Eucharistic congress

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An aerial view of City Park Stadium in New Orleans, filled with worshippers at the National Eucharistic Congress of 1926

In the Catholic Church, a eucharistic congress is a gathering of clergy, religious, and laity to bear witness to the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, which is an important Roman Catholic doctrine. Congresses bring together people from a wide area, and typically involve large open-air Masses, Eucharistic adoration (Blessed Sacrament), and other devotional ceremonies held over several days. Congresses may both refer to National (varies by country) and International Eucharistic Congresses.

Paschal Baylon is considered the patron saint of such eucharistic congresses.

History[edit]

The 21st International Eucharistic Congress in Montreal in 1910. Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier is standing on the right.

The first International Eucharistic Congress owed its inspiration to Bishop Gaston de Ségur, and was held at Lille, France, on June 21, 1881. The initial inspiration behind the idea came from the laywoman Marie-Marthe-Baptistine Tamisier (1834-1910) who spent a decade lobbying clergy. The sixth congress met in Paris in 1888, and the great memorial Church of the Sacred Heart on Montmartre was the center of the proceedings. Antwerp hosted the next congress in 1890, at which an immense altar of repose was erected in the Place de Meir, and an estimated 150,000 persons gathered around it when Cardinal Goossens, Archbishop of Mechelen, gave the solemn benediction. Bishop Doutreloux of Liège was then president of the Permanent Committee for the Organization of Eucharistic Congresses, the body which has charge of the details of these meetings. Of special importance also was the eighth congress, held in Jerusalem in 1893, as it was the first congress held outside Europe.

In 1907, the congress was held in Metz, Lorraine, and the German government suspended the law of 1870 (which forbade processions) in order that the usual solemn procession of the Blessed Sacrament might be held. Each year the congress had become more and more international in nature, and at the invitation of Archbishop Bourne of Westminster the nineteenth congress was held in London, the first among English-speaking members of the Church. The presidents of the Permanent Committee of the International Eucharistic Congresses, under whose direction all this progress was made, were:

After each congress this committee prepared and published a volume giving a report of all the papers read and the discussions on them in the various sections of the meeting, the sermons preached, the addresses made at the public meetings, and the details of all that transpired.

The last U.S. National Eucharistic Congress was held in Philadelphia in 1976, the next will be in 2024 in Indianapolis.[1]

The International Eucharistic Congresses[edit]

Name Date Location Theme Notes
1st International Eucharistic Congress June 1881 France Lille The Eucharist Saves the World
2nd International Eucharistic Congress September 1882 France Avignon
3rd International Eucharistic Congress June 1883 Belgium Liège
4th International Eucharistic Congress September 1885 Netherlands Fribourg
5th International Eucharistic Congress June 1887 France Toulouse
6th International Eucharistic Congress July 1888 France Paris
7th International Eucharistic Congress August 1890 Belgium Antwerp
8th International Eucharistic Congress May 1893 Ottoman Empire Jerusalem First congress held outside Europe.
9th International Eucharistic Congress July 1894 France Reims
10th International Eucharistic Congress September 1897 France Paray-le-Monial
11th International Eucharistic Congress July 1898 Belgium Brussels
12th International Eucharistic Congress August 1899 France Lourdes
13th International Eucharistic Congress September 1901 France Angers
14th International Eucharistic Congress September 1902 Belgium Namur
15th International Eucharistic Congress June 1904 France Angoulême
16th International Eucharistic Congress June 1905 Kingdom of Italy Rome
17th International Eucharistic Congress August 1906 Belgium Tournai
18th International Eucharistic Congress August 1907 German Empire Metz
19th International Eucharistic Congress September 1908 United Kingdom London
20th International Eucharistic Congress August 1909 German Empire Cologne
21st International Eucharistic Congress September 7–11, 1910 Canada Montreal First Congress held in North America or the Western Hemisphere.
22nd International Eucharistic Congress July 1911 Spain Madrid
23rd International Eucharistic Congress September 12–15, 1912 Austria-Hungary Vienna
24th International Eucharistic Congress April 23–27, 1913 Malta Malta
25th International Eucharistic Congress July 22–25, 1914 France Lourdes The Eucharist and the Social Reign of Jesus Christ Cardinal G. Pignatelli of Belmonte was the papal legate.
26th International Eucharistic Congress May 24–29, 1922 Kingdom of Italy Rome The Peaceful Reign of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the Eucharist Pope Pius XI officiated the Mass at the St. Peter's Square; first congress after World War I.
27th International Eucharistic Congress June 22–27, 1924 Netherlands Amsterdam The Eucharist and Holland Cardinal Van Rossum was the papal legate.
28th International Eucharistic Congress June 20–24, 1926 United States Chicago First congress in the United States. Papal legate: Cardinal Bonzano. Hosted by Cardinal Mundelein, Archbishop of Chicago. Est worshippers: 500,000 at Soldier Field mass, 1 million at St. Mary of the Lake closing mass.
29th International Eucharistic Congress September 6–9, 1928 Australia Sydney First congress in Australia. The procession of the Eucharist, headed by the papal legate Cardinal Cerretti, was witnessed by 500,000.[2]
30th International Eucharistic Congress May 7–11, 1930 French protectorate of Tunisia Carthage The Eucharist is Africa's testimony First congress held in Africa.
31st International Eucharistic Congress June 22–26, 1932 Republic of Ireland Dublin The Propagation of the Sainted Eucharist by Irish Missionaries 1500th anniversary of Saint Patrick's arrival in Ireland. Catholic population of Ireland in 1932 was 3 million.[3]
32nd International Eucharistic Congress October 10–14, 1934 Argentina Buenos Aires First congress in South America. Papal legate Cardinal Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII).[4] Over one million people around Palmero Park heard a radio broadcast from the pope in Vatican City. Cardinal Pacelli celebrated High Mass and pronounced apostolic blessing on participants.[5]
33rd International Eucharistic Congress February 3–7, 1937 Philippines Manila First congress in Asia and in the Philippines. Attended by 1.5 million from around the world. Pontifical Masses in Rizal Park, with hundreds of thousands at each.[6]
34th International Eucharistic Congress May 25–30, 1938 Hungary Budapest Eucharist, the Bond of Love Papal legate Cardinal Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII).[7] Over 100,000 people from all over the world, including 15 cardinals and 330 bishops.[8]
35th International Eucharistic Congress May 27-June 1, 1952 Spain Barcelona Peace First congress since the end of World War II. Attended by hundreds of bishops and church officials, including Cardinal Spellman of New York, and Cardinal Stritch of Chicago. The Cold War limited attendance from communist eastern European countries.[9]
36th International Eucharistic Congress July 17–24, 1955 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Christ the Redeemer and His Eucharistic Kingdom[10]
37th International Eucharistic Congress July 31-August 7, 1960 West Germany Munich City chosen by Pope Pius XII, who had been papal nuncio there. Attended by 430 bishops and 28 cardinals, including Cardinal Spellman of New York, Cardinal Cushing of Boston, and Cardinal Meyer of Chicago. Laid a foundation stone for a "church of atonement" near Dachau concentration camp. Closing Statio Orbis Mass celebrated on Theresienwiese Square.[11][12]
38th International Eucharistic Congress November 12–15, 1964 India Bombay First congress in a country without a significant Christian population, aiming to disseminate the doctrine of the "real presence of Christ in the Eucharist." Attended by Pope Paul VI, many cardinals, and 20,000 foreign visitors.[13]
39th International Eucharistic Congress August 18–25, 1968 Colombia Bogotá The Eucharist as the Bond of Love Attended by Pope Paul VI, Archbishop Carroll of Miami, and Archbishop Dearden of Detroit.[14]
40th International Eucharistic Congress February 18–25, 1973 Australia Melbourne "Love one another as I have loved you!" [15] [16]
41st International Eucharistic Congress August 1–8, 1976 United States Philadelphia Hungers of the Human Family Attended by 1,500,000 people, including 44 Cardinals and 417 bishops.[17] Theme: "The Eucharist and the Hungers of the Human Family" (physical and spiritual hungers).[18]. Mother Teresa and Dorothy Day were panelists at a conference on Women and the Eucharist.[19] Future Pope John Paul II gave the homily for Freedom and Justice.[20] US President Ford spoke of freedom and the Church’s work for peace.[21][22] [23]
42nd International Eucharistic Congress July 16–23, 1981 France Lourdes "Jesus Christ, bread broken for a new world" Organization: Henri Donze, Bishop of Lourdes; papal legate Cardinal Bernardin Gantin. Great number of young people, from Third World. Procession with candles successful. [24] This was the third time the congress was held at Lourdes.[25]
43rd International Eucharistic Congress August 11–18, 1985 Kenya Nairobi The Eucharist and the Christian Family Attended by Pope John Paul II.[26]
44th International Eucharistic Congress October 4–8, 1989 South Korea Seoul Christ is our Peace As he did four years prior, Pope John Paul II attended the congress, holding the Solemn Mass entirely in Korean on the final day. The two principal objectives were: promoting a deeper understanding of the Eucharist; and living the eucharistic faith in the reality of our world. Attendance was reported to be around 1 million.[27]
45th International Eucharistic Congress June 7–13, 1993 Spain Seville Christ Light of Nations The first post-Cold War congress, Pope John Paul II addressed the congress and declared, "I hope the fruit of this congress results in the establishment of perpetual Eucharistic adoration in all parishes and Christian communities throughout the world."[28]
46th International Eucharistic Congress May 25-June 1, 1997 Poland Wrocław Freedom as Reflected in the Eucharist Attended by Pope John Paul II.[29] The congress addressed the distinction between "freedom" and "liberty".[30][31]
47th International Eucharistic Congress June 18–25, 2000 Italy Rome The third to be celebrated in Rome, the congress was the first of its kind to be celebrated in a Jubilee Year.[citation needed]
48th International Eucharistic Congress October 10–17, 2004 Mexico Guadalajara Pope John Paul II, being too ill to attend, named Cardinal Josef Tomko as Papal Legate. The Congress ended with a celebration of the Mass in the Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara, with a live link up to a simultaneous Mass celebrated in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, celebrated in the presence of Pope John Paul II. These simultaneous Masses marked the beginning of the Year of the Eucharist which ran from the International Eucharistic Congress to the General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops in October 2005.[citation needed]
49th International Eucharistic Congress June 15–22, 2008 Canada Quebec City The Eucharist, Gift of God for the Life of the World[32] This congress coincided with the 400th anniversary of the city's founding.[32] The closing celebration took place on the Plains of Abraham, attended by tens of thousands of pilgrims.[33] Pope Benedict XVI's message was broadcast live, in both French and English, from the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican, via giant screens set up on the meadow.[33] The Pope announced the next Congress was to take place in Dublin, Ireland, in 2012.
50th International Eucharistic Congress June 10–17, 2012 Republic of Ireland Dublin The Eucharist: Communion with Christ and with one another (drawn from Lumen gentium) The congress coincided with the 50th anniversary of the inauguration of the Second Vatican Council.[34] In addition to the daily celebration of the Eucharist, there were over thirty workshops and presentations daily on various themes associated with the Eucharist. For many years, the Church has failed to respond appropriately to child abuse by clergy. The blessing of a Healing Stone by Archbishop Diarmuid Martin, as well as a personal meeting between the Papal Legate, Cardinal Marc Ouellet, and survivors of clergy sexual abuse, were among the ways in which the issue was addressed.[35] The Pope delivered a pre-recorded address to the closing ceremony on June 17.

[36][37]

51st International Eucharistic Congress January 24–31, 2016 Philippines Cebu City Christ in You, Our Hope of Glory (From the Letter of St. Paul to the Colossians) The second time in the Philippines, including Manila in 1937. Pope Francis appointed the first Cardinal of Myanmar Cardinal Charles Maung Bo as the Papal Legate.[38]
52nd International Eucharistic Congress September 5–12, 2021[39][40] Hungary Budapest "In You (=in Eucharistic Jesus) is the source of all our blessings." (Cfr.: Ps 87, 7) This is the second time Hungary will be hosting after 1938.[41]
53rd International Eucharistic Congress 2024 Ecuador Quito This will be in the first Andean country to host the event. It will coincide with the 150th anniversary of the consecration of Ecuador to the Sacred Heart of Jesus made in 1874 by President Gabriel García Moreno and supported by Pope Pius IX.[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Why was Indy chosen for the Eucharistic Congress?".
  2. ^ "International Eucharistic Congress 1928". Dictionaryofsydney.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  3. ^ "In Dublin". Time. June 20, 1932. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  4. ^ "Site locations changed". Fiu.edu. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  5. ^ "16 Oct 1934 - Eucharistic Congress. Buenos Aires, Oct. 14". Nla.gov.au. October 16, 1934. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  6. ^ "Cebu City Hosting the 51st International Eucharistic Congress in 2016". Manila Bulletin. June 28, 2012.
  7. ^ "Site locations changed". Florida International University. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  8. ^ "46th IEC - The History of Eucharistic Congresses". Pwt.wroc.pl. Archived from the original on January 26, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  9. ^ Ehlen, Ethel K. (January 22, 1952). "International Eucharistic Congress to Meet in Barcelona, Spain In May; Peace is Keynote of 35th Congress". Palm Beach Daily News. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013 – via Google News Archive.
  10. ^ "British Columbia Pilgrimage To Eucharistic Congress Set". The Manitoba Ensign. March 5, 1955. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016 – via Google News Archive.
  11. ^ "Catholics Open 37th Congress". The Miami News. July 31, 1960. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013.
  12. ^ "25 from Here to Join 37th Eucharistic Parley". The Milwaukee Journal. June 25, 1960. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013 – via Google News Archive.
  13. ^ "Roman Catholics: Bombay's Spiritual Spectacular". Time. December 4, 1964. Archived from the original on July 15, 2010. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  14. ^ "Pope Paul's Visit to Bogota Focuses on Poverty Problems" (PDF). Library.stu.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  15. ^ Jn 15,17
  16. ^ "Radiomessage for the conclusion of the 40th International Eucharistic Congress, 25 February 1973 | Paul VI". Vatican.va. February 25, 1973. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  17. ^ John DeMayo and Joseph Casino, The Forty-First Interional Eucharistic Congress, August 1-8, 1976: A History, (Pennsauken: DeVilieger, 1978) 6, 144; MC 80, 100.611: Committee on Special Guests: Final Report to the Board of Governors, August 16, 1967, https://omeka.chrc-phila.org/items/show/8121.
  18. ^ . MC 80, 100.2792: Letter to James Cardinal Knox from John Cardinal Krol, March 7, 1975, https://omeka.chrc-phila.org/items/show/8125.
  19. ^ MC 80, 100.1548: Letter to Cardinal Krol from Dorothy Day January 29, 1976, https://omeka.chrc-phila.org/items/show/8123; MC 80, 100.1673: Letter to Cardinal Krol from Mother Teresa.
  20. ^ MC 80, 100.1755S7.1: Karol Cardinal Wojtyla Homily
  21. ^ The 41st IEC: A History, 547.
  22. ^ "41st International Eucharistic Congress". Catholic Historical Research Center of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. August 5, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  23. ^ "41st International Eucharistic Congress 1976". Catholic Historical Research Center of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  24. ^ "42. Congresso Eucaristico a Lourdes (Francia) dal 16 al 23 luglio 1981". Pontificio comitato per i congressi eucaristici internazionali. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  25. ^ "What happened at the Congress". Catholic Herald. August 7, 1981. Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  26. ^ ""Statio Orbis" mass for the conclusion of the 43rd International Eucharistic Congress in Nairobi - Kenya (August 18, 1985)". Fjp2.com. August 18, 1985. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  27. ^ Bishop Michael Smith (May 1989). "International Eucharistic Congress, Seoul, South Korea". The Furrow. 40 (5): 301–304. JSTOR 27661523.
  28. ^ "Perpetual Eucharistic Adoration". Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. Retrieved June 27, 2012.
  29. ^ "46th International Eucharistic Congress". Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
  30. ^ "Watchman, what of the night? : 46th International Eucharistic Congress" (PDF). Adventistlaymen.com. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  31. ^ "46. International Eucharistic Congress - English Home Page". Pwt.wroc.pl. September 10, 1997. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  32. ^ a b "Celebration of the 400th Anniversary of Québec City". Archived from the original on July 5, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  33. ^ a b "Pope: "Due Honour to Eucharistic Rite"- Dublin to Host Congress 2012". Vatican Radio. June 22, 2008. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  34. ^ "Lumen gentium". Vatican.va. Archived from the original on September 6, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  35. ^ "IEC 2012 Videos | IEC 2012". Saltandlighttv.org. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  36. ^ "Full text: Pope's address to Congress". The Irish Times. June 17, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  37. ^ "Final day of Eucharistic Congress gets underway". RTE News. June 17, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ "51st IEC 'successful'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. February 1, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  39. ^ iec2020.hu/en – official website
  40. ^ "International Eucharistic Congress postponed - Vatican News". April 23, 2020.
  41. ^ "Hungary to host next IEC | CBCPNews | IEC 2016". www.cbcpnews.com. Archived from the original on February 14, 2016. Retrieved January 31, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  42. ^ "53rd International Eucharistic Congress to take place in Ecuador". Vatican News. March 20, 2021. Retrieved March 23, 2021.

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