International Federation for Information and Documentation
The International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) was an international organization that was created to promote universal access to all recorded knowledge through the creation of an international classification system. FID stands for the original French Fédération internationale de documentation.
Historical Background of FID
FID was established on 12 September 1895, in Brussels, as the International Institute of Bibliography (originally Institut International de Bibliographie, or IIB) by two Belgian lawyers, Paul Otlet (1868–1944) and Henri La Fontaine (1854–1943). It was popularly known as the Brussels Institute. Its headquarters was changed to The Hague after 1934. It had gone through a number of changes in name that reflect changes of conceptualization of the field in which it operates.
The changes in names and years are :
- 1931 – The International Institute for Documentation (Institut International de Documentation, IID)
- 1937 – The International Federation for Documentation (Fédération Internationale de Documentation, FID)
- 1988 – The International Federation for Information and Documentation (Fédération Internationale d'Information et de Documentation, FID)
One of the publications of FID was FID Communications.
- "Collection: International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) records | Archival Collections". archives.lib.umd.edu. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
- Barua, Brahmanda Pratap (1992). National policy on library and information systems and services for India: perspectives and projections. Popular Prakashan. p. 63. ISBN 978-81-7154-730-2. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- W. Boyd Rayward
- Michael Buckland
- Keenan, S. (2003). FID (Federation Internationale de Documentation). In International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science. 2nd ed. Ed. by John Feather & Paul Sturges. ISBN 978-0-415-25901-9, London: Routledge (pp. 196–198)