International Council for Open and Distance Education

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International Council for Open and Distance Education
Formation 1 August 1938
Headquarters Oslo, Norway
184 institutional members 14 member associations
Mandla S. Makhanya
General Secretary
Gard Titlestad

The International Council for Open and Distance Education, or ICDE, is a global membership organisation in the field of open and distance education,[1] and in formal consultative relations with UNESCO.[2] It was founded in 1938 in Canada as the International Council for Correspondence Education.[2] ICDE conducts world conferences on open and distance education on alternate years. Regional conferences are held more frequently.[2] ICDE does not provide educational accreditation to its members. Its website states: "Claims that ICDE provides institutional accreditation or the unauthorized use of the ICDE logo on websites or marketing materials is strictly prohibited and will result in withdrawal of membership."[3] ICDE includes national organizations, such as the University Continuing Education Association (UCEA) in the United States, which provides "cross-disciplinary perspectives and strategies" related to adults and non-traditional students looking for continuous learning opportunities.[4]


  1. ^ Associations and Professional Organizations, Distance Education Professional Development Center, University of Wisconsin–Madison
  2. ^ a b c History, ICDE website
  3. ^ Membership criteria Archived 5 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine., ICDE website
  4. ^

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