International Boxing Association (amateur)
Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur
|Formation||29–30 November 1946|
|Umar Nazarovich Kremlev|
The International Boxing Association or AIBA, originally the Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur, is an independent sport organization that sanctions amateur (Olympic-style) boxing matches and awards world and subordinate championships.
- from August 24, 1920 — the International Federation of Amateur Boxers (Fédération Internationale de Boxe Amateur, FIBA);
- from November 28, 1946 — Amateur International Boxing Association, AIBA;
- On November 22, 2007, as part of the AIBA reform, the name was changed to the current one, — International Boxing Association - but the abbreviated name was decided to remain the same.
Under the leadership of President Wu Ching-kuo, who ran AIBA from 2006 to 2017, the organization divided its competitions into three categories as part of Wu's overarching goal to govern boxing in all its forms:
- AIBA Open Boxing (AOB), formerly known as amateur or Olympic boxing
- AIBA Pro Boxing (APB), a professional boxing league
- World Series of Boxing (WSOB), a semi-professional team tournament
Wu's two professional ventures were abandoned by AIBA largely due to the organization's financial woes, which led to Wu's resignation in November 2017. AIBA Pro Boxing staged bouts only from late 2014 to 2016, and the World Series of Boxing abruptly ceased operations amid mounting financial losses after its 2018 season.
During the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, representatives from the national associations of England, France, Belgium, Brazil and the Netherlands met in a preliminary consortium for the foundation of an international boxing federation: The Federation Internationale de Boxe Amateur (FIBA). The official foundation has been celebrated on 24 August. Right after, international competitions appeared in the boxing arena, allowing amateurs to compete in well-known tournaments.
In November 1946, a consensus was met to give way for the boxing governing body to regain the loss of credibility due to the behavior of some leading officials in World War II. The FIBA was dissolved and the English Amateur Boxing Association in partnership with the French Boxing Federation decided to create AIBA; the Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur. The President of the French Boxing Federation, Emile Grémaux, was elected to the position of President.
Sixty years later, AIBA continued to govern boxing in the Olympic Games without using the word "amateur". Until now, amateur boxing has been present on all continents with continental championships as well as World Cups and World Championships organized by AIBA.
In June 2019, the IOC voted to suspend its recognition of AIBA as the governing body for the sport, stripping AIBA of any involvement in the Olympic Games. The IOC oversaw the qualification events and the boxing tournament at the 2020 Olympic Games through a task force chaired by Morinari Watanabe (JPN), President of the International Gymnastics Federation.
Under the new leadership, five new committees were created: the Coaches Committee, the Champions and Veterans Committee, the Competition Committee, the Women's Committee, and the Medical and Anti-Doping Committee. In the process of Umar Kremlev’s reforms, AIBA increased the number of weight categories in amateur boxing for men and women to 13 and 12, respectively. The prize money for the World Championships was set at $100,000 for gold medal, $50,000 for silver and $25,000 for both bronze medals. A program of financial assistance to national federations was also introduced.
In 2021, In 2021, Olympic champion, two-time World champion István Kovács was appointed General Secretary of AIBA. Later this year, AIBA appointed Professor Ulrich Haas to lead the AIBA's Independent Governance Reform Group.
On May 28, 2021, AIBA signed an agreement with the international military sports council CISM. In the same year, the organization signed an agreement with the International Testing Agency (ITA).
To reveal the facts of manipulation at the boxing tournament at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games and corruption of the past AIBA administration, Canadian lawyer Professor Richard McLaren was appointed by AIBA to conduct a three-stage investigation. In September 2021, an independent report found that bouts leading up to and during the 2016 Rio Olympics were manipulated for money (up to $250,000), the perceived benefit of AIBA, or to thank National Federations, their Olympic committees, or hosts of competitions for their financial support and political backing.
- Émile Grémaux (France), 1946-1959
- Lieutenant-Colonel Rudyard Russell (Great Britain), 1962-1978
- Colonel Don Hull (USA), 1978-1986
- Anwar Chowdhry (Pakistan), 1986-2006
- Kaner Doganeli (Turkey), 2006, act.p.
- Ching-Kuo Wu (Taiwan), 2006-2017
- Gafur Rakhimov (Uzbekistan), 2017—2019
- Mohamed Moustahsane (Morocco), 2019-2020., Interim President.
- Umar Nazarovich Kremlev, 2020-present
AIBA changed its rules in 2016 to ban headguards in AOB Elite Men competitions (19–40 years old) at the national, continental and international levels. Headguards are still mandatory for all other category competitions, including women's boxing at all levels. The Boxing Task Force for the Tokyo Olympics maintained the ban on headguards for men, but Roy Jones Jr. and other prominent boxers have argued for their reinstatement in future tournaments.
- Boxing World Cup
- World Series Boxing
- World Amateur Boxing Championships
- Olympic Games
- Youth Olympic Games
- AIBA World Boxing Championships
- AIBA Youth World Boxing Championships
- AIBA Junior World Boxing Championships
- Commonwealth Games
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- "AIBA to offer prize money to medalists at amateur world boxing championships". www.espn.com.
- "CISM & AIBA Sign The Historical Agreement". milsport.one.
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- "Bout manipulation existed at Rio 2016 Olympics says independent report". www.reuters.com.
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- McLaren, Richard (2021-09-30). "Independent Investigation of the AIBA Boxing Competitions Prior to and During the Rio Olympic Games 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-09-30.
- "Manipulation system in place at Rio 2016". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2021-09-30.
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- "Boxing-AIBA says pays off $10 million debt, signs Gazprom as sponsor". www.reuters.com.
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- Beacham, Greg. "Kremlev confident AIBA will return to Olympic role in Paris". apnews.com. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
- "AIBA Competitions". Aiba.org. AIBA International Boxing Commission. Retrieved 15 December 2014.