International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change

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The International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIFPCC) is the representative body of indigenous peoples participating in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Indigenous peoples began engaging with the UNFCCC in 2000,[1] during a Subsidiary Bodies meetings in Lyon, France on September 8, 2000.[2] NGOs with UNFCCC observer status nominate participants for sessions of UNFCCC bodies.[3] Capacity building for indigenous peoples to engage with United Nations processes and natural resource management, including promoting traditional knowledge, has supported increasing participation.[4][5]

Representatives said IIFPCC proposals were mostly ignored at the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference that resulted in the Cancún Agreement,[6] in which the need for safeguards for local communities in REDD+ was documented in Annex 1.

Indigenous representatives developed the Oaxaca Action Plan of Indigenous Peoples: From Cancún to Durban and Beyond, a plan for indigenous peoples’ advocacy and lobbying from COP17 through to the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples at UN Headquarters in 2014. The plan aimed to address the lack of implementation of elements of the Cancún Agreement about indigenous peoples’ human rights and their participation in making climate change policies.[3]

The IIFPCC has asked the SBSTA for more effective participation of indigenous peoples and respect for indigenous traditional knowledge in REDD+ monitoring systems.[7] It has articulated links between climate change mitigation and adaptation projects and human rights.[8] It has called for the Green Climate Fund to be more transparent and for greater financial support of indigenous peoples' natural resource management, monitoring and participation in governance.[9]

As we always reiterate, most of the remaining forests in the world today are found in Indigenous Peoples’ customary-owned or managed territories, lands and resources. In addressing climate change, we insist that non-carbon benefits and non-market approaches should be supported in all aspects of the process and should be interconnected with the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards as agreed to by the Parties in Cancun.

Non carbon benefits should be defined within a human rights framework including respect for, and recognition of, the rights of indigenous peoples to lands, territories, natural resources, self-determination, and our unique world views, traditional knowledge and customary governance systems in relation to the forests with our immeasurable cultural and spiritual values for sustenance consistent with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

Parties to the Convention must implement the safeguards adopted in Cancun, as these are mandatory and essential to the success of REDD+ implementation in all phases. In addition, community-based monitoring and information systems by indigenous peoples are equally important as an effective way to monitor the non-carbon benefits and implementation of safeguards.

— Grace Balawag of Tebtebba and the Indigenous Peoples Partnership on Climate Change and Forests, speaking on behalf of the IIFPCC[10]

A new global UNFCC initiative is underway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions released during deforestation, due to a concern that current regulations restrict the ability of native people to regulate the forests that are on their own land. The initiative is called Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in Developing Countries. The UNFCC hopes that this initiative may lead to billions of dollars of annual payment for carbon emissions avoided by conservation efforts.[11]


  1. ^ "Declaration of the first international forum of indigenous peoples on climate change". International Indian Treaty Council. September 6, 2000.
  2. ^ 1950-, Johansen, Bruce E. (Bruce Elliott) (2003-01-01). Indigenous peoples and environmental issues : an encyclopedia. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313323980. OCLC 51559162.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b "UN Framework Convention on Climate Change". International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA).
  4. ^ Pasang Dolma Sherpa. "Education on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change Strengths and Challenges" (PDF). UNFCCC.
  5. ^ Abate, Randall; Kronk, Elizabeth Ann (2013). Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples: The Search for Legal Remedies. ISBN 978-1-78100-180-6.
  6. ^ "Indigenous Groups Announce Grave Concern on Possible Cancun Outcome". International Indian Treaty Council. December 10, 2010.
  7. ^ "REDD text is "insufficient and offensive": Closing Statement of the International Indigenous Peoples' Forum on Climate Change". REDD-Monitor. 9 January 2009.
  8. ^ "Tenth session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) Contribution by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), February 2011" (PDF). United Nations. February 2011.
  9. ^ "International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC) Open Statement on the Green Climate Fund (GCF) UNFCCC COP18/CMP8, Doha, Qatar" (PDF). 7 December 2012.
  10. ^ "International Indigenous Peoples' Forum on Climate Change (IIFPCC) Statements at the 38th sessions of the Subsidiary Bodies to the UNFCCC, Bonn, Germany June 2013". 10 June 2013.
  11. ^ Laurence., Danver, Steven (2013-01-01). Native peoples of the world : an encyclopedia of groups, cultures, and contemporary issues. 3. M.E. Sharpe, Inc. pp. 777–778. ISBN 9780765682222. OCLC 798498968.