International Federation of Gymnastics
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|Formation||23 July 1881|
|Headquarters||Avenue de la Gare 12|
|Affiliations||Longines, VTB, Cirque du Soleil|
The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG), or International Federation of Gymnastics (IFG), is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. Its headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was founded on July 23, 1881, in Liège, Belgium, making it the world's oldest existing international sports organisation. Originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics, it had three member countries—Belgium, France and the Netherlands—until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted and it received its current name.
The federation sets the rules, known as the Code of Points, that regulate how gymnasts' performances are evaluated. Seven gymnastics disciplines are governed by the FIG: artistic gymnastics, further classified as men's artistic gymnastics (MAG) and women's artistic gymnastics (WAG); rhythmic gymnastics (RG); aerobic gymnastics (AER); acrobatic gymnastics (ACRO); trampolining (TRA) and tumbling (TUM).
Additionally, the federation is responsible for determining whether gymnasts are old enough to participate in the Olympics.
The main governing bodies of the federation are the president and vice presidents; the Congress, held every two years; the Executive Committee; the Council; and technical committees for each of the disciplines.
- European Union of Gymnastics (UEG)
- Pan-American Gymnastic Union (PAGU)
- Asian Gymnastic Union (AGU)
- African Gymnastics Union (UAG)
The competitions officially organized by FIG are:
- World Gymnastics Championships
- World Cup circuit
Other tournaments approved by the FIG include:
- Olympic Games
- Youth Olympic Games
- Olympic Games Test Events
- World Games
- Continental multi-sport events
- European Gymnastics Championships
Age eligibility rules
The FIG regulates the age at which gymnasts are allowed to participate in senior-level competitions. The purpose is to protect young gymnasts, but it has caused some controversy, and there have been cases of age falsification.
- "Today in Francophone History". About.com. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- "FIG History". Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- "Milestones in FIG history". Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- "President's bio". Retrieved 2008-08-21.
- Elliot, Sarah. "Why Is There an Age Limit for Gymnasts in the Olympics?". LIVESTRONG.COM. Retrieved 2017-05-30.