International Federation of Football History & Statistics

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International Federation of Football History & Statistics
IFFHS (HD logo).png
Formation1984
HeadquartersZürich, Switzerland
Official language
English, French, Spanish, German
President
Saleh Salem Bahwini[1]
Websiteiffhs.com

The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organisation that chronicles the history and records of association football.[2][3][4] It was founded on 27 March 1984 in Leipzig by Alfredo Pöge with the blessings of general secretary of the FIFA at the time, Helmut Käser.[2] The IFFHS was based at Al-Muroor Street 147, Abu Dhabi for some time but, in 2010, relocated to Bonn, Germany, and then in 2014 to Zürich.[5]

During its early stages, and until 2002, the IFFHS concentrated on publishing the quarterly magazines Fußball-Weltzeitschrift, Libero spezial deutsch and Libero international.[6] When these had to be discontinued for reasons which were not officially told, the organisation published its material in a series of multi-lingual books in co-operation with sponsors.[7] The statistical organisation has now confined its publishing activities to its website, receiving support from FIFA,[7] organisation that recognise the IFFHS and its work[4][7] although the latter has no affiliation with the football's governing body.[8]

Since 2020 a Top XI for every continental confederation is revealed, as well as the best player for every continental confederation.

The World's Best Club[edit]

Since 1991, the entity has produced a monthly Club World Ranking.

The ranking takes into consideration the results of twelve months of continental and intercontinental competitions, national league matches (including play-offs) and the most important national cup (excluding points won before the round of 16).

All countries are rated at four levels based upon the national league performance—clubs in the highest level leagues receive 4 points for each match won, 2 for a draw and 0 for a defeat. Level 2 is assigned 3 pts. (win), 1.5 (draw) and 0 (lost), and so on with the next lower levels.

In continental competitions, all clubs receive the same number of points at all stages regardless of the performance level of their leagues. However, the UEFA Champions League and the Copa Libertadores yield more points than UEFA Europa League and Copa Sudamericana, respectively. The point assignment system is still lower for the AFC, CAF, CONCACAF and OFC continental tournaments. Competitions between two continents are evaluated depending upon their importance. Competitions not organised by a continental confederation, or any intercontinental events not recognized by FIFA, are not taken into consideration.

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (1991–present)[9]
Club Wins Years
Spain Barcelona 5 1997, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015
Spain Real Madrid 4 2000, 2002, 2014, 2017
England Liverpool 3 2001, 2005, 2019
Italy Juventus 2 1993, 1996
Italy Milan 1995, 2003
Spain Sevilla 2006, 2007
England Manchester United 1999, 2008
Italy Inter Milan 1998, 2010
Germany Bayern Munich 2013, 2020

Continental Man Clubs of the Century (1900–1999)[edit]

Real Madrid, European club of the 20th Century.
Boca Juniors, South American team of the decade (2001–2010).

In 2009, the IFFHS released the results of a statistical study which determined the best continental clubs of the 20th century.[10] The ranking did not consider the performance of the teams in national football tournaments (except in the Oceania's club ranking due to limited editions held under OFC club competitions), the performance in the intercontinental or worldwide club competitions or those submitted in the IFFHS Club World Ranking, available since 1991.[11]

Based on this statistical study series, the below six clubs were named as "continental clubs of the century" by the IFFHS between 10 September and 13 October 2009. These clubs were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala celebrated at Fulham, London, on 11 May 2010.[12][13][14]

Continent Club
Europe Spain Real Madrid
South America Uruguay Peñarol
Africa Ghana Asante Kotoko
Asia Saudi Arabia Al-Hilal
CONCACAF Costa Rica Saprissa
Oceania Australia South Melbourne

The Best Man Club of the Decade[edit]

In 2012, the IFFHS recognised Barcelona as the World's Best Club Team of the Decade for the first decade of the 21st century (2001–2010).[15] In 2021, Barcelona were recognised as the world's best club also for the second decade (2011–2020).

Decade World Europe South America CONCACAF Africa Asia Oceania
2001–2010 Spain Barcelona[15] Spain Barcelona[16] Argentina Boca Juniors[17] Mexico América[18] Egypt Al Ahly[19] Saudi Arabia Al-Hilal[20] New Zealand Auckland City[21]
2011–2020 Spain Barcelona Spain Barcelona Brazil Grêmio[22] Mexico UANL[23] Tunisia Espérance de Tunis[24] South Korea Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors[25] New Zealand Auckland City[26]

Women's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (2012–present)[27]
Club Wins Years
France Lyon 7 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Germany VfL Wolfsburg 2 2013, 2014

The World's Strongest National League[edit]

Premier League, Strongest National League of the Decade (2001–2010).

Men's league[edit]

Multiple winners (1991–present)
League Wins Years
Spain Spain 13 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Italy Italy 11 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2006, 2020
England England 5 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2019

The Strongest National League of the Decade[edit]

Decade World Europe South America CONCACAF Africa Asia Oceania
2001–2010 England England[28] England England[28] Brazil Brazil[28] Mexico Mexico[28] Egypt Egypt[28] Japan Japan[28] New Zealand New Zealand[28]
2011–2020 Spain Spain[29] Spain Spain[30] Brazil Brazil[30] Mexico Mexico[30] Tunisia Tunisia[30] South Korea South Korea[30] New Zealand New Zealand[30]

Women's league[edit]

Year League
2020 England England[31]

The World's Best Player[edit]

Robert Lewandowski won the Best Player award in 2020 and 2021.

Men's winners[edit]

From 1991 until 2009, FIFA continued this distinction named "FIFA World Player of the Year"; this award was later replaced by the FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2010, and The Best FIFA Men's Player in 2016.

Year Winner Club
1988 Netherlands Marco van Basten[32] Italy Milan
1989 Netherlands Marco van Basten[33] Italy Milan
1990 Germany Lothar Matthäus[34] Italy Inter Milan
2020 Poland Robert Lewandowski[35] Germany Bayern Munich
2021 Poland Robert Lewandowski[36] Germany Bayern Munich

The World's Best Man Player of the Century (1901–2000)[edit]

Pelé, Player of the Century (1901–2000).
Top 10 players[37]
Rank Player Nationality Points
1 Pelé  Brazil 1705
2 Johan Cruyff  Netherlands 1303
3 Franz Beckenbauer  West Germany 1228
4 Alfredo Di Stéfano  Argentina
 Spain
1215
5 Diego Maradona  Argentina 1214
6 Ferenc Puskás  Hungary 810
7 Michel Platini  France 722
8 Garrincha  Brazil 624
9 Eusébio  Portugal 544
10 Bobby Charlton  England 508

Women's winners[edit]

Year Winner Club(s)
2020 Denmark Pernille Harder[38] Germany VfL Wolfsburg
England Chelsea
2021 Spain Alexia Putellas[39] Spain Barcelona

The World's Best Woman Player of the Century (1901–2000)[edit]

Mia Hamm, Female Player of the Century (1901–2000).

IFFHS gave out an award decided by votes which was conducted with the participation of journalists and former players (no further details given).[40]

Top 10 players[41]
Rank Player Nationality Points
1 Mia Hamm United States United States 442
2 Michelle Akers United States United States 411
3 Heidi Mohr Germany Germany 250
4 Carolina Morace Italy Italy 230
5 Sissi Brazil Brazil 212
6 Linda Medalen Norway Norway 181
7 Liu Ailing China China PR 165
8 Kristine Lilly United States United States 160
9 Heidi Støre Norway Norway 141
10 Pia Sundhage Sweden Sweden 129

The World's Best Youth (U20) Player[edit]

Award introduced in 2021.

Men's winners[edit]

Women's winners[edit]

The World's Best Playmaker[edit]

Spanish playmaker Xavi has won the joint most awards (alongside Lionel Messi), with a record four consecutive wins between 2008 and 2011.

Men's winners[edit]

The IFFHS World's Best Playmaker is a footballing award which, since 2006, is given annually to the best playmaker of the year, as chosen by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS).[42]

The award is awarded at the end of the year at the World Football Gala: the winning playmaker is awarded a gold trophy. Argentina's Lionel Messi and Spain's Xavi have won the award a record four times each (Xavi four consecutive times), and Spanish compatriot Andrés Iniesta has won the award two times. Barcelona is the club with the most wins, with ten in total.

Lionel Messi was named the Best Playmaker since 2006 and the Best Playmaker of the Decade 2011–2020.[43]

Multiple winners (2006–present)[44]
Player Wins Years
Spain Xavi 4 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
Argentina Lionel Messi 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019
Spain Andrés Iniesta 2 2012, 2013

Women's winners[edit]

Dzsenifer Marozsán was named the Best Playmaker of the Decade 2011–2020.[45]

Year Winner Club(s)
2012 Brazil Marta[46] Sweden Tyresö FF
2013 Germany Lena Goeßling[47] Germany VfL Wolfsburg
2014 Germany Nadine Keßler[48] Germany VfL Wolfsburg
2015 United States Carli Lloyd[49] United States Houston Dash
2016 Germany Dzsenifer Marozsán[50] France Lyon
2017 Netherlands Lieke Martens[51] Sweden FC Rosengård
Spain Barcelona
2018 Germany Dzsenifer Marozsán[52] France Lyon
2019 United States Megan Rapinoe[53] United States Reign FC
2020 Germany Dzsenifer Marozsán[54] France Lyon

The World's Best Goalkeeper[edit]

Spanish goalkeeper Iker Casillas is tied with Gianluigi Buffon and Manuel Neuer (5), with a record five consecutive wins between 2008 and 2012.

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (1987–present)[55]
Player Wins Years
Spain Iker Casillas 5 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012
Italy Gianluigi Buffon 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2017
Germany Manuel Neuer 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2020
Italy Walter Zenga 3 1989, 1990, 1991
Paraguay José Luis Chilavert 1995, 1997, 1998
Germany Oliver Kahn 1999, 2001, 2002
Denmark Peter Schmeichel 2 1992, 1993

Women's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (2012–present)[56]
Player Wins Years
United States Hope Solo 4 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
France Sarah Bouhaddi 2016, 2017, 2018, 2020

The World's Best Top Goal Scorer[edit]

Cristiano Ronaldo has won the most awards (4). He is also the All-time World's Best Goal Scorer.

This award is given annually since 2020, and retroactively from 2011 to 2019, to the world's top goalscorer in the calendar year.

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (2011–present)[57][58]
Player Wins Years
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 4 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015
Argentina Lionel Messi 2 2012, 2016

All-time World's Best Goal Scorer ranking[edit]

Romário ranks 4th in the All-time World's Best Goal Scorer ranking with 753 goals.
As of 20 October 2021[59]
Bold indicates players currently active.
Top 10 goal scorers of all-time
Rank Player Goals
1 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 794
2 Brazil Pelé 765
3 Argentina Lionel Messi 755
4 Brazil Romário 753
5 Hungary Ferenc Puskás 729
6 Austria Czechoslovakia Josef Bican 720
7 Northern Ireland Jimmy Jones 647
8 Germany Gerd Müller 634
9 Portugal Eusébio 622
10 Ireland Joe Bambrick 616

The World's Best International Goal Scorer[edit]

This award is given annually since 1991 to the world's top international goalscorer in the calendar year.

Ali Daei won the award twice (1996 and 2004).

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (1991–present)[60]
Player Wins Years
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 5 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2019
Iran Ali Daei 2 1996, 2004
Argentina Lionel Messi 2011, 2012

The World's Best Top Division Goal Scorer[edit]

Lionel Messi has won the award a record 4 times.

This award is given annually since 1997 to the player who scores the most goals in a league season (in a calendar year since 2020) in any of the top 60 leagues in the world (as ranked by IFFHS for that given year).

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (1997–present)[61]
Player Wins Years
Argentina Lionel Messi 4 2012, 2013, 2017, 2018 (shared)
Uruguay Luis Suárez 3 2010, 2014 (shared), 2016
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 2014 (shared), 2015, 2020
Brazil Mário Jardel 2 1999, 2000

All-time World's Best Top Division Goal Scorer ranking[edit]

Ferenc Puskás is the All-time Best Top Division Goal Scorer.
As of 12 November 2017[62]
Bold indicates players currently active.
Top 10 top division goal scorers of all-time
Rank Player Goals
1 Hungary Ferenc Puskás 511
2 Hungary Imre Schlosser 417
3 Hungary Gyula Zsengellér 416
4 Scotland Jimmy McGrory 410
5 Germany Gerd Müller 405
Cameroon Roger Milla
7 Mexico Hugo Sánchez 400
8 Hungary Ferenc Szusza 393
9 Argentina Carlos Bianchi 385
10 Argentina Spain Alfredo Di Stéfano 377

The World's Most Effective Top Division Goal Scorer[edit]

Masashi Nakayama is the only Japanese player to win the award.

This award was given annually from 1997 to 2004 to the player with the best goal ratio (goals/matches played) in a league season in any of the top 60 leagues in the world (as ranked by IFFHS for that given year).

Men's winners[edit]

Year Winner Club Ratio
1997 Turkey Hakan Şükür[63] Turkey Galatasaray 1.188
1998 Japan Masashi Nakayama[64] Japan Júbilo Iwata 1.276
1999 Brazil Mário Jardel[65] Portugal Porto 1.125
2000 Saudi Arabia Hamzah Idris[66] Saudi Arabia Al Ittihad 1.320
2001 Brazil Romário[67] Brazil Vasco da Gama 1.167
2002 Brazil Mário Jardel[68] Portugal Sporting CP 1.400
2003 Paraguay José Cardozo[69] Mexico Toluca 1.381
2004 Uzbekistan Shuhrat Mirkholdirshoev[70] Uzbekistan Navbahor Namangan 1.192

The World Team[edit]

Sergio Ramos made 4 appearances in the World Team since 2017.

Men's winners[edit]

In 2017, IFFHS started to nominate a world team of the year.[71]

Multiple appearances (2017–present)[72]
Player Apps Years
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 4 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Argentina Lionel Messi 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Spain Sergio Ramos 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Belgium Kevin De Bruyne 3 2017, 2019, 2020
Brazil Marcelo 2 2017, 2018
Croatia Luka Modrić 2017, 2018
England Trent Alexander-Arnold 2019, 2020
Netherlands Virgil van Dijk 2019, 2020

All-time Men's Dream Team (2021)[edit]

Lev Yashin was selected as the goalkeeper for the All-time Men's Dream Team as well as the Men Team of the Century, both times for the World's and Europe's first team.
The Argentine Diego Maradona was part of the World and South America team.
Continent Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
World[73] Soviet Union Lev Yashin Brazil Cafu
West Germany Franz Beckenbauer
Italy Franco Baresi
Italy Paolo Maldini
Spain Xavi
Argentina Diego Maradona
Netherlands Johan Cruyff
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Brazil Pelé
Argentina Lionel Messi
World B[73] Italy Gianluigi Buffon Brazil Carlos Alberto Torres
England Bobby Moore
Argentina Daniel Passarella
Brazil Roberto Carlos
Germany Lothar Matthäus
France Zinedine Zidane
France Michel Platini
Brazil Ronaldo
West Germany Gerd Müller
ArgentinaSpain Alfredo Di Stéfano
Europe[74] Soviet Union Lev Yashin Germany Philipp Lahm
West Germany Franz Beckenbauer
Italy Franco Baresi
Italy Paolo Maldini
Spain Xavi
France Zinedine Zidane
France Michel Platini
Netherlands Johan Cruyff
West Germany Gerd Müller
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
South America[75] Argentina Amadeo Carrizo Brazil Cafu
Chile Elías Figueroa
Argentina Daniel Passarella
Brazil Roberto Carlos
Brazil Didi
Argentina Diego Maradona
Brazil Zico
Argentina Alfredo Di Stéfano
Brazil Pelé
Argentina Lionel Messi
CONCACAF[76] Mexico Antonio Carbajal Mexico Carlos Salcedo
Mexico Claudio Suárez
Mexico Rafael Márquez
Mexico Andrés Guardado
Costa Rica Bryan Ruiz
Mexico Raúl Cárdenas
Mexico Luis de la Fuente
Panama Julio Dely Valdés
Mexico Hugo Sánchez
United States Clint Dempsey
Africa[77] Cameroon Thomas N'Kono Ghana Samuel Kuffour
Cameroon Rigobert Song
Morocco Noureddine Naybet
Ivory Coast Yaya Touré
Nigeria Nwankwo Kanu
Nigeria Jay-Jay Okocha
Ghana Abedi Pele
Cameroon Samuel Eto'o
Liberia George Weah
Ivory Coast Didier Drogba
Asia[78] Saudi Arabia Mohamed Al-Deayea Iran Mehdi Mahdavikia
South Korea Hong Myung-bo
Japan Yasuhiko Okudera
China Wu Lei
Japan Shinji Kagawa
Australia Mile Jedinak
South Korea Park Ji-sung
South Korea Son Heung-min
Saudi Arabia Majed Abdullah
South Korea Cha Bum-kun
Oceania[79] New Zealand Stefan Marinovic New Zealand Ryan Nelsen
New Zealand Tommy Smith
New Zealand Winston Reid
New Zealand Ryan Thomas
New Zealand Steve Sumner
New Zealand Marco Rojas
Fiji Roy Krishna
New Zealand Rory Fallon
New Zealand Chris Wood
New Zealand Wynton Rufer
Dzsenifer Marozsán shares the record for most appearances in the Women World Team (4) with Lucy Bronze and Wendie Renard.

Women's winners[edit]

In 2017, IFFHS started to nominate a world team of the year.[80]

Multiple appearances (2017–present)[81]
Player Apps Years
England Lucy Bronze 4 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
Germany Dzsenifer Marozsán 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
France Wendie Renard 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020
United States Alex Morgan 3 2017, 2018, 2019
France Sarah Bouhaddi 2017, 2018, 2020
Denmark Pernille Harder 2017, 2018, 2020
Norway Ada Hegerberg 2 2018, 2019
France Amandine Henry 2018, 2019
Japan Saki Kumagai 2018, 2020

All-time Women's Dream Team (2021)[edit]

Continent Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
World[82] United States Hope Solo England Lucy Bronze
France Wendie Renard
United States Christie Pearce
United States Joy Fawcett
Germany Dzsenifer Marozsán
Japan Homare Sawa
Brazil Marta
United States Megan Rapinoe
United States Mia Hamm
United States Alex Morgan
World B[82] Germany Nadine Angerer Germany Ariane Hingst
Sweden Nilla Fischer
Japan Saki Kumagai
Norway Hege Riise
United States Michelle Akers
United States Kristine Lilly
Brazil Formiga
United States Abby Wambach
United States Carli Lloyd
Germany Birgit Prinz
Europe[83] Germany Nadine Angerer England Lucy Bronze
France Wendie Renard
Sweden Nilla Fischer
Norway Linda Medalen
Germany Nadine Keßler
Germany Dzsenifer Marozsán
France Camille Abily
Sweden Lotta Schelin
Norway Ada Hegerberg
Germany Birgit Prinz
South America[84] Chile Christiane Endler Brazil Fabiana
Brazil Aline
Brazil Elane
Brazil Tamires
Brazil Formiga
Brazil Sissi
Brazil Roseli
Brazil Pretinha
Brazil Cristiane
Brazil Marta
CONCACAF[85] United States Hope Solo United States Kelley O'Hara
United States Joy Fawcett
United States Christie Pearce
United States Ali Krieger
Costa Rica Shirley Cruz
United States Carli Lloyd
United States Megan Rapinoe
United States Abby Wambach
United States Mia Hamm
United States Alex Morgan
Africa[86] Cameroon Annette Ngo Ndom Nigeria Onome Ebi
South Africa Janine van Wyk
Nigeria Florence Omagbeni
Nigeria Ngozi Ezeocha
Nigeria Perpetua Nkwocha
Nigeria Mercy Akide
Cameroon Gabrielle Onguéné
Cameroon Gaëlle Enganamouit
Nigeria Asisat Oshoala
Malawi Tabitha Chawinga
Asia[87] Australia Lydia Williams Australia Ellie Carpenter
Australia Cheryl Salisbury
Japan Saki Kumagai
China Fan Yunjie
Japan Homare Sawa
South Korea Ji So-yun
Japan Aya Miyama
China Liu Ailing
Australia Samantha Kerr
China Sun Wen
Oceania[88] New Zealand Erin Nayler New Zealand Rebekah Stott
New Zealand Rebecca Smith
New Zealand Abby Erceg
New Zealand Ria Percival
New Zealand Hayley Bowden
New Zealand Katie Duncan
New Zealand Betsy Hassett
New Zealand Ali Riley
New Zealand Amber Hearn
New Zealand Sarah Gregorius

The World Youth (U20) Team[edit]

Award introduced in 2021.

Men's winners[edit]

Women's winners[edit]

The World's Best Club Coach[edit]

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (1996–present)[89]
Coach Wins Years
Portugal José Mourinho 4 2004, 2005, 2010, 2012
Italy Marcello Lippi 2 1996, 1998
Germany Ottmar Hitzfeld 1997, 2001
Argentina Carlos Bianchi 2000, 2003
Scotland Alex Ferguson 1999, 2008
Spain Pep Guardiola 2009, 2011
Italy Carlo Ancelotti 2007, 2014
France Zinedine Zidane 2017, 2018

Women's winners[edit]

Year Winner Club
2020 France Jean-Luc Vasseur[90] France Lyon

The World's Best National Coach[edit]

Men's winners[edit]

Multiple winners (1996–present)[91]
Coach Wins Years
Spain Vicente del Bosque 4 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013
Germany Joachim Löw 2 2014, 2017
Portugal Fernando Santos 2016, 2019
France Didier Deschamps 2018, 2020

Women's winners[edit]

Year Winner National team
2020 Netherlands Sarina Wiegman[92] Netherlands Netherlands

The World's Best Referee[edit]

Men's winners[edit]

Felix Brych was awarded the prize for Men's Referee of the Decade 2011–20.

Multiple winners (1987–present)[93]
Referee Wins Years
Italy Pierluigi Collina 6 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003
Hungary Sándor Puhl 4 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997
Germany Markus Merk 3 2004, 2005, 2007
France Michel Vautrot 2 1988, 1989
Denmark Peter Mikkelsen 1991, 1993
England Howard Webb 2010, 2013
Italy Nicola Rizzoli 2014, 2015

Women's winners[edit]

Bibiana Steinhaus was awarded the prize for Women's Referee of the Decade 2011–20.

Multiple winners (2012–present)[94]
Referee Wins Years
Germany Bibiana Steinhaus 4 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018
France Stéphanie Frappart 2 2019, 2020

Criticism[edit]

Karl Lennartz, a sports historian and professor at the University of Cologne, Germany, called the organisation "obscure", describing it as a one-man show of its founder Alfredo Pöge.[95]

IFFHS rankings and their significance have been a matter of criticism and the largest German news agency, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, refuse to publish them.[96] Furthermore, it has been stated that the rankings of the IFFHS are not official and it's an award they serve merely for publicity.[95]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Saleh Salem BAHWINI is the new president of the IFFHS". iffhs.de. IFFHS. 30 March 2014. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b "The History of IFFHS". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  3. ^ Rafa Jiménez, IFFHS: La calculadora del fútbol. Don Balón (1656), 9/15 julio 2007, p. 50
  4. ^ a b "¿Qué es la IFFHS?". El Mundo Deportivo. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
  5. ^ "International Federation of Football History & Statistics". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  6. ^ A couple of former Weltzeitschrift cover pages can be looked up at
  7. ^ a b c Rafa Jiménez, IFFHS: La calculadora del fútbol. Don Balón (1656), 9/15 July 2007, p. 50 (in Spanish).
  8. ^ "Does FIFA employ a ranking system for club teams similar to the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking for national teams?". www.fifa.com. 28 March 2003. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  9. ^ "Football Men Club World Ranking". iffhs.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  10. ^ "The continental Clubs of the Century". IFFHS. Archived from the original on 22 September 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Europe's club of the Century". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  12. ^ "World Football Gala 2010 in London". International Federation of Football History & Statistics. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  13. ^ "Real Madrid, mejor club de Europa del Siglo XX (video de la premiación)" (in Spanish). Real Madrid Club de Fútbol official website. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  14. ^ "IFFHS HISTORY : CONTINENTAL CENTURY CLUBS (1900–1999)". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  15. ^ a b "FC Barcelona named world's best team of the decade by the IFFHS". www.fcbarcelona.com. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  16. ^ "FC BARCELONA FIRST !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  17. ^ "BOCA JUNIORS NUMBER 1 !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  18. ^ "CF AMERICA FIRST !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  19. ^ "AL-AHLY CAIRO FIRST !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  20. ^ "AL HILAL AT THE TOP". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  21. ^ "AUCKLAND CITY NUMBER ONE !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  22. ^ "GREMIO FB PORTO ALEGRENSE, BEST CLUB – CONMEBOL – OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  23. ^ "TIGRES UANL, IFFHS BEST CONCACAF CLUB OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  24. ^ "ESPERANCE SPORTIVE TUNIS, IFFHS BEST CAF CLUB OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  25. ^ "JEONBUK MOTORS FC, BEST CLUB – AFC – OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  26. ^ "AUCKLAND CITY FC , THE BEST OFC CLUB OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  27. ^ "Football Women Club World Ranking". iffhs.com. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g "IFFHS RANKINGS – THE BEST LEAGUES OF THE WORLD OF THE FIRST DECADE (2001–2010)". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  29. ^ "IFFHS WORLD'S STRONGEST NATIONAL LEAGUE OF THE DECADE 2011–2020 : LA LIGA SPAIN !". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  30. ^ a b c d e f "IFFHS CONTINENTAL STRONGEST NATIONAL LEAGUES OF THE DECADE 2011–2020". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  31. ^ "THE WORLD'S BEST WOMAN LEAGUE 2020 – FA WOMEN'S SUPER LEAGUE (ENGLAND)". IFFHS. 8 December 2020. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  32. ^ "IFFHS AWARDS 1988". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  33. ^ "IFFHS AWARDS 1989". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  34. ^ "IFFHS AWARDS 1990". www.iffhs.com. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  35. ^ "THE WORLD'S BEST MAN PLAYER 2020 : ROBERT LEWANDOWSKI (POLAND/FC BAYERN MÜNCHEN)". IFFHS. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  36. ^ "IFFHS MEN'S WORLD BEST PLAYER 2021 – ROBERT LEWANDOWSKI". www.iffhs.com. 25 November 2021. Archived from the original on 25 November 2021. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  37. ^ "IFFHS XXth CENTURY (1901–2000) WORLD PLAYER – PELE NUMBER 1". www.iffhs.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  38. ^ "THE WORLD'S BEST WOMAN PLAYER 2020 – PERNILLE HARDER (DENMARK/VFL WOLFSBURG/CHELSEA FC)". IFFHS. 1 January 2021.
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