International Cloud Experiment
International Cloud Experiment (formally known as "Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment" - TWP-ICE) was a scientific mission to gather information on tropical storm formation. It involved seven airplanes, a ship anchored off Darwin in Australia, RV Southern Surveyor, and over 250 scientists and researchers.
The experiment was a collaboration between the US Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Bureau of Meteorology (Australia), NASA the European Commission DG RTD-1.2 and several United States, Australian, Canadian and European Universities.
During the experiment, a record-breaking tropical typhoon arose, then spent seven days as a "landphoon" over the Australian desert.
- U.S. Climate Scientists Join Collaborators in Australia to Begin Tropical Cloud Experiment
- Thunderheads Program Guide at ABC/Nature.
- Campaign : Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment at ARM
- TWP-ICE Timeline at ARM
- TWP-ICE Science Plan - Cloud and rain characteristics in the Australian Monsoon
- TWP-ICE at the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre (now part of CAWCR: The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research)
- TWP-ICE at NASA GCSS - Cirrus Cloud Working Group and Deep Convective Working Group
- TWP-ICE Executive Summary
- TWP-ICE Synoptic Overview, 1 February 2006