International Booker Prize

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International Booker Prize
Ismail Kadare.jpg
Inaugural winner Ismail Kadare
Awarded forBest book in English or in English translation
CountryUnited Kingdom
Presented byMan Group
Reward(s)£50,000
First awarded2005; 16 years ago (2005)
Websitethemanbookerprize.com/international

The International Booker Prize (formerly known as the Man Booker International Prize) is an international literary award hosted in the United Kingdom. The introduction of the International Prize to complement the Man Booker Prize was announced in June 2004.[1] Sponsored by the Man Group, from 2005 until 2015 the award was given every two years to a living author of any nationality for a body of work published in English or generally available in English translation.[2] It rewarded one author's "continued creativity, development and overall contribution to fiction on the world stage",[3] and was a recognition of the writer's body of work rather than any one title.

Since 2016, the award has been given annually to a single book translated into English and published in the United Kingdom or Ireland, with a £50,000 prize for the winning title, shared equally between author and translator.[4][5]

Crankstart, the charitable foundation of Sir Michael Moritz and his wife, Harriet Heyman began supporting The Booker Prizes on 1 June 2019. From this date, the prizes will be known as The Booker Prize and The International Booker Prize. Of their support for The Booker Prize Foundation and the prizes, Moritz commented: "Neither of us can imagine a day where we don’t spend time reading a book. The Booker Prizes are ways of spreading the word about the insights, discoveries, pleasures and joy that spring from great fiction".

History[edit]

Pre-2016[edit]

Whereas the Man Booker Prize was open only to writers from the Commonwealth, Ireland, and Zimbabwe, the International Prize was open to all nationalities who had work available in English including translations.[6] The award was worth £60,000 and given every two years to a living author's entire body of literature, similar to the Nobel Prize for Literature.[3] The Man Booker International Prize also allowed for a separate award for translation. If applicable, the winning author could choose their translators to receive a prize sum of £15,000.[7]

The 2005 inaugural winner of the prize was Albanian writer Ismail Kadare. Praising its concerted judgement, the journalist Hephzibah Anderson noted that the Man Booker International Prize was "fast becoming the more significant award, appearing an ever more competent alternative to the Nobel".[8]

Year Author Country Translator Language
2005 Ismail Kadare Albania N/A Albanian
2007 Chinua Achebe Nigeria N/A English
2009 Alice Munro Canada N/A English
2011 Philip Roth USA N/A English
2013 Lydia Davis USA N/A English
2015 László Krasznahorkai Hungary George Szirtes and Ottilie Mulzet Hungarian

2016 onwards[edit]

In July 2015 it was announced that the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize would be disbanded.[5] The prize money from that award would be folded into the Man Booker International Prize, which would henceforth act similarly to the Independent prize: awarding an annual book of fiction translated into English, with the £50,000 prize split between author and translator.[9] Each shortlisted author and translator receives £1,000. Its aim is to encourage publishing and reading of quality works in translation and to highlight the work of translators. Judges select a longlist of ten books in March, followed by a shortlist of five in April, with the winner announced in May.[10]

Year Author Country Translator Country Work Language
2016 Han Kang South Korea Deborah Smith United Kingdom The Vegetarian
(채식주의자)
Korean
2017 David Grossman Israel Jessica Cohen Israel/UK/US A Horse Walks Into a Bar
(סוס אחד נכנס לבר‎)
Hebrew
2018 Olga Tokarczuk Poland Jennifer Croft United States Flights
(Bieguni)
Polish
2019 Jokha al-Harthi Oman Marilyn Booth United States Celestial Bodies
(سـيّـدات الـقـمـر، روايـة)
Arabic
2020 Marieke Lucas Rijneveld Netherlands Michele Hutchison United Kingdom The Discomfort of Evening
(De avond is ongemak)
Dutch
2021 David Diop France Anna Moschovakis United States At Night All Blood Is Black
(Frère d'âme)
French

Nominations[edit]

2005[edit]

The inaugural Man Booker International Prize was judged by John Carey (Chair), Alberto Manguel and Azar Nafisi.[11] The nominees were announced on 2 June 2005 at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.[3] Albanian novelist Ismail Kadare was named the inaugural International Prize winner in 2005.[11] Head judge, Professor John Carey said Kadare is "a universal writer in the tradition of storytelling that goes back to Homer."[11] Kadare said he was "deeply honoured" at being awarded the prize.[11] Kadare was also able to select a translator to receive an additional prize of £15,000.[11] The writer received his award in Edinburgh on 27 June.[11]

Winner
Nominees

2007[edit]

The 2007 prize was judged by Elaine Showalter, Nadine Gordimer and Colm Tóibin.[6] The nominees for the second Man Booker International Prize were announced on 12 April 2007 at Massey College in Toronto.[6] Nigerian author Chinua Achebe was awarded the International Prize for his literary career in 2007.[12] Judge Nadine Gordimer said Achebe was "the father of modern African literature" and that he was "integral" to world literature.[12] Achebe received his award on 28 June in Oxford.[12]

Winner
Nominees

2009[edit]

The 2009 prize was judged by Jane Smiley (Chair), Amit Chaudhuri and Andrey Kurkov.[13] The nominees for the third Man Booker International Prize were announced on 18 March 2009 at The New York Public Library.[14] Canadian short story writer Munro was named the winner of the prize in 2009 for her lifetime body of work.[13] Judge Jane Smiley said picking a winner had been "a challenge", but Munro had won the panel over.[13] On Munro's work, Smiley said "Her work is practically perfect. Any writer has to gawk when reading her because her work is very subtle and precise. Her thoughtfulness about every subject is so concentrated."[13] Munro, who said she was "totally amazed and delighted" at her win, received the award at Trinity College, Dublin on 25 June.[2][13]

Winner
Nominees

2011[edit]

The 2011 prize was judged by Rick Gekoski (Chair), Carmen Callil (withdrew in protest over choice of winner) and Justin Cartwright.[17] The nominees for the fourth Man Booker International Prize were announced on 30 March 2011 at a ceremony in Sydney, Australia.[18] John le Carré asked to be removed from consideration, saying he was "flattered", but that he does not compete for literary prizes.[19] However, judge Dr Rick Gekoski said although he was disappointed that le Carré wanted to withdraw, his name would remain on the list.[19] American novelist Roth was announced as the winner on 18 May 2011 at the Sydney Writers' Festival.[20] Of his win, Roth said "This is a great honour and I'm delighted to receive it."[20] The writer said he hoped the prize would bring him to the attention of readers around the world who are not currently familiar with his body of work.[20] Roth received his award in London on 28 June; however, he was unable to attend in person due to ill health, so he sent a short video instead.[20][21] After Roth was announced as the winner, Carmen Callil withdrew from the judging panel, saying "I don't rate him as a writer at all... in 20 years' time will anyone read him?" Callil later wrote an editorial in The Guardian explaining her position and why she chose to leave the panel.[7][22]

Winner
Nominees

2013[edit]

The 2013 prize was judged by Christopher Ricks (Chair), Elif Batuman, Aminatta Forna, Yiyun Li and Tim Parks.[23] The nominees for the fifth Man Booker International Prize were announced on 24 January 2013.[24] Marilynne Robinson was the only writer out of the ten nominees who had been nominated for the prize before.[24] Lydia Davis, best known as a short story writer, was announced as the winner of the 2013 prize on 22 May at a ceremony at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.[25] The official announcement of Davis' award on the Man Booker Prize website described her work as having "the brevity and precision of poetry." Judging panel chair Christopher Ricks commented that "There is vigilance to her stories, and great imaginative attention. Vigilance as how to realise things down to the very word or syllable; vigilance as to everybody's impure motives and illusions of feeling."[26]

Winner
Nominees

2015[edit]

The 2015 prize was judged by Marina Warner (Chair), Nadeem Aslam, Elleke Boehmer, Edwin Frank and Wen-chin Ouyang.[27] The nominees for the sixth Man Booker International Prize were announced on 24 March 2015.[27] László Krasznahorkai became the first author from Hungary to receive the Man Booker award. The prize was given to recognise his "achievement in fiction on the world stage". British author Marina Warner, who chaired the panel of judges that selected Krasznahorkai for the award, compared his writing to Kafka and Beckett. Krasznahorkai's translators, George Szirtes and Ottilie Mulzet, shared the £15,000 translators' prize.[28]

Winner
Nominees

2016[edit]

The 2016 prize was judged by Boyd Tonkin (Chair), Tahmima Anam, David Bellos, Daniel Medin and Ruth Padel.[30] The nominees for the seventh Man Booker International Prize were announced on 14 April 2016.[31] The six nominees were chosen from a longlist of thirteen.[30][32] Han became the first Korean author to win the prize and, under the new format for 2016, Smith became the first translator to share the prize. British journalist Boyd Tonkin, who chaired the judging panel, said that the decision was unanimous. He also said of the book "in a style both lyrical and lacerating, it reveals the impact of this great refusal both on the heroine herself and on those around her. This compact, exquisite and disturbing book will linger long in the minds, and maybe the dreams, of its readers."[33]

Winner
Shortlist
Longlist

2017[edit]

The 2017 prize was judged by Nick Barley (Chair), Daniel Hahn, Helen Mort, Elif Shafak and Chika Unigwe. The longlist for the eighth Man Booker International Prize was announced on 14 March 2017, and the shortlist on 20 April 2017. The winner was announced on 14 June 2017.[34][35] Grossman became the first Israeli author to win the prize, sharing the £50,000 award with Cohen. Nick Barley, who is the director of the Edinburgh International Book Festival, described the book as "an ambitious high-wire act of a novel [that] shines a spotlight on the effects of grief, without any hint of sentimentality. The central character is challenging and flawed, but completely compelling." The novel won over 126 other contenders.[36]

Winner
Shortlist
Longlist

2018[edit]

The 2018 prize was judged by Lisa Appignanesi, OBE, FRSL (Chair), Michael Hofmann, Hari Kunzru, Tim Martin and Helen Oyeyemi. The longlist for the ninth Man Booker International Prize was announced on 12 March 2018. The shortlist of six books was announced on 12 April 2018 at an event at Somerset House in London. The winner was announced on 22 May 2018 at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London. Tokarczuk is the first Polish author to win the award,[38] and shared the prize with Croft.[39] Lisa Appignanesi described Tokarczuk as a "writer of wonderful wit, imagination, and literary panache."[40]

Winner
Shortlist
Longlist
  • Laurent Binet (France), Sam Taylor (translator) for The 7th Function of Language (Harvill Secker) (La Septième Fonction du langage)
  • Javier Cercas (Spain), Frank Wynne (translator), for The Impostor (MacLehose Press) (El impostor)
  • Jenny Erpenbeck (Germany), Susan Bernofsky (translator), for Go, Went, Gone (Portobello Books) (Gehen, ging, gegangen)
  • Ariana Harwicz (Argentina), Sarah Moses & Carolina Orloff (translators), for Die, My Love (Charco Press) (Matate, amor)
  • Christoph Ransmayr (Austria), Simon Pare (translator), for The Flying Mountain (Seagull Books) (Der fliegende Berg)
  • Wu Ming-Yi (Taiwan), Darryl Sterk (translator), for The Stolen Bicycle (Text Publishing) (單車失竊記)
  • Gabriela Ybarra (Spain), Natasha Wimmer (translator), for The Dinner Guest (Harvill Secker) (El comensal)

2019[edit]

The 2019 prize was judged by Bettany Hughes (Chair), Maureen Freely, Angie Hobbs, Pankaj Mishra and Elnathan John. The longlist for the Man Booker International Prize was announced on 13 March 2019.[43] The shortlist was announced on 9 April 2019.[44] The winner was announced on 21 May 2019; Jokha Alharthi is the first author writing in Arabic to have won the Man Booker International Prize.[45]

Winner
Shortlist
Longlist
  • Love in the New Millennium (新世纪爱情故事) by Can Xue (China), translated from the Chinese by Annelise Finegan Wasmoen (Yale University Press)
  • At Dusk (해질무렵) by Hwang Sok-yong (South Korea), translated from the Korean by Sora Kim-Russell (Scribe)
  • Jokes for the Gunmen (نكات للمسلحين) by Mazen Maarouf (Palestine-Iceland), translated from the Arabic by Jonathan Wright (Granta)
  • Four Soldiers (Quatre Soldats) by Hubert Mingarelli (France), translated from the French by Sam Taylor (Portobello)
  • Mouthful of Birds (Pájaros en la boca) by Samanta Schweblin (Argentina), translated from the Spanish by Megan McDowell (Oneworld)
  • The Faculty of Dreams (Drömfakulteten) by Sara Stridsberg (Sweden), translated from the Swedish by Deborah Bragan-Turner (MacLehose Press)
  • The Death of Murat Idrissi (De dood van Murat Idrissi) by Tommy Wieringa (The Netherlands), translated from the Dutch by Sam Garrett (Scribe)

2020[edit]

The 2020 prize was judged by Ted Hodgkinson (Chair), Jennifer Croft, Valeria Luiselli, Jeet Thayil and Lucie Campos.[46] The longlist for the prize was announced on 27 February 2020.[47] The shortlist was announced 2 April 2020.[48] The winner announcement was originally planned for 19 May 2020, however due to the COVID-19 pandemic it was postponed to 26 August 2020.[49]

Winner
Shortlist
Longlist

2021[edit]

The 2021 prize was judged by Lucy Hughes-Hallett (Chair), Aida Edemariam, Neel Mukherjee, Olivette Otele and George Szirtes.[51] The longlist was announced on 30 March 2021, the shortlist on 22 April, and the winning author and translator on 2 June 2021.[52]

Winner

At Night All Blood Is Black by David Diop, translated from French by Anna Moschovakis (Pushkin Press)

Shortlist[53]

  • The Dangers of Smoking in Bed (Los peligros de fumar en la cama) by Mariana Enríquez, translated from Spanish by Megan McDowell (Granta Books)
  • The Employees (De ansatte) by Olga Ravn, translated from Danish by Martin Aitken (Lolli Editions)
  • When We Cease to Understand the World (Un verdor terrible) by Benjamín Labatut, translated from Spanish by Adrian Nathan West (Pushkin Press)
  • In Memory of Memory (Памяти памяти) by Maria Stepanova, translated from Russian by Sasha Dugdale (Fitzcarraldo Editions)
  • The War of the Poor (La Guerre des pauvres) by Éric Vuillard, translated from French by Mark Polizzotti (Picador)

Longlist

  • I Live in the Slums by Can Xue, translated from Chinese by Karen Gernant & Chen Zeping (Yale University Press)
  • The Pear Field (მსხლების მინდორი) by Nana Ekvtimishvili, translated from Georgian by Elizabeth Heighway (Peirene Press)
  • The Perfect Nine: The Epic Gikuyu and Mumbi (Kenda Mũiyũru: Rũgano rwa Gĩkũyũ na Mũmbi) by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, translated from Gikuyu by the author (Harvill Secker)
  • Summer Brother (Zomervacht) by Jaap Robben, translated from Dutch by David Doherty (World Editions)
  • An Inventory of Losses (Verzeichnis einiger Verluste) by Judith Schalansky, translated from German by Jackie Smith (MacLehose Press)
  • Minor Detail (تفصيل ثانوي) by Adania Shibli, translated from Arabic by Elisabeth Jaquette (Fitzcarraldo Editions)
  • Wretchedness (Eländet) by Andrzej Tichý, translated from Swedish by Nichola Smalley (And Other Stories)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Readers debate world Booker prize". BBC News. 20 December 2004. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b Crerar, Simon (27 May 2009). "Alice Munro announced as Man Booker International Prize winner". The Times. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "Spark heads world Booker nominees". BBC News. 18 February 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  4. ^ "The Booker Prizes". Booker Prize Foundation.
  5. ^ a b Sarah Shaffi (7 July 2015). "'Reconfiguration' of Man Booker International Prize". The Bookseller. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "Atwood on World Booker shortlist". BBC News. 12 April 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  7. ^ a b Callil, Carmen (21 May 2011). "Why I quit the Man Booker International panel". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
  8. ^ Anderson, Hephzibah (31 May 2009). "Alice Munro: The mistress of all she surveys". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  9. ^ Michael Orthofer (8 July 2015). "Man Booker Independent International Foreign Fiction Prize". complete review. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Evolution of the Man Booker International Prize announced | The Man Booker Prizes". themanbookerprize.com. Retrieved 18 May 2016.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Albanian wins first world Booker". BBC News. 2 June 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  12. ^ a b c "Nigeria author wins Booker honour". BBC News. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  13. ^ a b c d e Flood, Alison (27 May 2009). "Alice Munro wins Man Booker International prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  14. ^ "E.L. Doctorow Among Nominees For International Book Prize". Huffington Post. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  15. ^ "James Kelman is UK's hope for Man Booker international prize" The Guardian. Accessed 22 October 2016
  16. ^ "Ngugi Wa Thiong’o" Archived 23 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine Booker Prize Foundation. Accessed 22 October 2016
  17. ^ Roberts, Laura (19 May 2011). "Feminist judge resigns after Philip Roth wins Man Booker International Prize". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  18. ^ Lea, Richard; Hill, Amelia (30 March 2011). "Man Booker Prize: Shortlist unveiled for the 'Olympics of literature'". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  19. ^ a b Ginnane, Virginia (30 March 2011). "Le Carre cold on book prize nomination". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  20. ^ a b c d "Philip Roth wins the Man Booker International Prize". BBC News. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  21. ^ "Philip Roth win divided panel, Man Booker judge admits". BBC News. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  22. ^ Flood, Alison (18 May 2011). "Judge withdraws over Philip Roth's Booker win". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  23. ^ Lea, Richard (24 January 2013). "Man Booker International prize 2013 reveals shortlist". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Man Booker International Prize 2013 Finalists Announced". 24 January 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
  25. ^ a b Stock, Jon (22 May 2013). "Man Booker International Prize 2013: Lydia Davis wins". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  26. ^ "Lydia Davis wins the Man Booker International Prize 2013". Man Brooker Prize. 22 May 2013. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  27. ^ a b "The Man Booker International Prize 2015 Finalists' List Announced". The Man Booker Prizes. 24 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  28. ^ "Man Booker International prize 2015 won by 'visionary' László Krasznahorkai". The Guardian. 19 May 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  29. ^ "Hungarian Laszlo Krasznahorkai wins Man Booker International Prize". BBC News. 20 May 2015.
  30. ^ a b Cain, Sian (14 April 2016). "'Exhilarating' Man Booker International shortlist spans the world". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  31. ^ Lusa, Agência. "José Eduardo Agualusa entre os finalistas do Man Booker International Prize 2016". Observador (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  32. ^ The Man Booker International Prize 2016 Longlist Announced Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  33. ^ "Han Kang's The Vegetarian wins Man Booker International Prize". BBC News. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  34. ^ "The Man Booker International Prize 2017 Longlist Announced". themanbookerprize.com.
  35. ^ "The Man Booker International Prize 2017 shortlist announced". themanbookerprize.com.
  36. ^ "Man Booker International Prize: David Grossman wins for stand-up comic novel". BBC News. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  37. ^ AP. "David Grossman wins Man Booker International Prize". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  38. ^ "Man Booker International Prize: Olga Tokarczuk is first Polish winner". BBC News. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  39. ^ "Polish novelist Olga Tokarczuk wins Man Booker International Prize for translated novel 'Flights'". DW.com. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  40. ^ "Olga Tokarczuk becomes first Polish winner of International Man Booker Prize". BT. 22 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  41. ^ "Olga Tokarczuk of Poland Wins Man Booker International Prize". Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  42. ^ "Flights by Olga Tokarczuk | PenguinRandomHouse.com". PenguinRandomhouse.com. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  43. ^ "Man Booker International 2019 longlist announced". Books+Publishing. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  44. ^ "Man Booker International Prize 2019 shortlist announced". Man Booker International. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  45. ^ Flood, Allison (21 May 2019). "Man Booker International prize: Jokha Alharthi wins for Celestial Bodies". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  46. ^ "Judges announced for the 2020 International Booker Prize". The Booker Prize.
  47. ^ "2020 International Booker Prize Longlist Announced". The Booker Prizes. The Booker Prizes. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  48. ^ "The 2020 International Booker Prize Shortlist Announced". The Booker Prizes. 1 April 2020.
  49. ^ The Booker Prizes. "The 2020 International Booker Prize Winner Announcement Postponed". Booker Prizes. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  50. ^ "The International Booker Prize 2020 | The Booker Prizes". thebookerprizes.com. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  51. ^ "The 2021 International Booker Prize longlist announcement | The Booker Prizes". thebookerprizes.com. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  52. ^ "The 2021 International Booker Prize Winner announcement | The Booker Prizes". The Booker Prizes. 2 June 2020. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  53. ^ "International Booker Prize Shortlist". 22 April 2021.

External links[edit]