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UNIDROIT (formally, the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law; French: Institut international pour l'unification du droit privé) is an intergovernmental organization on harmonization of private international law; its projects include drafting of international conventions and production of model laws. As of 2018 UNIDROIT has 63 member states.


UNIDROIT headquarters in Rome

UNIDROIT headquarters are located in the centre of Rome, Italy, between via Nazionale and via Panisperna, where its main entrance can be found. The institute occupies the Villa Aldobrandini, a 17th-century princely villa whose gardens were truncated by the construction of via Nazionale in the 19th century, which borders the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum to the south.


International Institute for the Unification of Private Law.png

States become members through acceding to its statute. The 63 members are:

Member country Year of joining
 Argentina 1972
 Australia 1973
 Austria 1948
 Belgium 1940
 Bolivia 1940
 Brazil 1940
 Bulgaria 1940
 Canada 1968
 Chile 1951
 China 1986
 Colombia 1940
 Croatia 1996
 Cuba 1940
 Cyprus 1999
 Czech Republic 1993
 Denmark 1940
 Egypt 1951
 Estonia 2001
 Finland 1940
 France 1948
 Germany 1940
 Greece 1940
 Holy See 1945
 Hungary 1940
 India 1950
 Indonesia 2009
 Iran 1951
 Iraq 1973
 Ireland 1940
 Israel 1954
 Italy 1940
 Japan 1954
 Latvia 2006
 Lithuania 2007
 Luxembourg 1951
 Malta 1970
 Mexico 1940
 Netherlands 1940
 Nicaragua 1940
 Nigeria 1964
 Norway 1951
 Pakistan 1964
 Paraguay 1940
 Poland 1979
 Portugal 1949
 South Korea 1981
 Serbia (joined as  Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) 2001
 Romania 1940
 Russia (joined as  Soviet Union) 1990
 San Marino 1945
 Saudi Arabia 2009
 Slovakia 1993
 Slovenia 1995
 South Africa 1971
 Spain 1940
 Sweden 1940
  Switzerland 1940
 Tunisia 1980
 Turkey 1950
 United Kingdom 1948
 United States 1964
 Uruguay 1940
 Venezuela 1940

Lebanon was a member state of UNIDROIT from 1958 to 1964. Countries which have ceased to exist are former member states: Czechoslovakia, East Germany, United Arab Republic, and Yugoslavia.


Unidroit has over the years prepared the following international Conventions, drawn up by Unidroit and adopted by diplomatic Conferences convened by member States of Unidroit:[1]

  • Convention relating to a Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods (The Hague, 1964)
  • Convention relating to a Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (The Hague, 1964)
  • International Convention on Travel Contracts (Brussels, 1970)
  • Convention providing a Uniform Law on the Form of an International Will (Washington, D.C., 1973)
  • Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva, 1983)
  • Unidroit Convention on International Financial Leasing (Ottawa, 1988)
  • Unidroit Convention on International Factoring (Ottawa, 1988)
  • UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (Rome, 1995)
  • Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment (Cape Town, 2001) (including Protocols on Aircraft (2001) and Railway rolling stock (2007) and Space assets (2012))
  • Geneva Securities Convention (Geneva, 2009)

UNIDROIT is depositary of two of its conventions: the Cape Town Convention (including its three protocols) as well as the Geneva Securities Convention.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNIDROIT Conventions". UNIDROIT. Retrieved 26 February 2012.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]