International Health Division
The International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation (also known as the International Health Board (1916-1927) and the International Health Commission (1913-1916)) was an early public health entity which conducted campaigns against malaria, yellow fever, and hookworm in areas throughout Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean including Italy, France, Venezuela, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. Founded in 1913, it succeeded the Rockefeller Sanitary Commission.
The first director was Wickliffe Rose, followed by F.F. Russell in 1923, Wilbur Sawyer in 1935, and George Strode in 1944. A number of notable physicians and field scientists worked on the international campaigns, including Lewis Hackett, Hideyo Noguchi, Juan Guiteras, George C. Payne, Livingston Farrand, Cornelius P. Rhoads, and William Bosworth Castle.
The World Health Organization, seen as a successor to the IHD, was formed in 1948, and the IHD was subsumed by the larger Rockefeller Foundation in 1951, discontinuing its overseas work.
- To Cast Out Disease: A History of the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation (1913-1951). John Farley. 2003.
- "The Rockefeller Foundation and the international health agenda." Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Elizabeth Fee. The Lancet, Volume 381, Issue 9878, Pages 1618 - 1619, 11 May 2013
- "Sanitizing the State: The Rockefeller International Health Board and the Yellow Fever Campaign in Veracruz." Andrew Grant Wood. Volume VI, Number 1, Spring 2010 · Americas
- 100 Years: The International Health Board. The Rockefeller Foundation/Rockefeller Archive Center.