International Council on Mining and Metals
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The International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) was founded in 2001 to improve sustainable development performance in the mining and metals industry.
The ICMM has developed 10 principles to which member companies must adhere. These considerations resulted from a survey of concerned parties both within and outside the council. They seek to comply and reinforce guidelines established by organizations including the OECD and the World Bank.
- African Rainbow Minerals
- Anglo American
- AngloGold Ashanti
- Barrick Gold
- BHP Billiton
- Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold
- Gold Fields
- JX Nippon Mining & Metals
- Mitsubishi Materials
- Rio Tinto Group
- Sumitomo Metal Mining
ICMM was established to provide guidelines for member companies so they could work toward sustainable development. Even so, many of the companies have been implicated in social and environmental scandals since the council's inception.