International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science

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International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science
IFToMM logo.png
English language logo of the IFToMM
Map highlighting IFToMM Member Organizations.svg
FormationSeptember 29, 1969
FoundersI. Artobolevski, E. Crossley, and others.
Founded atZakopane
Legal statusInternational Federation
PurposeProfessional Cooperation
Region served
45 member organizations
Secretary General
T. Zielinska
M. Ceccarelli
T. Huang (acting)

International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science (IFToMM) is an organization that supports international exchange of researchers and engineers from the wide range of discipline related to Mechanical Engineering.


To promote research and development in the field of Machines and Mechanisms by theoretical and experimental methods, along with their practical application.


It was on September 29, 1969m at the Second World Congress on Theory of Mechanisms and Machines which took place in Zakopane (Poland), that two scientists, Ivan Artobolevski (USSR) and Erskine Crossley (USA), proposed to establish an International Federation of scientists and engineers to facilitate worldwide collaboration. [1] [2] Representatives of 13 countries signed the foundation act and the International Federation for the Theory of Machines (IFToMM) came into existence.[3] The initial Member Organizations were represented by:

  • Academician Ivan I. Artobolevski (USSR),
  • Prof. Erskine F.R. Crossley (USA),
  • Prof. Michael S. Konstantinov (Bulgaria),
  • Dr. Werner Thomas (GFR),
  • Prof. B.M. Belgaumkar (India),
  • Prof. Kenneth H. Hunt (Australia),
  • Prof. J. Oderfeld (Poland),
  • Prof. Jack Phillips (Australia),
  • Prof. George Rusanov (Bulgaria),
  • Prof. Wolfgang Rössner (GDR),
  • Prof. Zènò Terplàn (Hungary),
  • Prof. Jammi S. Rao (India),
  • Prof. Giovanni Bianchi (Italy),
  • Prof. Adam Morecki (Poland),
  • Nicolae I. Manolescu (Rumania),
  • Leonard Maunder (UK),
  • Douglas Muster (USA),
  • Ilic Branisky (Yugoslavia).

Given the expansion of the topics within the IFToMM umbrella, [4] [5] [6] [7] in 1999, the Executive Council decided to recognize the changing role of the organization in international collaboration and approved a new name: "The International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science". However, the Executive Council considered that the abbreviation IFToMM was already widely used, and therefore suggested to keep it (along with the logo) as a short version of the organization's name. [8]

Officers, Presidents, and General Secretaries[edit]

IFToMM officers are the Chairs of IFToMM Member Organizations, the Chairs of Permanent Commissions and Technical Committees, as well as the members of the Executive Council. A complete historical list of IFToMM officers was published in the Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms HMM2004.[9]

The Presidents were:

  • Ivan I. Artobolevskii (USSR),
  • Leonard Maunder (United Kingdom),
  • Bernard Roth (USA),
  • Giovanni Bianchi (Italy),
  • Adam Morecki (Poland),
  • Jorge Angeles (Canada),
  • Kenneth J. Waldron (USA),
  • Marco Ceccarelli (Italy), and
  • Yoshihiko Nakamura (Japan).

The Secretaries General were:

  • M.S. Konstantinov (Bulgaria),
  • Emil Stanchev (Bulgaria),
  • Adam Morecki (Poland),
  • Elizabeth Filemon (Hungary),
  • L. Pust (CSSR),
  • Tatu Leinonen (Finland),
  • Marco Ceccarelli (Italy), and
  • Teresa Zielinska (Poland).


  • IFToMM General Assembly: every 4 years
  • Executive Council Meeting: an annual meeting of the members of Executive Council
  • IFToMM World Congress: every four years

List of all IFToMM World congresses:

World Congress Host Institution(s) Host Country (City) Dates No. of papers No. of countries represented
1st IFToMM World Congress Bulgaria (Varna) September 27–30, 1965 64 (4 volumes) 14
2nd IFToMM World Congress Poland (Zakopane) September 23–27, 1969 66 (3 volumes) 12
3rd IFToMM World Congress Yugoslavia (Kupari) September 1971 198 (8 volumes) 22
4th IFToMM World Congress United Kingdom (Newcastle upon Tyne) September 8–12, 1975 230 (5 volumes) 28
5th IFToMM World Congress Canada (Montreal) July 8–13, 1979 350 (2 volumes) 34
6th IFToMM World Congress India (New Delhi) December 15–20, 1983 338 (2 volumes) 35
7th IFToMM World Congress Spain (Seville) September 17–22, 1987 417 (3 volumes) 38
8th IFToMM World Congress Czechoslovakia (Prague) August 26–31, 1991 359 (6 volumes) 40
9th IFToMM World Congress Italy (Milan) August 29 – September 5, 1995 665 (3 volumes) 51
10th IFToMM World Congress Finland (Oulu) June 20–24, 1999 628 (7 volumes) 50
11th IFToMM World Congress China (Tianjin) April 1–4, 2004 [a] 491 (5 volumes) 43
12th IFToMM World Congress France (Besançon) June 17–20, 2007 535 (digital proceedings) 52
13th IFToMM World Congress Universidad de Guanajuato Mexico (Guanajuato) June 19–25, 2011 309 (digital proceedings) 43
14th IFToMM World Congress National Taiwan University[10][11] Taiwan (Taipei) October 25–30, 2015 559 (digital proceedings) 47
15th IFToMM World Congress AGH University of Science and Technology Poland (Kraków) (scheduled) June 30–July 4, 2019[12][13]


a Postponed from August 18–21, 2003, due to SARS.


Membership in IFToMM is not individual. Instead, it is by Member Organization (MO) which are akin to national or territorial organizations. A full list of Member Organizations available on the IFToMM web site. Each MO has its own individual or group membership rules.

As of the 2015 General Assembly held in Taipei (Taiwan), IFToMM had 47 MOs. In 2018, the membership went down to 45 MOs.

Current MOs in IFToMM
 Brazil (ABCM)
 Canada (CCToMM)
 China [China-Beijing]
 Taiwan [China-Taipei]
 Czech Republic
 France (CFToMM)
 India (AMM India)
 Italy (ItaMMMS)
 Japan (Jc-IFToMM)
 Poland (PK TMM)
 Tunisia (ATM)
 United Kingdom
 United States of America
Former MOs in IFToMM
 New Zealand

Organizational structure[edit]

The organizational structure of IFToMM includes following bodies

General Assembly[edit]

The General Assembly is the supreme body of the Federation that determines policy. It is composed of the Chief Delegates of IFToMM Members and members of the Executive Council.

Executive Council[edit]

The Executive Council is responsible for managing the affairs of the Federation between the sessions of the General Assembly. The Executive Council includes the President, Vice-President, Secretary-General, Treasurer, and six ordinary members.

Commissions and Committees[edit]

There are four Permanent Commissions (PCs) and 14 Technical Committees (TCs) established under IFToMM supervision. Each Permanent Commission and Technical Committee is composed of a Chairperson, appointed by the Executive Council, and a Secretary and members, nominated by the Chairperson and appointed by the Executive Council. The general goals for the work of the Commissions and Committees are aimed at promoting their fields of interest by attracting researchers and practitioners, including young individuals. The four PCs are:

  • Permanent Commission for Communications, Publications and Archiving
  • Permanent Commission for Education
  • Permanent Commission for the History of Mechanism and Machine Science
  • Permanent Commission for the Standardization of Terminology

While the 14 TCs are:

  • Technical Committee for Biomechanical Engineering
  • Technical Committee for Computational Kinematics
  • Technical Committee for Gearing and Transmissions
  • Technical Committee for Linkages and Mechanical Controls
  • Technical Committee for Micromachines
  • Technical Committee for Multi-body Dynamics
  • Technical Committee for Reliability
  • Technical Committee for Robotics and Mechatronics
  • Technical Committee for Rotordynamics
  • Technical Committee for Sustainable Energy Systems
  • Technical Committee for Transportation Machinery
  • Technical Committee for Tribology
  • Technical Committee for Vibrations

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Koetsier, T. (2000). "Mechanism and Machine Science: its history and its identity". Proc. of HMM2000 - the First IFToMM International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms. Kluwer (Dordrecht). pp. 5–24.
  2. ^ Angeles, J.; Bianchi, G.; Bessonov, A. P.; Mauder, L.; Morecki, A.; Roth, B. (2004). "A History of IFToMM". (Chapter 2 in) Proceedings of HMM2004- the Second IFToMM International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms. Kluwer (Dordrecht). pp. 25–125.
  3. ^ Crossley, F. R. E. (1991). "The early days of IFToMM". Proceedings of 8th IFToMM World Congress. Prague. pp. 4–9.
  4. ^ Morecki, A. (1995). "Past present and future of IFToMM". Mechanism and Machine Theory. 30: 1–9.
  5. ^ Morecki, A. (1999). "International friendly thinkers organization (who like) Machines and Mechanisms (IFToMM) – Where are we going?". Proceedings of the 10th IFToMM World Congress,. Oulu, Finland: IFToMM.
  6. ^ Crossley, F. R. E. (1970). "The International Federation for the Theory of Machines and Mechanisms". Journal of Mechanisms. 5: 133–145.
  7. ^ Ceccarelli, M. (2011). "Activity and Trends in MMS from IFToMM community". Role of MMS and IFToMM in Technology Development. Series on Machines and Machine Science. 1. Springer (Dordrecht). pp. 3–24. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-1300-0_1.
  8. ^ "History of IFToMM". Retrieved 2012-08-16.
  9. ^ Angeles, J.; Bianchi, G.; Bessonov, A. P.; Mauder, L.; Morecki, A.; Roth, B. (2004). "A History of IFToMM". (Chapter 2 in) Proceedings of HMM2004- the Second IFToMM International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms. Kluwer (Dordrecht). pp. 25–125.
  10. ^ "2015 International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science (IFToMM) World Congress". The China Post. July 5, 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
  11. ^ "NTU gears up for 2015 mechanism and machine congress". Taiwan Today. July 5, 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
  12. ^ "15th IFToMM World Congress". 15th IFToMM World Congress (in Polish). Retrieved 2018-02-27.
  13. ^ IFToMM (August 26, 2017). "IFToMM World Congress". Retrieved 2018-02-27.

External links[edit]