International Correspondence Chess Federation
International Correspondence Chess Federation (ICCF) was founded on March 26, 1951 as a new appearance of the International Correspondence Chess Association (ICCA), which was founded in 1945, as successor of the Internationaler Fernschachbund (IFSB), founded on December 2, 1928.
The current chairman is Eric Ruch.
Some sources say that correspondence chess was already played in the 12th century. Most chess historians doubt whether this is true. In the 19th century chess clubs and magazines started to organize more regular tournaments, national as well as international tournaments. Finally in 1928 the first international league (Internationaler Fernschachbund) was founded. Alexander Alekhine, Paul Keres and Max Euwe were well-known enthusiastic correspondence chess players during some periods of their chess careers.
On 15 August 1928, the ICSB (Internationaler Correspondensschachbund/International Correspondence Chess Federation) was created under the leadership of Erich Otto Freienhagen (Berlin), which had existed in a loose form since November 1927. Other members of the management were J.Keemink (Netherlands), K.Laue, H. von Massow, H.Schild (Germany) and C.Olsen (Norway). This was the first successful attempt to create an international correspondence chess federation. Unfortunately, it survived for only a short period, but its successor proved to be a viable and successful.
On 2 December 1928, a new federation was formed in Berlin. To distinguish it from its predecessor, it was named the IFSB (Internationaler Fernschachbund). The founders were: R.Dührssen (President), J.Keemink (Vice-President), H. von Massow (Secretary), K.Laue (Teasurer) and L.Probst (Managing Editor).
Freienhagen (and others from ICSB) continue in parallel with the IFSB. Freienhagen died in 1933.
After this, correspondence chess players started joining IFSB. At that time, there was only individual membership and only later did it become posible for countries to be members.
IFSB Champions: Eduard Dyckhoff and Eugen Busch (Germany), 1929; E.Dyckhoff, 1930; A.H.Priwonitz (Germany), 1931; Hans Müller (Austria), 1932; Marcel Duchamp (France), 1933; Hilding Persson (Sweden), 1934; Paul Keres (Estonia), 1935; Milan Vidmar (Yugoslavia), 1936; Miklos Szigeti (Hungary), 1937 and Edmund Adam (Germany), 1938.
IFSB European Olympiad: the Hungarian Team (Balogh, Nagy, Szigeti, Barcza, Boros and Szucz) won the Final (1937-1939).
When de Second World War began the IFSB Board decided to discontinue its activity.
The top officials during the history of the IFSB here:
ICCF, the present successor of the IFSB, is a federation of national member organizations. At this moment there are worldwide 56 ICCF national member federations with altogether more than 100.000 individual member correspondence chess players. Most of them are playing several games simultaneously. Some of them are even playing more than 100 games at the same time. Most strong players think that 15 email games at the same time is the upper limit.
- Jean-Louis Ormond (1950-1954)[better source needed].[better source needed]
- Anders Elgesem (1955-1959)
- Hans Werner von Massow (1960-1987)
- Hendrik Mostert (1988-1996)
- Alan Borwell (1997-2003)
- Josef Mrkvicka (2003-2004)
- Max Zavanelli (2005, acting)
- Mohamed Samraoui (2005-2009)
- Eric Ruch (2009-....)
Using its own language-independent chess notation, ICCF organizes all kind of tournaments: individual and team championships, title norm tournaments and promotion tournaments (from Open Class until Master Class) – in postal, email and the ICCF correspondence server versions. Starting from 2011 ICCF organizes chess960 events.
Zone 1; Europe Director : Pavlikov, Andrey (RUS)
Zone 2-3; America/Pacific Director : Bokar, Dr. Jason (USA)
Zone 4; Africa/Asia Director : Knol, Everdinand (RSA)
- FIDE—Fédération Internationale des Échecs
- ICCF national member federations—Short articles about the federations
- ICCF numeric notation
- World Correspondence Chess Championship
- Correspondence Chess Olympiad
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