International Chiropractors Association

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International Chiropractors Association
ICA logo big.jpg
Abbreviation ICA
Formation 1938
Michael S. McLean, DC [1] United States

The International Chiropractor's Association (ICA) founded by B.J. Palmer in 1938 in Davenport, Iowa, USA. Palmer served as it President until his death in 1961.[2]

Due to [3][4] a view of the profession's scope, which the majority of chiropractors find parochial,[5] in that they advocate for the treatment "by hands only" (non therapeutic)[4] of the subluxation, and have traditionally been opposed to what the mainstream profession considers to be "full scope" chiropractic, its membership has continued to decline. Today, its membership is estimated at about one fifth that of the rival American Chiropractic Association.[6][7]

Merger attempt[edit]

In the mid-1980s there was a major campaign for ACA members to join the ICA, in order to cast votes for a merger of the two agencies. The idea was twofold: a, to free up the name, "International" Chiropractor's Association, so that a new organization could be formed to represent the profession at the World level, and b, to have for the first time, one united voice for the profession in the United States. The attempt failed [8] and the profession reached a consensus in London, in 1987, to create the World Federation of Chiropractic.


Its name is a misnomer, as the ICA does not count any national chiropractic associations having status with the World Health Organization as members.[9] The ICA, along with the American Chiropractic Association, is listed as a national chiropractic association representing the United States at the World Federation of Chiropractic,[10] with representation on the Executive council.[11] It has individual members all over the world[12] who pay dues, and in that sense they remain "international", in the same way as the much larger American Chiropractic Association.


The ICA, through its various Councils,[13] promotes continuing education for DCs, and has at least one Council (sport) which does, and most that[14] do not, compete with those of the larger ACA. Their Councils include:

  • ICA Council on Fitness and Sport Health Science
  • ICA Council on Chiropractic Pediatrics [15]
  • ICA Council on Applied Chiropractic Science
  • ICA Council on Chiropractic Philosophy
  • ICA Council on Wellness Science
  • ICA Council on Upper Cervical care

The Council on Fitness and Sport Health Science, which was previously called the ICA Sports Council, was a charter member of the International Federation of Sports Chiropractic.

Continuing education programs[edit]

The ICA provides continuing education courses which are accredited for continuing education units (CEUs) by the various state licensing boards.[16]

Veterans Affairs representation[edit]

In 2002, the ICA was represented by Michael S. McLean, member of the ICA Board of Directors, on the United States Department of Veterans Affairs "Chiropractic Advisory Committee."[17]


  1. ^ Editorial Staff, "The Chiropractic Choice", Vol. 8, No. 2, ICA Publ.,July, 2009, Pg 3. [1]
  2. ^ ICA Site source
  3. ^ Keating JC Jr; Cleveland CS III; Menke M (2005). "Chiropractic history: a primer" (PDF). Association for the History of Chiropractic. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  4. ^ a b ICA Mission Statement
  5. ^ ACA-Definition of Chiropractic
  6. ^ Petersen, D: "Are We in Danger of Losing the ICA?", Dynamic Chiropractic, Vol. 21, Issue 03, – January 27, 2003 [2]
  7. ^ Petersen, D: "How Low Must We Go?", Dynamic Chiropractic, Vol. 17, Issue 14, – June 28, 1999 [3]
  8. ^ Edwards, J: "ACA and ICA: It's the Same Thing!", Dynamic Chiropractic, Vol. 18, Issue 06, March 6, 2000 [4]
  9. ^ Membership
  10. ^ WFC membership
  11. ^ World Fed. of Chiro. Executive Council
  12. ^ ICA Membership list
  13. ^ ICA Site- Councils
  14. ^ ACA Sports Council Site
  15. ^ Council Site
  16. ^ ICA Site - Symposiums
  17. ^ VA Appoints Chiropractic Advisory Committee. United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Press Release. August 12, 2002

External links[edit]