International Federation for Information Processing
The International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) is a global organisation for researchers and professionals working in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT). Established in 1960 under the auspices of UNESCO, IFIP is recognised by the United Nations and links some 50 national and international societies and academies of science with a total membership of over half a million professionals. IFIP is based in Laxenburg, Austria and is an international, non-governmental organisation that operates on a non-profit basis. Activities are coordinated by 13 Technical Committees (TCs) which are organised into more than 100 Working Groups (WGs), bringing together over 3,500 ICT professionals and researchers from around the world to conduct research, develop standards and promote information sharing. Each TC covers a particular aspect of computing and related disciplines, as detailed below.
IFIP actively promotes the principle of open access and proceedings for which IFIP holds the copyright are made available electronically via IFIP's Open Access Digital Library. Downloading articles from IFIP's Open DL is not only free of charge, but unlike commercial publishers and other professional organisations, IFIP does not charge authors of open access articles to publish in its Open DL. Conference and workshop organizers who prefer printed proceedings can take advantage of the agreement between IFIP and Springer and publish their proceedings as part of IFIP's Advances in Information and Communication Technology (AICT) series or in the Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) series. Proceedings published by Springer in IFIP's LNCS and AICT series will be included within IFIP's Open DL after an embargo period of three years. An important activity of the IFIP Technical Committees is to organise and sponsor high quality conferences and workshops in the field of ICT. Sponsoring is generally in the form of Best Paper Awards (BPA) and/or Student Travel Grants (STG). To assist conference and workshop organisers, IFIP has facilities to host conference websites and supports conference management systems such as JEMS, which include export functions that seamlessly integrate with IFIP's Open DL.
- 1 History
- 2 Technical Committees
- 2.1 IFIP TC1 Foundations of Computer Science
- 2.2 IFIP TC2 Software Theory and Practice
- 2.3 IFIP TC3 Education
- 2.4 IFIP TC5 Information Technology Applications
- 2.5 IFIP TC6 Communication Systems
- 2.6 IFIP TC7 System Modeling and Optimization
- 2.7 IFIP TC8 Information Systems
- 2.8 IFIP TC9 ICT and Society
- 2.9 IFIP TC10 Computer Systems Technology
- 2.10 IFIP TC11 Security and Privacy Protection in Information Processing Systems
- 2.11 IFIP TC12 Artificial Intelligence
- 2.12 IFIP TC13 Human-Computer Interaction
- 3 Members
- 4 References
- 5 External links
IFIP was established in 1960 under the auspices of UNESCO, originally under the name of the International Federation of Information Processing Societies (IFIPS). In preparation, UNESCO had organised the first International Conference on Information Processing, which took place in June 1959 in Paris, and is now considered the first IFIP Congress.
The name was changed to IFIP in 1961. The organisation's original contribution was to define the ALGOL 60 programming language, in one of the first examples of truly international collaboration in computer science, leaving a durable mark on the entire field.
IFIP's activities are centered on its 13 Technical Committees, which are divided into Working Groups. These groups, (with names like "WG 2.4 Software Implementation Technology") organise conferences and workshops, distribute technical papers and promote discussion and research outcomes.
A full list of IFIP Technical Committees is listed below:
- TC 1: Foundations of Computer Science
- TC 2: Software:Theory and Practice
- TC 3: Education
- TC 5: Information Technology Applications
- TC 6: Communication Systems
- TC 7: System Modeling and Optimization
- TC 8: Information Systems
- TC 9: Relationship between Computers and Society
- TC 10: Computer Systems Technology
- TC 11: Security and Protection in Information Processing Systems
- TC 12: Artificial Intelligence
- TC 13: Human-Computer Interaction
- TC 14: Entertainment Computing
IFIP TC1 Foundations of Computer Science
The current IFIP TC1, which focuses on Foundations of Computer Science, was established in 1997. There was an earlier TC1, covering Terminology, which was IFIP’s first Technical Committee. Formed in 1961, it produced a multilingual dictionary of information-processing terminology, but was later disbanded.
The working groups of the current TC1 are:
- WG 1.1 Continuous Algorithms and Complexity
- WG 1.2 Descriptional Complexity
- WG 1.3 Foundations of System Specification
- WG 1.4 Computational Learning Theory
- WG 1.5 Cellular Automata and Discrete Complex Systems
- WG 1.6 Term Rewriting
- WG 1.7 Theoretical Foundations of Security Analysis and Design
- WG 1.8 Concurrency Theory
- WG 1.9 Verified Software (joint with WG 2.15)
- WG 1.10 String Algorithmics & Applications
IFIP TC2 Software Theory and Practice
Established in 1962, IFIP TC2 explores Software Theory and Practice with the aim of improving software quality by studying all aspects of the software development process to better understand and enhance programming concepts.
The working groups of IFIP TC2 are:
- WG 2.1 on Algorithmic Languages and Calculi
- WG 2.2 Formal Description of Programming Concepts
- WG 2.3 Programming Methodology
- WG 2.4 Software Implementation Technology
- WG 2.5 Numerical Software
- WG 2.6 Databases
- WG 2.7 User Interface Engineering (Joint with WG 13.4)
- WG 2.8 Functional Programming
- WG 2.9 Software Requirements Engineering
- WG 2.10 on Software Architecture
- WG 2.11 Program Generation
- WG 2.12 Web Semantics (Joint with WG 12.14)
- WG 2.13 Open Source Software
- WG 2.14 Service-Oriented Systems (Joint with WG 6.12/WG8.10)
- WG 2.15 Verified Software (joint with WG 1.9)
- WG 2.16 Programming Language Design
IFIP TC3 Education
The formation of TC3, to deal with computers and education, was announced in 1962. Richard Buckingham of the University of London was appointed its first chairman and TC3 held its initial meeting in Paris in February 1964.
The working groups of IFIP TC3 are:
- WG 3.1 Informatics and Digital Technologies in School Education
- WG 3.3 Research into Educational Applications of Information Technologies
- WG 3.4 Professional and Vocational Education in ICT
- WG 3.7 Information Technology in Educational Management
IFIP TC5 Information Technology Applications
Established in 1970, IFIP TC5 provides a focus for multi-disciplinary research into the application of information technologies and practices to facilitate information management. It encompasses work in product life-cycle management, digital modelling, virtual product creation, integrated manufacturing/production management and more.
The working groups of IFIP TC5 are:
- WG 5.1 Information Technology in the Product Realization Process
- WG 5.4 Computer Aided Innovation
- WG 5.5 Cooperation Infrastructure for Virtual Enterprises and Electronic Business (COVE)
- WG 5.7 Advances in Production Management Systems
- WG 5.8 Enterprise Interoperability
- WG 5.10 Computer Graphics and Virtual Worlds
- WG 5.11 Computers and Environment
- WG 5.12 Architectures for Enterprise Integration
- WG 5.13 Bioinformatives and its Applications
- WG 5.14 Advanced Information Processing for Agriculture
IFIP TC6 Communication Systems
Established in 1971, IFIP TC6 (Communication Systems) is one of the largest TCs within IFIP in terms of activities and revenues. TC6 has nine Working Groups (WGs) as well as a number of Special Interest Groups (SIGs), the majority of which are concerned either with specific aspects of communications systems themselves or with the application of communications systems. In addition, one WG focuses on communications in developing countries. TC6 meets twice a year, in spring and fall, usually co-locating its meetings with a related conference. Examples of TC6 conferences include IFIP Networking, DisCoTec, Middleware, WiOpt, CNSM, Integrated Network Management (IM) and Wireless Days (WD).
Membership of a TC6 WG or SIG is open to leading researchers within the field, independent of the national society within the country of origin. Well-known (past) TC6 members include: Vint Cerf, André Danthine, Donald Davies, Peter Kirstein, Robert (Bob) Metcalfe, Louis Pouzin and Hubert Zimmermann. Each WG or SIG elects a chair and vice-chair for a period of three years. WG and SIG (vice-)chairs are, next to the national representatives and some key researchers, automatically members of TC6.
TC6 is a strong proponent of open access and the driving force behind the IFIP Open Digital Library (DL). The IFIP Open DL is currently operated by TC6 and eventually will move to the INRIA HAL system. To ensure maximum accessibility of accepted papers, several TC6 conferences publish their proceedings not only in the IFIP Open DL, but also in other online systems, such as IEEE Xplore, ACM DL, ResearchGate and arXiv.
TC6 supports conferences by providing Best Paper Awards (usually 500 Euro each) as well as Student Travel Grants (usually 750 Euro). Conference organisers who intend to obtain IFIP sponsorship are encouraged to fill-in the online Event Request Form (ERF). Depending on the category and type of event, IFIP may charge fees to conferences to cover the costs of (future) awards as well as the IFIP secretariat.
The working groups of IFIP TC6 are:
- WG 6.1 Architectures and Protocols for Distributed Systems
- WG 6.2 Network and Internetwork Architectures
- WG 6.3 Performance of Communication Systems
- WG 6.4 Internet Applications Engineering
- WG 6.6 Management of Networks and Distributed Systems
- WG 6.8 Mobile and Wireless Communications
- WG 6.9 Communications Systems in Developing Countries
- WG 6.10 Photonic Networking
- WG 6.11 Communication Aspects of the E-World
- WG 6.12 Service-Oriented Systems (Joint with WG 8.10/WG2.14)
In November 2015, a new Special Interest Group on "Internet of People" (IoP) was created.
IFIP TC7 System Modeling and Optimization
IFIP TC7 was founded in 1972 by A.V. Balakrishnan, J.L. Lions and M. Marchuk. The aims of this Technical Committee are
- to provide an international clearing house for computational (as well as related theoretical) aspects of optimization problems in diverse areas and to share computing experience gained on specific applications;
- to promote the development of necessary high-level theory to meet the needs of complex optimization problems and establish appropriate cooperation with the International Mathematics Union and similar organisations;
- to foster interdisciplinary activity on optimization problems spanning the various areas such as Economics (including Business Administration and Management), Biomedicine, Meteorology, etc., in cooperation with associated international bodies.
The working groups of IFIP TC7 are:
- WG 7.1 Modeling and Simulation
- WG 7.2 Computational Techniques in Distributed Systems
- WG 7.3 Computer System Modeling
- WG 7.4 Inverse Problems and Imaging
- WG 7.5 Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems
- WG 7.6 Optimization-Based Computer-Aided Modeling and Design
- WG 7.7 on Stochastic Optimization
IFIP TC8 Information Systems
IFIP TC8 was established in 1976 and focuses on Information Systems. This committee aims to promote and encourage the advancement of research and practice of concepts, methods, techniques and issues related to information systems in organisations. It currently includes the following working groups:
- WG 8.1 Design and Evaluation of Information Systems
- WG 8.2 The Interaction of Information Systems and the Organization
- WG 8.3 Decision Support Systems
- WG 8.4 E-Business: Multi-disciplinary Research and Practice
- WG 8.5 Information Systems in Public Administration
- WG 8.6 Transfer and Diffusion of Information Technology
- WG 8.9 Enterprise Information Systems
- WG 8.10 Service-Oriented Systems (Joint with WG 6.12/2.14)
- WG 8.11 Information Systems Security Research (Joint with WG 11.13)
IFIP TC9 ICT and Society
IFIP TC9 on ICT and Society was formed in 1976 to develop greater understanding of how ICT innovation is associated with changes in society and to influence the shaping of socially responsible and ethical policies and professional practices. The main work of the TC9 is conducted through its working groups, which organise regular conferences and events, including the Human Choice and Computers (HCC) conference series. This is a well established forum for the study of ICT and Society - the first HCC conference took place in Vienna in 1974, while the last one took place in Finland in 2014.
The working groups of IFIP TC9 are:
- WG 9.1 Computers and Work
- WG 9.2 Social Accountability and Computing
- SIG 9.2.2 Ethics and Computing
- WG 9.3 Home-Oriented Informatics and Telematics - HOIT
- WG 9.4 Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries
- WG 9.5 Virtuality and Society
- WG 9.6 Information Technology Mis-use and the Law (Joint with WG 11.7)
- WG 9.7 History of Computing
- WG 9.8 Gender Diversity and ICT
- WG 9.9 ICT and Sustainable Development
- WG 9.10 ICT Uses in Peace and War
IFIP TC10 Computer Systems Technology
IFIP TC10 was founded in 1976 and revised in 1987. It aims to promote State-of-the-Art concepts, methodologies and tools in the life cycle of computer systems and to coordinate the exchange of information around these practices.
TC10 currently has four working groups:
- WG 10.2 Embedded Systems
- WG 10.3 Concurrent Systems
- WG 10.4 Dependable Computing and Fault Tolerance
- WG 10.5 Design and Engineering of Electronic Systems
IFIP TC11 Security and Privacy Protection in Information Processing Systems
IFIP TC11 on Security and Privacy Protection in Information Processing Systems was founded in 1984 and revised in 2006 and 2009. It focuses on increasing the trustworthiness of, and general confidence in, information processing and providing a forum for security and privacy protection experts and others professionally active in the field to share information and advance standards.
IFIP TC11 currently has the following working groups:
- WG 11.1 Information Security Management
- WG 11.2 Pervasive Systems Security
- WG 11.3 Data and Application Security and Privacy
- WG 11.4 Network & Distributed Systems Security
- WG 11.5 IT Assurance and Audit
- WG 11.6 Identity Management
- WG 11.7 Information Technology: Misuse and The Law (Joint with WG 9.6)
- WG 11.8 Information Security Education
- WG 11.9 Digital Forensics
- WG 11.10 Critical Infrastructure Protection
- WG 11.11 Trust Management
- WG 11.12 Human Aspects of Information Security and Assurance
- WG 11.13 Information Systems Security Research (Joint with WG 8.11)
- WG 11.14 Secure Engineering
IFIP TC12 Artificial Intelligence
IFIP TC12 on Artificial Intelligence was established in 1984 and revised in 1991 and 2004. It aims to foster the development and understanding of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its applications worldwide and to promote interdisciplinary exchanges between AI and other fields of information processing.
IFIP TC12 currently includes the following working groups:
- WG 12.1 Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
- WG 12.2 Machine Learning and Data Mining
- WG 12.3 Intelligent Agents
- WG 12.4 Semantic Web
- WG 12.5 Artificial Intelligence Applications
- WG 12.6 Knowledge Management & Innovation AI4KM
- WG 12.7 Social Networking Semantics and collective Intelligence
- WG 12.8 Intelligent Bioinformatics and Biomedical Systems
- WG 12.9 Computational Intelligence
IFIP TC13 Human-Computer Interaction
IFIP TC 13 on Human-Computer Interaction was founded in 1989. It aims to encourage empirical research (using valid and reliable methodology, with studies of the methods themselves where necessary); to promote the use of knowledge and methods from the human sciences in both design and evaluation of computer systems; to promote better understanding of the relation between formal design methods and system usability and acceptability; to develop guidelines, models and methods by which designers may be able to provide better human-oriented computer systems; and to co-operate with other groups, inside and outside IFIP, so as to promote user-orientation and "humani-zation" in system design.
TC 13 currently has nine working groups:
- WG 13.1 Education in HCI and HCI Curricula
- WG 13.2 Methodology for User-Centered System Design 
- WG 13.3 Human-Computer Interaction and Disability 
- WG 13.4 User Interface Engineering (Joint with WG 2.7) 
- WG 13.5 Resilience, Reliability, Safety and Human Error in System Development
- WG 13.6 Human-Work Interaction Design 
- WG 13.7 Human-Computer Interaction & Visualization (HCIV) 
- WG 13.8 Interaction Design and International Development
- WG 13.9 Interaction Design and Children 
List of full members as of 2015, June 22:
List of associate members as of 2015, June 22:
- Council of European Professional Informatics Societies, Ireland
- International Medical Informatics Association, Japan
- South East Asia Regional Computer Confederation (SEARCC)
- The Very Large Data Bases Endowment (VLDB), Conferences
- "IFIP Open Access Digital Library". Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "Isaac L Auerbach". IT History Society. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- "IFIP News March 2010 – IP3 News March 2010" (PDF). IFIP. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
- "IP3 -- Leading the Development of the Global IT Profession". IP3. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
- Technical Committees
- IFIP TC1 "Foundations of Computer Science"
- IFIP Working Group 1.2 "Descriptional Complexity"
- IFIP Working Group 9.1 "Computers and Work"
- IFIP Working Group 2.1 "Algorithmic Languages and Calculi"
- IFIP TC2 "Software: Theory and Practice"
- IFIP Working Group 2.9 "Software Requirements Engineering"
- IFIP Working Group 2.16 "Programming Language Design"
- John Impagliazzo, History of Computing and Education 2 (HCE2): IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, WG 9.7, TC 9: History of Computing, Proceedings of the Second Conference on the History of Computing and Education, August 21–24, Santiago, Chile (2006), p. 8
- TC 6 homepage
- TC 7 - System Modeling and Optimization - Aims and Scopes
- Artificial Intelligence http://www.ifiptc12.org/
- About WG 12.7 | WG 12.7 - Social Networking Semantics and Collective Intelligence. Starlab.vub.ac.be. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
- IFIP Working Group 13.2 "Methodology for User-centered System Design"
- IFIP Working Group 13.3 "Human-Computer Interaction and Disability"
- IFIP Working Group 13.4/2.7 "User Interface Engineering"
- Working Group 13.6 "Human Work Interatcion Design"
- IFIP Working Group 13.7 "Human - Computer Interaction & Visualization HCIV"
- IFIP SIG 13.2 "Interaction Design and Children"
- IFIP - Members * (Retrieved on 2015, june 22)