International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

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International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Abbreviation IITA
Motto Research to Nourish Africa
Formation 1967
Type NGO
Purpose Agricultural research and development
Headquarters Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Region served
Africa
Services Providing better living for the rural farmers
Membership
CGIAR
Official language
ALL
Director General
Nteranya Sanginga
Main organ
Board of Trustees
Affiliations CGIAR
Website http://www.iita.org

The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) works with partners to enhance crop quality and productivity, reduce producer and consumer risks, and generate wealth from agriculture, with the ultimate goals of reducing hunger, malnutrition, and poverty. IITA's research-for-development (R4D) focuses on addressing the development needs of tropical countries. The institute was established in 1967 and is headquartered in Ibadan, Nigeria, with several research stations across Africa. IITA is a nonprofit organization governed by a Board of Trustees, supported by several countries and the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

History[edit]

IITA was established in 1967 in Ibadan, the idea of the institute came from Ford and Rockefeller foundations desire to establish a centre for the improvement in quality of tropical foods.[1] The institute came to existence with the enactment of decree 32. of 1967. Part of the institute's initial goals were to develop a better productive farming system, the selection and breeding of high yielding crop varieties that are resistant to diseases and pest and strengthening agricutulral research in the humid and tropic regions. The instiute was initially situated on a 1000 hectare land. The institute focused on a cereal improvement program, grain and legumes improvement program, farming systems and root and tuber improvement program. The grain and legume improvement system consisted of soybeans, cowpeas and tuber program composed of yam and cassava.[2] IITA joined the CGIAR consortium in 1971. It later added tree products such as plantain and banana. Recently, IITA has operated four research divisions: Biotechnology and genetic improvement, Natural resource management, Social science and agribusiness, and Plant production and plant health.

Stations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mohan, R. D. R., International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Symposium on Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharian Africa, & Symposium on "Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharian Africa". (1992). Sustainable food production in sub-Saharian Africa: [symposium on "Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharian Africa", being held at IITA headquarters at Ibadan, Nigeria, in December 1992]. Ibadan: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. P. 2
  2. ^ Coker Onita. (1987). IITA and Massive Production of Food. Spear Focus, Spear Magazine, P. 4-7

External links[edit]