International Co-operative Alliance
|Ariel Guarco, President|
The International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) is a non-governmental co-operative federation or, more precisely, a co-operative union representing co-operatives and the co-operative movement worldwide. It was founded in 1895 to unite, represent and serve co-operatives worldwide. The Alliance maintains the internationally recognised definition of a co-operative in the Statement on the Co-operative Identity. The ICA represents 313 co-operative federations and organisations in 109 countries.
The Alliance provides a global voice and forum for knowledge, expertise and co-ordinated action for and about co-operatives. The members of the Alliance are international and national co-operative organisations from all sectors of the economy, including agriculture, banking, consumer, fisheries, health, housing, insurance, and workers. The Alliance has members from 100 countries, representing close to one billion individuals worldwide. Around one hundred million people work for co-operatives globally. Co-operatives are values based businesses owned by their members. Whether they are customers, employees or residents, the members get an equal say in the business and a share of the profits.
In 2006 the ICA published the first major index of the world's largest co-operative and mutual enterprises, the ICA Global 300, which demonstrated the scale of the co-operative movement globally.
On the first Saturday of July each year, the ICA coordinates celebrations of International Co-operative Day.
In December 2009, the United Nations declared 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives. In 2013 the headquarters was shifted to Brussels in Belgium
The ICA consists of a 20-member governing board, a General Assembly, four regions (one each for Africa, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Americas), sectoral organisations and thematic committees.
- ICA Asia - Pacific
- ICA Africa
- Cooperatives Europe
- ICA America
- International Co-operative Agricultural Organisation (ICAO)
- Consumer Co-operatives Worldwide (CCW)
- International Co-operative Fisheries Organisation (ICFO)
- International Health Co-operative Organisation (IHCO)
- International Co-operative Housing Organisation (ICA Housing)
- International Co-operative and Mutual Insurance Federation (ICMIF)
- International Organisation of Industrial, Artisanal and Service Producers' Co-operatives (CICOPA)
- Committee on Co-operative Research
- Communications Committee
- Human Resource Development Committee
- Gender Equality Committee
ICA adopted its original rainbow flag in 1925, with the seven colors symbolizing unity in diversity and the power of light, enlightenment, and progress.
|ICA rainbow flag (2001)|
In 2001 a new flag was adopted at the ICA General Assembly in Seoul, Korea, to avoid confusion with other rainbow flags, several of which had become very well known in the 20th century. The present flag shows the ICA seven-color logo on a white background. The logo depicts a quarter rainbow with a flock of stylized doves of peace scattering from the top and the letters ICA underneath. The rainbow has only six stripes (red, orange, yellow, green, light blue, dark blue) and the seventh color (purple) appears in the lettering under the rainbow. The flag exists in four different versions showing the ICA acronym in different languages (ACI in Spanish, Italian and French, IGB in German, and МКА in Russian).
- 1895: Earl Grey and Henry W. Wolff
- 1907: Earl Grey and William Maxwell
- 1917: William Maxwell
- 1921: G. J. D. C. Goedhart
- 1927: Väinö Tanner
- 1945: Robert Palmer
- 1948: Harry Gill
- 1955: Marcel Brot
- 1960: Mauritz Bonow
- 1975: Roger Kerinec
- 1984: Lars Marcus
- 1995: Graham Melmoth
- 1997: Roberto Rodrigues
- 2001: Ivano Barberini
- 2009: Pauline Green
- 2015: Monique Leroux
- 2017: Ariel Guarco
- 1895: Edward Owen Greening
- 1902: Jesse Clement Gray
- 1908: Hans Müller
- 1913: Henry John May
- 1939: Gertrude Polley
- 1963: Position abolished
- Statement on the Co-operative Identity Archived 2012-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, 1995 version.
- "The International Co-operative Alliance". Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- ICA Global 300
- The ICA flag Archived 2009-03-20 at the Wayback Machine, ICA Weekly Digest, Vol. 1, Number 14, May 17, 2004.
- ICA at crwflags.com; retrieved 2 July 2018
- William P. Watkins, The International Co-operative Alliance, 1895-1970, p.272
- Margaret Prickett and Dionysos Mavrogiannis, Thematic guide to ICA congresses 1895-1995, p.iii