta (August 2016). "The Effectiveness of Lactation Consultants and Lactation Counselors on Breastfeeding Outcomes". Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association. 32 (3): 530–541. doi:10.1177/0890334415618668. ISSN 1552-5732. PMID 26644419.
- Lawrence, Ruth A.; Lawrence, Robert M. (13 October 2015). Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Professional. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 227–8. ISBN 978-0-323-39420-8.