International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia
|International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia|
|Next time||17 May 2020|
The International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia is observed on May 17 and aims to coordinate international events that raise awareness of LGBT rights violations and stimulate interest in LGBT rights work worldwide. By 2016, the commemorations had taken place in 132 countries across the globe.
The founders of the International Day Against Homophobia, as it was originally known, established the IDAHO Committee to coordinate grass-roots actions in different countries, to promote the day and to lobby for official recognition on May 17. That date was chosen to commemorate the decision to remove homosexuality from the International Classification of Diseases of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1990.
For a long time in Germany, May 17 had been unofficially labelled as a sort of "Gay Day." Written in the date format 17.5., it had a natural affinity with Paragraph 175 of the Penal Code, the rule dealing with homosexuality (homosexuals were called "one hundred seventy-fivers").
The day, as a concept, was conceived in 2004. A year-long campaign culminated in the first International Day Against Homophobia on May 17, 2005. 24,000 individuals as well as organizations such as the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA), the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), the World Congress of LGBT Jews, and the Coalition of African Lesbians signed an appeal to support the "IDAHO initiative". Activities for the day took place in many countries, including the first LGBT events ever to take place in the Congo, China, and Bulgaria.
In 2009, transphobia was added to the name of the campaign, and activities that year focused primarily on transphobia (violence and discrimination against transgender people). A new petition was launched in cooperation with LGBT organizations in 2009, and it was supported by more than 300 NGOs from 75 countries, as well as three Nobel Prize winners (Elfriede Jelinek, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, and Luc Montagnier). On the eve of May 17, 2009, France became the first country in the world to officially remove transgender issues from its list of mental illnesses.
Frenchman Louis-Georges Tin was founder of the day, and acted as its Committee Chairperson until his resignation in September 2013. He was succeeded by internationally renowned Venezuelan trans rights activist, lawyer and law professor Tamara Adrián, who became one of the first trans legislators in Latin America in 2015.
The Enforcement Act of Judicial Yuan Interpretation No. 748 that legalised same-sex marriage in Taiwan was passed on International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia in 2019, with the law coming into effect on 24 May 2019.
Goals and activities
The main purpose of the May 17 mobilisations is to raise awareness of violence, discrimination, and repression of LGBT communities worldwide, which in turn provides an opportunity to take action and engage in dialogue with the media, policymakers, public opinion, and wider civil society.
One of the stated goals of May 17 is to create an event that can be visible at a global level without needing to conform to a specific type of action. This decentralized approach is needed due to the diversity of social, religious, cultural, and political contexts in which rights violations occur.
May 17 around the world
The day is particularly strong in Europe and Latin America, where it is commemorated with public events in almost all countries. May 17 is also marked in multiple countries in all world regions including, in 2013, 32 of the 76 countries in the world where same-sex relationships are criminalised.
Common actions include large-scale street marches, parades and festivals. In Cuba, for example, Mariela Castro has led out a huge street parade in honor of May 17 for the past 3 years. In Chile in 2013, 50,000 people took to the streets to mark May 17, and the VIII Santiago Equality march.
Arts and culture-based events are also common. For example, Bangladeshi activists organised the music festival "Love Music Hate Homophobia" in 2013. Albanian LGBT activists have, in 2012 and 2013 been organising an annual Bike (P) Ride for May 17 through the streets of the capital Tirana. In 2013, the day's Committee called for international actions for a Global Rainbow Flashmob to mark May 17. Activists in 100 cities, in 50 countries participated with diverse public events spanning coloured balloon releases, dance flashmobs, musical events, and performance and street art.
On Friday, May 17, 2019, Taiwan became the first country in Asia to legally recognize same-sex marriage. In Nepal, this day is celebrated as International Day Against Queer / MOGAI -phobia'.    
In 2003 the Canadian organization Fondation Émergence instituted a similar event, the National Day Against Homophobia, which was held on June 1. In 2006, they changed the date to May 17, in order to join the international movement.
In 2006, The Declaration of Montreal was created and adopted by the 2006 World Outgames. The Declaration demanded that the United Nations and all states recognize May 17 as the International Day Against Homophobia.
The day is also officially recognized by the EU Parliament, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, the UK, Mexico, Costa Rica, Croatia, the Netherlands, France, Luxembourg and Venezuela. It is also recognized by numerous local authorities, such as the province of Quebec or the city of Buenos Aires.
In 2012, the city of Liverpool, England created a pioneering programme of events in association with the organisation Homotopia, called IDAHO 50. The event was supported by 50 leading organisations based in Liverpool."Link" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-02.
Venezuela's National Assembly (AN) officially recognized May 17 as the Day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia on May 12, 2016. AN Deputy Tamara Adrian, also international Chairwoman of the IDAHO Committee, hailed the legislative act as a "sign of change" in a Venezuela where "everyone has equal rights and opportunities".
In several other countries (e.g. Argentina, Bolivia, Australia, and Croatia), national civil society coalitions have called upon their authorities to have May 17 officially recognized.
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As of 2012[update], few countries have passed legislation at the federal level that includes full-fledged legal recognition for LGBT couples such as marriage, adoption, inheritance, and insurance rights, despite the efforts of the May 17 movement. Some countries continue to criminalize homosexuality or transgender identity and persecute LGBT people, sometimes violently. LGBT people in these countries may be vulnerable to state violence or hate crimes, and LGBT organizations or movements may be vulnerable to state-sponsored harassment.
An ILGA report issued for the day in 2009 confirmed that 76 countries still consider same-sex relationships illegal. In seven of these countries, same-sex sexual acts are punishable by death. In almost all countries, transphobic laws limit the freedom to act in ways that do not conform to the roles and expectations that are culturally determined by a person's sex at birth.
- LGBT rights by country or territory
- LGBT social movements
- National Day Against Homophobia (Canada)
- National Coming Out Day
- Transgender Day of Remembrance
- Declaration of Montreal
- "International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia". IDAHO Committee. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "All Events, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". UNESCO. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Summary Report 2016" (PDF). IDAHO Committee. 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- "May 17th is the Intl Day Against Homophobia". Ilga.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-04. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
- "International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia". United States Embassy of London. Archived from the original on 2015-09-08. Retrieved 2015-11-01.
- [dead link]
- "Mobilisation mondiale contre la pénalisation de l'homosexualité - Pla…". archive.is. 17 May 2009. Archived from the original on 17 May 2009.
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- IDAHO founder begins hunger strike for UN resolution on decriminalising homosexuality Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine retrieved 29 June 2012
- "Hollande Signs French Gay Marriage Law". The New York Times. 19 May 2013.
- "IDAHOT | Metropolitan Community Churches". Mccchurch.org. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- "Taiwan legalises same-sex marriage in first for Asia". Pink News. 17 May 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- Hollingsworth, Julia (17 May 2019). "Taiwan passes same-sex marriage bill, becoming first in Asia to do so". CNN. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
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- "An Unofficial View of Tirana". Continent Blog. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Homepage". Global Rainbow Flashmob - Official Site. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "2013 Annual Report". IDAHO Committee. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- "Taiwan Becomes First Country in Asia to Legalize Same-Sex Marriage". Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- "Nepal Country Page". May 17 org.
- "#IDaQuMob : International Day Against Queer / MOGAI -phobia". Medium.
- "International Day Against Queer / MOGAI -phobia #IDaQuMoB". All events / Queer Youth Group.
- "Online #IDaQuMoB". All events / Queer Youth Group.
- "Anti-Homophobia Day Marked In Windsor". The Windsor Star. The Windsor Star. 2010-05-17. Archived from the original on June 27, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-01.
- "Declaration of Montreal" (PDF). International Conference on LGBT Human Rights. July 29, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-05-08. Retrieved 2016-04-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "It is Official! May 17th is the National Day Against Homophobia in Brazil". Archived from the original on July 7, 2010.
- "Brazil's President Lula decrees National Day Against Homophobia". Archived from the original on July 25, 2011.
- "OFFICIAL RECOGNITION". IDAHO Committee. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- Alan Weston (15 May 2012). "Liverpool supports IDAHO - the international day of action against homophobia". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- "17th May 2012 – The Inaugural Launch of Idaho 50". Liverpool Learning Disability. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- Alan Weston (15 May 2012). "Flying the flag for gay rights; Liverpool is the first city in the world to mark day of action, as Alan Weston discovers". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- "Presidency of the Republic - Government". Presidencia de México. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Parlamento aprueba conmemorar el 17 de mayo en Venezuela como Día contra la homofobia, transfobia y bifobia". NTN24 (in Spanish). 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- "Parlamento venezolano acuerda el 17 de mayo como Día Contra la Homofobia". El Nuevo Diario (in Spanish). 12 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia.|
- Official website (in English)
- International Day Against Homophobia Hong Kong (IDAHO HK)— Regional site of Hong Kong Campaign
- RainbowFlash (ru) (en) (de) - Russian-Germany Campaign
- Project IDAHO launched by the social network Gays.com and the Committee for the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHO)
- International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA)
- Cuba & World Day against Homophobia, Havana Times, May 16 2009