International Bomber Command Centre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

International Bomber Command Centre
Memorial spire at the International Bomber Command Centre at Canwick Hill in Lincoln
Aerial view of the IBCC site in Nov 2015
AbbreviationIBCC
Formation2011 (2011)
TypeCharity
PurposeTo relate the stories and experiences of the personnel of Bomber Command during the Second World War.
HeadquartersLincoln, UK
CoordinatesCoordinates: 53°12′50″N 0°31′51″W / 53.2139°N 0.53095°W / 53.2139; -0.53095
Main organ
Lincolnshire Bomber Command Memorial Trust
AffiliationsUniversity of Lincoln
Staff
19
Volunteers
648
WebsiteOfficial website

The International Bomber Command Centre (IBCC) is an interpretation centre and memorial relating the historical impact of and on Bomber Command during the Second World War.

Located on Canwick Hill, overlooking the city of Lincoln, in England, the centre opened to the public at the end of January 2018. The official ceremonial opening of the centre was held on 12 April 2018[1], as part of the 100th anniversary celebrations of the RAF.

Lincolnshire Bomber Command Memorial Trust[edit]

The project is run by the Lincolnshire Bomber Command Memorial Trust (a registered charity), with the digital archive being created in partnership with the University of Lincoln.

Objectives[edit]

The aim of the IBCC is to tell the personal stories of service men and women of RAF Bomber Command, ground crews and civilians impacted by the bombing campaigns on both sides of the conflict during the Second World War. The centre provides a comprehensive record of the role of Bomber Command's squadrons and digitally displays historical documents and photographs relating to the activity of Bomber Command.[2]

Digital archive[edit]

The IBCC has created a digital archive on Bomber Command integrating oral histories, photographs, diaries, letters and service records. Much of archive has never been available for public access before.[3] Over 1,200 oral history interviews with veterans and survivors of the bombing have been recorded and 200,000 items have been preserved by the archive's staff and volunteers. The archive also incorporates the Losses Database which details over 3 million pieces of data on those who died. Both resources are available, free, on the project's web site.[4]

Funding[edit]

The Heritage Lottery Fund contributed £3.1 million of funding towards the £16 million cost of building the centre, £2.1 million through the Chancellor's Libor funds. Other funds have been donated by private individuals and other grant funding bodies.

Canwick Hill site[edit]

Location[edit]

A view of Lincoln Cathedral from near Canwick Hill

The city of Lincoln was selected for the location of the IBCC because 27 RAF Bomber Command stations (over a third of all Bomber Command stations) were based in the county during the Second World War. The large amount of airfields led to Lincolnshire being nicknamed "Bomber County".

Located at Canwick Hill, the centre is just under two and half miles from RAF Waddington, which suffered the greatest losses of any Bomber Command station,[2] and close to the former Avro aircraft production facility at Bracebridge Heath. A view of Lincoln Cathedral, a prominent landmark for aircrews, forms an important part of the vista from the centre of the Memorial Spire.[5]

The Spire Memorial[edit]

The memorial spire
Plates bear the names of aircrew who lost their lives flying from bases in Lincolnshire.

Within the grounds of the International Bomber Command Centre the Spire Memorial was erected on 10 May 2015.[6] The memorial is a spire, reflecting the connection to Lincoln Cathedral. Created out of Corten A weathering steel, it is based on the dimensions of the wingspan of a Lancaster bomber, being 102 ft (31.09 m) high and 16 ft (5 m) at the base. The spire was officially unveiled in October 2015 to an audience of 3,600 guests, including 312 RAF veterans.

The spire is encircled by walls carrying the names of all 57,871 men and women who gave their lives whilst serving in or supporting Bomber Command. This is the only place in the world where all these losses are memorialised.

The Chadwick Centre[edit]

Named after Roy Chadwick, the designer of the Lancaster bomber, the Chadwick Centre includes an education suite, an interactive and immersive exhibition across three galleries, reference library, visitor facilities and a research room. The centre relates the experiences of service personnel in Bomber Command and the effects of bombing on civilian populations. The centre also covers both the war time and post-war review of the bombing campaigns undertaken during the Second World War.

The centre has already collected over 1,200 personal experiences of Bomber Command veterans from around the world, as well as from civilians impacted by the bombing campaigns and civilians recording the impact on Lincolnshire of having so many RAF personnel arrive.

The Peace Gardens[edit]

These include a Memorial Avenue as part of the Lincolnshire Peace Garden, with geo-located trees for each of the 27 Lincolnshire stations, an International Garden with planting beds representing the five continents and 62 nations involved with Bomber Command, an amphitheatre for outdoor education and areas of sensory planting. The Peace Gardens incorporate a Ribbon of Remembrance, made of laser cut Scoutmoor yorkstone, that enables families, associations and nations to mark those who served.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hundreds of Bomber Command veterans gather for centre opening". BBC. 12 April 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b "International Bomber Command Centre". International Bomber Command Centre. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Digital Archive". internationalbcc.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Losses Database". internationalbcc.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  5. ^ "International Bomber Command Centre". Visit Lincoln. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  6. ^ Emily Norton (10 May 2015). "New Lincoln landmark as Bomber Command spire is assembled". Stonebow Media Ltd. Retrieved 13 May 2015.

External links[edit]