International Literacy Day
|International Literacy Day|
|Observed by||All UN Member States|
|Next time||8 September 2023|
International Literacy Day is an international observance, celebrated each year on 8 September, that was declared by UNESCO on 26 October 1966 at the 14th session of UNESCO's General Conference. It was celebrated for the first time in 1967. Its aim is to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies. Celebrations take place in several countries.
Some 775 million lack minimum literacy skills; one in five adults are still not literate and two-thirds of them are women; 60.7 million children are out-of-school and many more attend irregularly or drop out. According to UNESCO’s "Global Monitoring Report on Education for All (2006)", South Asia has the lowest regional adult literacy rate (58.6%), followed by sub-Saharan Africa (59.7%). Countries with the lowest literacy rates in the world are Burkina Faso (12.8%), Niger (14.4%) and Mali (19%). The report shows a clear connection between illiteracy and countries in severe poverty, and between illiteracy and prejudice against women.
Celebrations of International Literacy Day have included specific themes, in line with Education For All goals and other United Nations programs such as the United Nations Literacy Decade. The celebration's theme for 2007 and 2008 was “Literacy and Health”, with prizes awarded to organizations at the forefront of health education. This was also the thematic emphasis of the 2007–2008 biennium of the United Nations Literacy Decade. In particular, International Literacy Day 2008 had a strong emphasis on Literacy and Epidemics with a focus on communicable diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis and malaria, some of the world's forefront public health concerns. For 2009–2010 the emphasis was placed on “Literacy and Empowerment”, with special consideration to gender equality and the empowerment of women. The theme of the 2011–2012 celebrations is “Literacy and Peace”. The theme of 2022 is Transforming Literacy Learning Spaces to reconsider the basic significance of literacy learning spaces for fostering resilience and guaranteeing high-quality, equitable, and inclusive education for all.
The following writers are supporting UNESCO through the Writers for Literacy Initiative: Margaret Atwood, Paul Auster, Philippe Claudel, Paulo Coelho, Philippe Delerm, Fatou Diome, Chahdortt Djavann, Nadine Gordimer, Amitav Ghosh, Marc Levy, Alberto Manguel, Anna Moi, Scott Momaday, Toni Morrison, Érik Orsenna, Gisèle Pineau, El Tayeb Salih, Francisco Jose Sionil, Wole Soyinka, Amy Tan, Miklós Vámos, Abdourahman Waberi, Wei Wei, Banana Yoshimoto. Not only the writers contribute to raising awareness to the problem of illiteracy: along with the writers’ engagement, there are various companies and charity organizations that support the fight against illiteracy. Some supporters of International Literacy Day include the Global Development Research Center, Montblanc, the National Institute for Literacy, and Rotary International.
"At a time when we need to reinvent a world of hope, literacy is more important than ever. On this International Day, I thus invite all those involved in education to redouble their investments and mobilize all their resources to unleash the potential of each individual in the service of a shared world." — Audrey Azoulay, UNESCO Director General, on the occasion of International Literacy Day
- List of countries by literacy rate
- UNESCO Confucius Prize for Literacy
- UNESCO King Sejong Literacy Prize
- United Nations Literacy Decade
- "International Literacy Day". UNESCO. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- "World Literacy Day 2020: Theme, History, Significance And Quotes". NDTV.com. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
- "Literacy". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- "More Than One-Half of Children and Adolescents Are Not Learning Worldwide" (PDF). UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
- "International Literacy Day 2020: Current Theme, History and Significance". Jagranjosh.com. 7 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
- "Global Education Monitoring Report". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "International Literacy Day 2020: History, significance and theme of the UNESCO designated day". Hindustan Times. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
- NEWS, SA (8 September 2022). "International Literacy Day: ILD Should Assess Spiritual Literacy". SA News Channel. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
- Nations, United. "International Literacy Day". United Nations. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
- "Winners 2008 | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "UN Literacy Decade | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". UNESCO. 31 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "2011 | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". UNESCO. 8 September 2011. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "UNESCO International Literacy Prizes" (PDF). Unesdoc.usesco.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 March 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "International Literacy Day 2022: History, Importance & Theme".
- "The Writers for Literacy | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". UNESCO. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "International Literacy Day". 2 October 2018.