International Herald Tribune

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The International Herald Tribune (IHT) was a daily English-language newspaper published in Paris, France for international English-speaking readers. It was the first "global" newspaper. It published under the name International Herald Tribune from 1967 to 2013.[1]

Early years[edit]

In 1887, James Gordon Bennett Jr. created a Paris edition of his newspaper the New York Herald.[2] He called it the Paris Herald. When Bennett Jr. died, the paper came under the control of Frank Munsey, who bought it along with its parent.[3] In 1924, Munsey sold the paper to the family of Ogden Reid, owners of the New York Tribune, creating the New York Herald Tribune. By 1967, the paper was owned jointly by Whitney Communications, The Washington Post and The New York Times, and became known as the International Herald Tribune, or IHT.[4] The IHT ceased publication in 2013.[5]

The International Herald Tribune years[edit]

Sold in over 160 countries, the International Herald Tribune was an innovative newspaper. It continued to produce a large amount of unique content until its closure.[6]

In 1974, the paper pioneered the electronic transmission of facsimile pages across borders, when it opened a remote printing facility in London. By the time of the paper's centennial in 1987, the IHT was opening a new print site on average each year.[7]

The International Herald Tribune's main editorial team was based in Paris, and the paper reported from many news sources, including its own corps of correspondents and columnists.[7]

Writers and journalists[edit]

Throughout its history the Paris-based paper had a glittering stable of writers and journalists.[8] Among the most well-known were the humorist Art Buchwald,[9] the fashion editor Suzy Menkes,[10] jazz critic Mike Zwerin[11] and food writers Waverly Root and Patricia Wells. Former executive editors include John Vinocur, David Ignatius and Michael Getler.[12]

The final years[edit]

In 2013, the New York Times, which had become sole owner, removed the name IHT from the masthead.[13] In 2016 the Paris offices closed amid massive layoffs.[14] The National Book Review called it "end of a romantic era in international journalism".[15]

The archives of the International Herald Tribune, all the articles until 2013, were sold to the Gale company.[16]


  1. ^ "International Herald Tribune (Paris; New York, Ny) 1967-2013 [Microfilm Reel]". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  2. ^ Gordon, John Steele. "The Last Trace of a Great Newspaper". Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  3. ^ "International New York Times (newspaper)". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  4. ^ "Post to Sell Stake In Herald Tribune". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  5. ^ "No more IHT". Deutche Welle. October 15, 2013.
  6. ^ "International Herald Tribune Historical Archive 1887–2013". February 15, 2021.
  7. ^ a b Sterling, Christopher H. (2009). Encyclopedia of Journalism, International Herald Tribune, page 763. ISBN 9781452261522.
  8. ^ Kluger, Richard; Phyllis Kluger (1986). The paper: the life and death of the New York Herald Tribune (1st ed.). New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-50877-7. OCLC 13643103.
  9. ^ France-Amérique (2018-11-16). "Turkey With a French Dressing: The Gentle Art (Buchwald) of Humor". France-Amérique. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  10. ^ "Suzy Menkes is part of the BoF 500". The Business of Fashion. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  11. ^ Campbell, James (April 18, 2010). "Mike Zwerin obituary: A jazz trombonist, journalist and author, he was given his big break by Miles Davis". The Guardian.
  12. ^ Cody, Edward (October 3, 1987). "Le Centennial". Washington Post.
  13. ^ "Readers Lament 'International Herald Tribune' Name Change". Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  14. ^ "International New York Times closes in Paris". RFI. 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  15. ^ "NEWS: New York Times Closing its Paris-Based Editing Offices, Ending a Journalism Era". The National Book Review. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  16. ^ "International Herald Tribune Historical Archive, 1887–2013". Retrieved 2021-02-16.